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Self Analysis Essay

Fool-Proof Tips & Examples To Write A Self-Analysis Essay

Creating a self-analyzing essay structure requires one to ponder over the previous year’s performance, whether for academic or professional advancement. They are considered an important tool to promote self-awareness, enhance productivity, and accomplish personal goals for both employees and learners. However, writing a successful self-assessment essay sample in the accurate self-analysis essay format can be tricky for many self-writing essay writers. Most self-analysis essay writers struggle to examine their strengths and weaknesses.

Do thoughts like how to write a self-assessment paper, how to write a self-evaluation essay, how to conclude an essay about yourself, how to start a self-evaluation essay help , or what a personal analysis takes away your night's sleep? Nonetheless, this problem is about to come to an end. Tag along to learn the minute details of creating an unparalleled self-assessment paper example.  

What is a Personal Analysis Essay?

The objectives of writing self-analysis papers are to attest to the quality or deficiency of a specific department about particular things precisely. A self-analysis essay can be on any item, business, administration, administration series, book, movie, etc. It is evaluated through a variety of tests conducted in an unbiased, impartial, and sensible way, depending on the type of content. Students are usually assigned to create self-assessment essay samples as a part of group projects to measure their personal contribution to the assignment. Every self-analyzing essay follows a structure varying from the academic institution.

For self-writing an essay evaluation, it is important for one to follow the basic standards and guidelines that judge the evidence and meet the criterion benchmark to craft high-quality content. A student must ensure that each section of the critical analysis essay outlines only one point, clarify the facts in detail, and share the writer's judgment based on the proofs.

Read more: Analytical Essay

How to Craft a Critical Analysis Essay Outline?

The self-analyzing essay structure mentioned in this diagram is widely used by students and professionals in self-analysis writing essays. Each point that is to be discussed in the self-assessment essay sample must be attended to in the ordered reference for analyzing essay structure best.

Critical Analysis Essay Outline

Analyzing the essay structure of the self-assessment essay about yourself is important since it helps in making the self-writing essay more convincing to the reader. According to the referenced analysis essay format, an essay must include the following:


Wonder how to begin an analysis essay? The best way is to give a glimpse of the subject in the introduction of the self-assessment essay sample. Use the complete section of the personal analysis essay to present the subject. Present a higher standpoint of the subject in the self-analyzing essay structure.

Explore how the subject impacts the individual and why it is worth assessing in the given analysis essay format. It will help the writer of the self-analysis papers to develop the measures that one will take in the given critical analysis essay outline to showcase the thesis.

At the end of the introduction of the self-assessment essay introduction include a thesis statement that will include the overall opinion and the reasons that support the statement of the personal analysis essay.


Body paragraphs of every essay about yourself must outline at least three reasons that support the statement made in the self-assessment essay about yourself.

First Reason

  • First Argument :

Begin the first argument of the personal self-assessment essay with a topic sentence that highlights the subject around which the topic revolves. Then include the principal judgment and elaborate on the subject in the first body paragraph of the self-assessment essay sample. Adding transitional words in the self-analysis papers helps readers to understand the change in the context from the introduction to the conclusion. It also makes analyzing the essay structure smooth.

  • Support the first argument :

Ensure that the self-analysis papers have genuine facts that justify the claims made in the argument. It can be in the form of statements, illustrations, acknowledgments, measurements, tests, etc.

  • Deal with any complaints and nullify them : 

The argument of analysis essay format becomes more concrete when the writer adds a perspective that objects to the argument mentioned in the self-analysis example and then addresses it with befitting combating fact. It instills the value of the argument more deeply in the reader's mind.

Second Argument

  • Second decisive factor :

When confused about how to write my essay self-evaluation essay’s second argument, follow the method adopted to begin the first argument of the analyzing essay structure. Add a topic sentence highlighting the subject the subsequent paragraphs will deal with. Then elaborate the judgment on the topic in the following lines of the self-writing essay taking assistance of transitional words to move from one paragraph of the essay on self-analysis to another.

  • Support for the succeeding explanation :

Add considerable sustaining facts as statements, representations, acknowledgments, insight, examinations, etc.

  • Address any objections and disprove them : 

Just like the first argument of the critical analysis essay outline, add a point that contradicts the second argument of the essay on self-analysis and nullify it with justifiable proof.

Third Argument

  • Third argument :

The third criterion must follow the self-analysis essay format of the first and second arguments. It must explain the third set of points that validate the self-analysis essay statement after pointing out the subject that will rule the following lines or paragraphs in the self-assessment essay sample. Using transitional words and phrases are must for the smooth movement of the propositions.

  • Support for the third explanation :

Genuine sustaining data in the essay about yourself outlined in the form of statements, examples, master praises, insight, examinations, etc., to support the argument of the self-assessment essay about yourself.

  • Address any complaints and invalidate them :

The aim of addressing complaints at the end of the third argument is the same as that for the other arguments. One must ensure not to include any complaints against the stated argument that has more value than that of the argument itself. Otherwise, the argument stated in the self-assessment essay sample will be viewed as vulnerable.

Students often get confused about how to conclude an essay about themselves. Restate the self-writing essay statement first to build the best self-analyzing essay structure in the conclusion. Keep in mind never to repeat the same word of the essay statement in the conclusion. Brush on the arguments and end the conclusion of the self-assessment paper example by connecting with the crowd. Make a statement or offer suggestions that will leave a mark on the reader's mind.

How to Conclude an Essay about Yourself?

Calculating how to conclude an essay about yourself wisely is important to leave a lasting impact on the reader’s mind since it is the last chance one has to impress the reader with the personal analysis of the best essay writer's qualities or success in achieving the objective set in the essay statement. One has several options while considering how to write a self-evaluation essay to end it successfully.  

It can be done by convincing the reader how successfully the essay writer has performed the acts to achieve the aim. It may also feature the writer's perspective on the subject, or the writer may finally show in the analyzing essay structure that the writer is a specialist in the subject.

It is important to note that the conclusion is the end of the self-assessment made in the body of the self-assessment paper example. The writer must also feel that they have received all the information from the body of the self-assessment paper example to have come to a conclusion, or they may feel excited to explore more on the subject.

To add a sense of finality:

To add a sense of closure to the personal essay  about yourself, take the following steps:

  • To conclude, the self-assessment paper example links the last passage of the essay about yourself to the first statement of the essay on self-analysis. Restate the central issue of the self-analysis example using different words.
  • End the concluding sentence with simple single-syllable words. It leaves a deeper impact on the reader.
  • To open space for an additional idea:

One may also want to end the conclusion of an analyzing essay structure on a conversational note, leaving space for the readers to develop further ideas on the topic. To do the same, one must use the following ideas:  

  • Conclude with a statement or reference in the self-analysis papers from a different reference. It will help in repeating the argument or adding a different point of view.
  • Draft the conclusion of the self-analysis example by reanalyzing any significant terms used in the argument of the self-assessment essay sample.
  • End the critical analysis essay outline exploring the consequence of the examination. For example, a student can talk about the inference of the contention made in the essay on self-analysis.

How Not to Conclude an Essay about Yourself?

The conclusion of any self-assessment essay sample is one of the most complicated parts of the content. It is the last scope for any writer to showcase their qualities in the self-writing essay. Hence writers often look for detailed guidelines on how to conclude an essay about themselves and what they must not do. Different choices for beginning a self-analysis essay example are already discussed, but the don'ts of concluding a self-assessment per example are not highlighted. Here are the most significant ones:

Repeat the important points:

When students or professionals get confused about how to write a self-evaluation essay conclusion, they use the inclusion of an analysing essay structure to sum up, their evaluation or restate them.

It is true that a conclusion must bring together all the points of the personal analysis essay, especially if it lengths over 20 pages. However, if the critical analysis essay outline does not exceed ten pages or it is much shorter than that, in that case, it is important to stop repeating the primary thoughts in the self-analysis papers.

Avoid concluding transitional words and phrases

Phrases like ‘in shutting, ‘in summation’, 'in outline', 'to sum up', and 'in conclusion' are clichéd for beginning the conclusion of the paragraph of self-analysis paper examples. Moreover, they look great in presenting a subject orally but do not work equally well while writing a personal analysis essay conclusion.

To draft a conclusion for a self-assessment essay about yourself, allow the writing and the discussion to naturally decide when the argument ends, and the conclusion begins. It does not force the reader to get that the writing is about to end or find the argument is ending abruptly. The flow of the text becomes naturally evident, and the conclusion section of the personal self-assessment essay is about to begin.

Don’t feel apologetic

Sometimes students have much more knowledge on a topic of self-analysis papers, but the self-analysis essay format restricts them from presenting their complete knowledge on the paper. Then the writer feels apologetic for not being able to put all the information on paper.

At times, the opposite incident happens when students feel doubts about their capability to put information in the paper because of their lack of time to explore the subject they discussed in the self-assessment essay sample. Writers must control their inclination to surrender themselves to such self-doubts.

 Doing so, they might reflect their thoughts in the presentation of the paper and divert the attention of the reader from the main content with unrelated words.

How to Start a Self-Evaluation Essay?

Beginning any composition is always the hardest part; self-analysis paper examples are no different. Whether a self-writing essay is a part of any academic writing  assessment or not, it is quite difficult to craft the first few lines of a personal self-assessment essay. Many students often feel clueless about how to begin an analysis essay.

One can also not deny that understanding the degree of self-reflection that a student must conduct to craft a composition on a 'self-analysis essay about yourself’ is the basis of self-writing the essay analysis.

This understanding of the essay on self-analysis answers all questions that may come to the writer’s or the student's mind, like how to write a self-assessment paper, how to write a self-evaluation essay, or how to start a self-evaluation essay.

Hence, one can recognise that composing an essay on self-analysis is an exceptional way of distinguishing how a specific idea or thought is formed and what features it has. A self-assessment paper example must begin with offering the basic knowledge on the subject and then lead on to taking measures to assess and present sensible proof. The self-assessment essay introduction must show the way the writer decides to shape their assessment and craft a persuasive paper.

Simply put, deciding how to begin an analysis essay is all about choosing the right approach to showcase oneself as a responsible person and the steps taken towards meeting specific goals and convincing the readers to agree to the same and applaud for the extent the English essay writer has come in the journey towards the goals. Here are some foolproof ways to begin self-analysis papers.

Step 1: Collect evidence of achievements and failures

While writing an essay about yourself, outline your achievements and failures. A personal analysis essay need not always be about a specific task done in an individual or group assignment.

Instead, it may include the list of daily chores, highlighting the ones that were achieved successfully and the ones that were missed out on the self-analysis papers. For example, one may talk about sending a thank you card to somebody or emailing someone to criticise their work. It may also include stacking up the late bills that are to be addressed later.

However, it is important to ensure that the proofs gathered are pertinent to the form of self-appraisal.

Step 2: Make a list of the rules you will use for the appraisal

It is essential to make a set of rules in the analysis essay format for self-appraising the work. The best way to get it done is by creating a list of two sets of information in the self-analysis papers – the expected set of responsibilities and earlier assessments. However, analysing essay structure and purpose is important to create a set of rules or lists. For example,

  • Appraisal of work- For creating self-analysis papers to appraise a work, it is beneficial to use a set of expected responsibilities that the writer must perform and past evaluations to make the benchmark in the self-assessment essay sample.
  • Self-improvement appraisal- If the critical analysis essay outline is for a self-improvement appraisal, it is important to create two separate records for writing the essay on self-analysis.
  • The first record must include the fascinating attributes one has attained to contribute to the job.
  • The second one must highlight theannoying features that the writer of the self-assessment paper example has survived throughout the appraisal period and is working hard to overcome.
  • Surveying advancement towards a variety of objectives– While one writes a self-writing essay that reviews the writer’s progression towards different objectives, and record the goals using transitional steps.

Step 3: Create another list

What is the worth of a personal analysis essay writing if it does not highlight the contrasting activities performed during the analysis period and showcase the writer’s talent completely? Hence, when confused about how to begin an analysis essay, it is important to note the activities that contrast with the ones on the primary list. However, while crafting a self-analysis essay titled – ‘self-assessment essay about yourself,’ one must be careful to note that every contrasting activity undertaken during the period of assessment has the same objective as that of the primary one.

Step 4: Outline the paper

The self-analysis  essay structure  must be made of separate parts; all of them must explore the writer’s objective of creating the self-assessment essay sample and the writer’s effort towards attaining it. There are several ways to build a self-analysis essay introduction  format .  

Method 1:   Disintegrating the objectives  - Breaking the single objective into parts like lesser objective and greater objective will help in creating a detailed outline, and hence, the queries regarding how to begin an analysis essay get answered in a better way.  

Method 2:   Grouping the related objectives  – Sometimes, a self-assessment paper example is created with multiple objectives in mind. In that case, arranging the critical analysis essay outline by segmenting the essay into parts that have relatable objectives helps in resolving any confusion that one may have, like - how to start a self-evaluation essay. Break the paper into areas that will each examine a fundamental objective and your advancement toward it.

For example, suppose an individual is writing   a self-analysis paper with examples of foolish inclinations that one needs to break. However, the writer may also want to discuss four other dreams in the self-assessment paper example that he wants to achieve to overcome the inclinations. Hence, it is clear that the self-assessment essay sample wants to discuss two separate objectives –

  • Get away with the foolish inclinations.
  • Make four other dreams come true.

To include both these objectives and the analysis of how far they are achieved in a personal analysis essay, one can group the related objectives into two primary segments and include subheadings. Then one can just choose a sensible plan to work and make it work to write the essay.  

Step 5: Compose a starter introduction

The final step that one can take to answer the budding queries - how to begin an analysis essay is to compose the analysing essay structure. The presentation of the self-assessment paper example may discuss the reasons why meeting the recorded objectives is crucial to the writer, or it may give a glimpse of how the writer has achieved the objectives and what it has brought to him.

What to Include in a Self-Assessment Essay Sample?

When a student or professional approaches expertsasking how to write a self-evaluation essay, they may get guidance on the chronology of steps to take to craft a solution. However, learning the steps to take to build a self-assessment paper does not teach enough about how to write a self-assessment paper. One needs to pay attention to the components to include in the self-analysing essay structure. Self-analysis papers must include the following elements:

List All Achievements

Before beginning an essay on self-analysis , save some effort to create a list of achievements that comes to mind.

Then while crafting a self-assessment essay introduction, select the most significant ones. Ensure that information can be estimated in terms of hours, numbers and rates. It will help to measure the contribution made in quantifiable terms.

If the self-writing essay is for professional assessment, one can talk about the work done on behalf of other employees or outside of the job duties that were not explored in the last self-assessment paper examples. Authorities of an organization audit all types of accomplishments while they consider the promotion of an employee.

List Areas of Improvement

Writing a self-assessment essay about yourself is not all about highlighting the qualities that one has to craft an excellent paper. It is also about the shortcomings of the individual. Hence it is better not to give any chance to the supervisor to present questions on the greatest shortcomings and better answer the misleading question in the personal self-assessment essay itself. However, finding the answer is tricky.

One way out is to ask colleagues to criticize the qualities and the shortcomings. Professionals will be amazed to find out many of their flaws that they did not notice. Then need to select the ones that they consider to be serious faults and combine them in a list to be included in the self-analysis example, along with significant plans for improvement. The senior executive of the organisation will then recognise the professional's readiness to take the initiative to solve the issue.

Don’t drag others

Own up to the mistakes. Dragging others into the game and highlighting what others could have done in the self-assessment essay sample never appeals to the examining officers. Instead, they will be more impressed if one offers a genuine response. However, if one feels that an associate is overloading others with work or working less, in that case, it is important to bring it in front of the supervisor but not through a personal analysis essay.

Highlight the goals

When someone is asked to craft a self-assessment essay, the essay does not mandate justifying past actions, but instead, it also asks the writer to talk about future goals. Supervisors examine the future objectives set for a given time frame and look for ways to provide opportunities for the employee to attain the objectives. One can figure out that their additional preparation, shadowing and referencing other materials in the outline of the essay about yourself can help them in creating a better impression.

Focus on significant qualities

A personal self-assessment essay does not require one to write a novel on the qualities the writer possesses. One may just simply center the essay on the significant qualities and achievements that are relatable to the academic curriculum or the professional work profile. Listing them by order of importance, beginning with the most significant one, gets the job done. It’s likewise a smart thought to list your achievements ordered by importance, beginning with the greatest ones first.

It is no wonder that developing the analyzing essay according to the structure is no child's play. Though the document will not pass for outside examination, only the supervisor or the teacher will inspect it, but self-analysis papers’ impact will chase the writer for a long time. Hence it is important to revise the solution before submission. Ensure that the sentences and paragraphs are connected. If writing an essay on yourself is not a forte, take the help of others for assistance.  

Self-Assessment Essay Sample

Still, confused about how to write a self-evaluation essay? Read self-analysis papers like the one stated below to understand the details. A simple reminder – it is just the body paragraph of a self-assessment paper example.

Theme -   Self-analysis of Writing an Essay

Title – Analysing my writing styles

My writing styles and habits for crafting a  personal analysis essay  or any academic and creative script were very wobbly prior to enrolling on this course. I would typically wait till the night before the document was due and start writing it at the last moment. Hence I was unable to conduct proper research on the subject or proofread the copies before and after the writing process. The papers got submitted full of errors in grammar and punctuation. As a result, my academic grades would subsequently lower. However, after taking up this course, my writing style has strengthened immensely, and my weaknesses have been reduced.

FAQs On Self Analysis Essay:

Q.1. how do i start a self-analysis essay.

You can start a self-analysis essay by brainstorming and listing the different aspects of your life that you want to reflect on, and then choosing one or two that you want to focus on in your essay. You can also start by writing an outline of your essay, which will help you organize your thoughts and ideas.

Q.2. What should I include in a self-analysis essay?

You should include your personal experiences, achievements, strengths, and weaknesses in your self-analysis essay. You can also include your personality traits, values, beliefs, and attitudes, among other aspects of your life that you want to reflect on.

Q.3. How do I organize my self-analysis essay?

You can organize your self-analysis essay in different ways, depending on the aspects of your life that you want to reflect on. One way to organize it is to write about each aspect of your life separately, such as your personal experiences, achievements, strengths, and weaknesses. Another way is to write about each aspect of your life in relation to each other, such as how your strengths and weaknesses have influenced your achievements.

Q.4. How do I reflect on my strengths and weaknesses?

You can reflect on your strengths and weaknesses by thinking about the things that you are good at and the things that you struggle with. You can also ask for feedback from others, such as friends, family members, or colleagues, to help you identify your strengths and weaknesses.

Q.5. How do I write about my personal experiences?

You can write about your personal experiences by describing the events, people, and emotions that were involved. You can also reflect on what you learned from these experiences and how they have influenced your life.

Q.6. How do I write about my achievements?

You can write about your achievements by describing the goals that you set for yourself, the actions that you took to achieve them, and the outcomes that you achieved. You can also reflect on what you learned from these achievements and how they have influenced your life.

Q.7. How do I write about my values and beliefs?

You can write about your values and beliefs by describing the things that are important to you, the principles that guide your behavior, and the things that you believe in. You can also reflect on how your values and beliefs have influenced your decisions and actions.

Q.8. How can I make my self-analysis essay more effective?

You can make your self-analysis essay more effective by being honest and reflective, using specific examples to support your ideas, and being clear and concise in your writing. You can also proofread and edit your essay to ensure that it is well-organized and free of errors.

  • Published On 25 Oct, 2022 | Updated on 12 Dec, 2023


Bella Phillips As a passionate blogger for Essay Help USA by #1 Writing Expert 50% Off.I am currently employed at a leading Business Law firm in White Plains. I am associated with for several years and helping the Law students with their essays.

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How to Write a Self-Analysis Essay

Self-analysis essays force you to think critically and honestly about yourself and your work. These essays are often assigned at the college level as a way to reflect on yourself and your progress as a writer. They’re also used after group projects to gauge your personal contributions. Although they may sound difficult, self-analysis essays follow a basic structure. Practicing true introspection is the hard part.

Formatting Your Essay

Your self-analysis essay may vary in length from two to seven pages, depending on the assignment. It should follow the basic structure of a personal essay. You’ll need an introduction that states your thesis -- your central idea or theme. You’ll need at least three subsequent sections -- one for your strengths as a writer, one for your weaknesses and another for your future goals. Your conclusion should restate your thesis and sum up what you’ve learned about yourself. Each section may be a single paragraph or multiple paragraphs. Though the essay will be written in the first-person voice, use topic sentences to transition from one section to the next. For example, “Having acknowledged my natural talent for grammar, I would like now to address my weaknesses as a speller” could serve as a transitional topic sentence linking your strengths and weaknesses sections.

Establishing Your Thesis

The first honest moment of your self-analysis comes in the formulation of your thesis. You must answer the question of how you’ve performed in recent work. More than just rating yourself, you’ll need to provide a qualitative statement. If your essay is in response to a group project, the University of North Carolina at Wilmington recommends describing how your contributions hindered or helped the group. You might write, “My difficulty with research hindered the final presentation of our project by leaving out crucial information.” If you’re writing in response to a prior essay, you might state how you handled the material: “The topic was challenging, but I researched it thoroughly and presented a compelling argument.” Your thesis will guide the rest of your essay, so be honest and precise.

Outlining Strengths and Weaknesses

Your essay must dig into specific strengths and weaknesses -- the qualities you believe contributed to the outcome stated in your thesis. Teachers don’t want a litany of blame; they want students to be truthful about their shortcomings and to offer ideas for improvement. For instance, if you need help organizing your thoughts, presenting your findings in a more logical order, then state this in your section about personal weaknesses. If you’re particularly good at describing experiences in vivid detail, a natural storyteller, then don’t shy away from highlighting this strength in the appropriate section. Writing instructor David T. Burkam encourages students to think about what excites them in the writing process and what terrifies or intimidates them.

Setting Personal Goals

This last section of your essay should transition from self-analysis to self-improvement. Be specific. If you struggle with redundancy and a lack of vocabulary, state how you will consult a thesaurus for your next assignment to diversify your word choice. If reflecting on a group project, describe what you will do differently in the future to better help your partners, such as, “I won’t procrastinate, and I will turn in my research on time.” In your conclusion, revisit your thesis, but also sum up what you’ve learned through personal reflection. Your essay should be both reflective and proactive.

  • University of North Carolina at Wilmington: Self-Analysis Paper
  • University of Michigan: Student Self-Assessment of Writing in a First-Year Writing Course

Scott Neuffer is an award-winning journalist and writer who lives in Nevada. He holds a bachelor's degree in English and spent five years as an education and business reporter for Sierra Nevada Media Group. His first collection of short stories, "Scars of the New Order," was published in 2014.

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Chapter 6: Thinking and Analyzing Rhetorically

6.7 What is self analysis?

Emilie Zickel

The final assignment in your English 100 or 101 course at Cleveland State University will include a reflective essay in which you describe your growth as a writer over the course of the semester. This activity of reflecting on your growth and performance is what is called a metacognitive activity: one in which you think and write about your learning.

Writing a formal reflective essay may be a new thing for you, so this chapter will provide an overview of why we write reflections on our learning and how to approach a reflection assignment.

How is reflective writing in the academic setting different from journaling or writing in a diary?

If you write in a diary or a journal, recording your thoughts and feelings about what has happened in your life, you are certainly engaging in the act of reflection. Many of us have some experience with this type of writing. In our diaries, journals, or other informal spaces for speaking – or writing- our mind,  write to ourselves, for ourselves, in a space that will largely remain private.

Your reflection essay for college courses will contain some of those same features:

  • The subject of the reflective essay is you and your experiences
  • You can generally use first person in a reflective essay

But writing academic reflections, like the one that is due for the English 100/101 portfolio assignment, is a bit different from journalling or keeping a diary:

What can be gained from metacognitive activities that ask you to reflect on your learning and your performance as a writer?

One of the major goals in any First-Year Writing class is to encourage students’ growth as writers. No one is expected to be a perfect writer at the end of the semester. Your instructor’s hope, however, is that after 16 weeks of reading, writing, and revising several major essays, you are more confident, capable, and aware of yourself as a writer than you were at the beginning of the semester. Reflecting on the process that you go through as you write – even if your writing is not perfect – can help you to identify the behaviors, strategies, and resources that have helped you to be successful or that could support your future success. In short, reflecting on how you write (or how you have written during a particular semester) can be quite powerful in helping you to identify areas where you have grown and areas where you still have room for more growth.

How can I write a reflective essay?

As with any essay, a reflective essay should come with its own assignment sheet. On that assignment sheet, you should be able to identify what the purpose of the reflective essay is and what the scope of the reflection needs to be. Some key elements of the reflective essay that the assignment sheet should answer are:

  • What, exactly, the scope of the reflection is. Are you reflecting on one lesson, one assignment, or the whole semester?
  • Do you have detailed guidelines, resources, or reference documents for your reflections that must be met?
  • Is there a particular structure for the reflection?
  • Should the reflection include any outside resources?

If you are struggling to find the answers to these questions, ask your professor!

Another wonderful resource for writing a reflective essay comes from Writing Commons , in the article “Writing an Academic Reflection Essay” . This article offers great information about the following:

  • What it means to be “academic” or “critical” and at the same time personal and reflective
  • How you can achieve focus in a reflective essay
  • What “evidence” is in a reflective essay

A Guide to Rhetoric, Genre, and Success in First-Year Writing by Emilie Zickel is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License , except where otherwise noted.


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Home — Essay Samples — Sociology — Self Identity — Self-Analysis: Shaping Identity and Personal Development


Self-analysis: Shaping Identity and Personal Development

  • Categories: Childhood Development Self Identity

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Words: 462 |

Published: Jan 31, 2024

Words: 462 | Page: 1 | 3 min read

Table of contents

Personal background and experiences, strengths and weaknesses, values and beliefs, emotional intelligence, goals and aspirations.

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How to Conduct a Self Analysis

Last Updated: June 8, 2023 Fact Checked

This article was co-authored by Trudi Griffin, LPC, MS . Trudi Griffin is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Wisconsin specializing in Addictions and Mental Health. She provides therapy to people who struggle with addictions, mental health, and trauma in community health settings and private practice. She received her MS in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Marquette University in 2011. There are 20 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been fact-checked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources. This article has been viewed 236,675 times.

You are always growing and changing based upon your personality and life experiences. Therefore, it’s important to periodically take time out to conduct a self-analysis. Self-analyses help you to reflect on where you are in various aspects of your life. Armed with this information, you are better prepared to make necessary adjustments as you move forward in life.

Assessing Your Self-Esteem

Step 1 Reflect on your childhood experiences.

  • As a child, did I feel listened to or was I harshly criticized?
  • Was I spoken to respectfully or was I ignored, criticized, or teased?
  • Did I get appropriate attention and affection or was I neglected?
  • Was I physically, verbally, or sexually abused?
  • Were my accomplishments recognized?
  • Were my shortcomings and failures accepted or was I berated?
  • Was I always expected to be perfect?

Step 2 Keep track of your moods.

  • The inner voice is not actually a voice that you hear with your ears. Instead, it is the collection of thoughts that you experience. These thoughts are often so deeply embedded in the subconscious that you may not even recognize them when they occur. Instead you’ll probably just experience a change in mood.
  • Your inner voice is either affirming or self-defeating. [3] X Research source People with healthy self-esteem usually experience an accepting and reassuring inner voice. However, people with low self-esteem generally experience a harsh, punitive, and critical inner voice.
  • Journaling can be tough for some people, especially if you write about past traumas that you have not fully processed. If you find that journaling is upsetting you or causing you difficulty handling everyday life for the day or week after attempting to journal, talk with a counselor who can help you journal productively while keeping you healthy.

Step 3 Write down what you were thinking.

  • Automatic thoughts originate in the subconscious so sometimes they are difficult to pinpoint. You can start by asking yourself “What made me feel this way.” Then dig deeper by asking yourself probing questions like “What does that say about me?” “Why did that make me feel that way?”
  • The first few answers are often superficial responses. Keep asking yourself “What else?” until you are able to probe into the deeper automatic thoughts.
  • For example, if a co-worker said something that made you angry, you may initially write down “Andrea said that what I did was wrong.” “That made me angry.” “She tried to make me look like I was incompetent.” And after asking yourself several times “What else?” you may eventually pinpoint a thought that you didn’t realize was there, such as “I’m not as good at this as everyone else.”

Step 4 Evaluate the thinking patterns.

  • All-or-none thinking occurs when a person thinks that one misstep makes his or her or the situation a failure. For example, if you make one error at work you may think that you're a failure at your job.
  • Disqualifying the positive is when a person only focuses on what they have done wrong and ignores or forgets about all of the good that they have done. For example, a person may focus on getting one problem wrong on a test when they have correctly answered the rest of the questions.
  • Jumping to conclusions is when a person makes a judgment without having all of the facts. For instance, if you see your best friend running in a direction away from you in a parking lot, you may assume that your friend is trying to avoid you. However, they may have been late for an appointment and not noticed you.
  • Labeling happens when a person applies a label to themself (or someone else) rather than acknowledging the action or behavior. For example, instead of thinking, “I could have handled that differently” you may think, “I’m a bad person.”

Step 5 Examine if you have healthy or low self-esteem.

  • The Victim: This person acts like they are helpless and waits for others to come to the rescue. They tend to use self-pity or indifference to mask underlying fears of failure. They tend to be unassertive, may be an underachiever, and excessively relies on others for reassurance.
  • The Imposter: This person acts as if they are happy and all is well when they're really petrified of failure. This person needs to always be successful in order to be happy, often leading to perfectionism, competition, and burnout.
  • The Rebel: This person tries to downplay others, particularly people of authority. They live in constant anger about not being good enough and tends to focus on not being hurt by the criticism of others. This can lead to blaming other people for their own problems and they may frequently oppose authority.

Understanding Your Personality Type

Step 1 Take out a piece of paper and place it in front of you.

  • 2 Draw five lines vertical across the paper. Make sure that the lines are evenly spaced. You will be writing in the boxes that these lines create, so make sure that there is adequate space in between the lines.
  • Keep in mind that these “Big Five” traits are not personality types but dimensions of personality. For example, someone may be high in “Agreeableness” (friendliness) but low on “Extraversion” (sociability.) This person is probably not very social, but he or she is in fact quite friendly.
  • The “Emotional Stability” dimension is also sometimes referred to as the “Neuroticism” trait. Neuroticism is on the other end of the Emotional Stability-Neuroticism spectrum.
  • Similarly, Sometimes the “Openness to Experience” dimension is referred to as “Intellect.” The terms are interchangeable.
  • Extroversion reflects a keen interest in other people and external events. Highly extroverted people tend to be very confident and have no problem exploring uncharted territories. People who are low in extroversion are often referred to as “introverts” and tend to prefer solace and quiet environments.
  • Neuroticism reflects anxiety level. People who are high in this dimension tend to experience negative emotions stronger than their counterparts. If you find yourself worrying and freaking out a lot, then you may want to rate yourself as high in this area.
  • Openness to Experience indicates a person’s willingness to adjust their thinking when new information arises. If you are high in this area then you are probably unconventional and “free spirited.” If you are low on this dimension, then you are probably more conventional and concrete with your thinking patterns.
  • Conscientiousness refers to how much a person considers other people when making decisions. It also reflects one’s level of self-control. If you are high on this dimension then you are probably disciplined, well organized, and function well with autonomy. If you are low in this area then you are probably quicker to follow your impulses and do well in environments that are fluid and constantly changing.
  • Agreeableness indicates the degree to which a person is compatible with other people. It also reflects how much a person cares about others. If you are high in this area then you are probably quite empathetic and can quickly and easily understand other people. You are probably often described as “nice” and “tender hearted.” If you are low in this area then you put less emphasis on emotions when determining how to behave. There is generally a gender difference on this trait with women generally being higher and men generally being lower.

Step 5 Think about how these five traits influence your personality.

  • People can be high or low in each dimension. However, 45 different personality combinations emerge when all of the different possible combinations are combined.

Writing a Self-Assessment for Work

Step 1 Choose a convenient time.

  • Reviewing your emails is a good way to remember some of the things that you accomplished earlier in the year that you may otherwise forget to include.
  • If there is a place where your work is documented on a regular basis, such as a log or computer data entry system, you may be able to jog your memory by reviewing that documentation.
  • Ask yourself questions to help with your self-reflection. For example, you could ask “Did my efforts further the company’s mission?” or “In what ways did I take on leadership roles?”

Step 3 Use the STAR approach if you're having a hard time pinpointing your accomplishments.

  • Identify the (S)ituation: Briefly describe a situation when you felt very proud of your job performance.
  • Describe the (T)ask that was at hand regarding this situation. What is it that you had to do?
  • Describe the (A)ction that you took in order to complete the task.
  • Highlight the (R)esults that was achieved through your action.

Step 4 Write down the areas that you would like to improve on.

  • Although you are using this opportunity to do some self-reflection, reviewing your supervisor’s feedback from recent performance evaluations could help you to get some honest feedback on your performance.

Step 5 Make a list of 5-6 goals that you would like to accomplish over the next year.

Measuring Your Stress Levels

Step 1 List any recent life changes.

  • What values do you find very important? Kindness? Honesty? Success? Family time?
  • Does your behavior conflict with these values? For instance, let’s say that you value family time. Do you find yourself spending enough time with your family or are you prevented from doing so by other things?
  • Do your job, relationships, friendships, or other areas of your life conflict with these values? For instance, let’s consider the same example above. Is your job preventing you from spending time with your family?

Step 3 Evaluate your surroundings.

  • Finances: Do you have enough money to cover your basic needs such as housing, food, clothing, and transportation?
  • Family: Are their issues with your spouse or children or are you a caregiver to an elderly family member?
  • Health: How is your health and the health of your loved ones?

Step 5 Track your sleeping.

  • Thinking and learning slows down
  • Accidents increase
  • Health challenges, including elevated risk of diabetes and increased risk of death
  • Increased depression and forgetfulness
  • Lower libido
  • Premature aging and weight gain
  • Impaired judgment

Step 6 Consider how you can work on decreasing your stress level in these areas.

Seeking Help from Others

Step 1 Consult a counselor or therapist.

  • People go to therapy for a variety of reasons, from past traumas to wanting to learn to cope with everyday life. There is no "bad" reason to seek counseling, and it's a sign of strength and self-care to seek help when you could benefit from it. [20] X Trustworthy Source American Psychological Association Leading scientific and professional organization of licensed psychologists Go to source
  • A therapist also provides a safe, welcoming space for you to explore your own thoughts and feelings in. She will not judge you or make you feel silly for having thoughts. This type of environment can be very productive for self-discovery.

Step 2 Look for an expert in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

  • CBT has been demonstrated as a helpful treatment for a range of conditions, including anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders. Even people with chronic pain may be helped by CBT.

Step 3 Search for a trauma specialist if you have had past traumas.

  • CBT is a very common treatment for people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Other types of treatment include exposure therapy, where you learn to overcome the trauma by talking about it repeatedly, and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy, where you focus on bodily stimuli as you think or talk about your traumatic memories. [22] X Research source

Step 4 Find someone you feel comfortable with.

  • Psychiatrists are medical doctors. They can diagnose conditions, prescribe medication, and offer therapy. Because of their specialized and extensive training, they are often rather expensive to see, but they are excellent for people who may have more severe disorders.
  • Psychologists have doctorate degrees in Psychology, such as Ph.D. or Psy.D. In some states, they can prescribe medication, but most cannot. They can diagnose conditions and offer therapy.
  • Licensed clinical social workers (LCSWs) have a master's degree in Social Work and have had extensive clinical experience to earn their license. They can offer therapy and a variety of other services that connect you with community resources.
  • Psychiatric nurses are registered nurses (R.N.s) with specialized training in psychiatry and therapy. They can usually prescribe medications and can offer therapy.
  • Marriage and Family therapists (MFTs) have a master's degree in marriage and family therapy. They have training and clinical experience in offering therapy, but cannot prescribe medications.
  • Licensed Professional Counselors (LPCs) have a master's degree in a professional counseling field. They have training and clinical experience in offering therapy, but cannot prescribe medications. LPCs tend to have a wide range of counseling areas, such as career counseling, in addition to mental health counseling.

Expert Q&A

  • Regular self-analyses are important so that you can honestly assess your strengths and areas for further development. Such self-assessments will help you to develop healthier and more effective goals. You can also come to a greater understanding of your core values and beliefs by conducting a self-analysis, which will help you live a life that is fulfilling and in line with those values. Thanks Helpful 1 Not Helpful 1
  • Your self-analysis may bring some of your insecurities to the forefront of your consciousness. That’s okay. The goal is to acknowledge them so that you can move forward. Thanks Helpful 2 Not Helpful 0
  • Make sure that your self-analyses focus on yourself. Do not use them as opportunities to blame others. Thanks Helpful 3 Not Helpful 0

self analysis essay outline

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About This Article

Trudi Griffin, LPC, MS

Conducting a self-analysis can help you reflect on where you are in your life and how to best move forward. Consider if you have healthy or low self-esteem. Healthy self-esteem is when you believe you're worthwhile and valuable, whereas low self-esteem is when you see yourself in a negative light and lack confidence in your abilities. Keeping track of your moods can also help you learn more about your self-esteem and thought patterns. If you have healthy self-esteem, you’ll usually experience an accepting and reassuring inner voice. However, if your self-esteem is low, then your inner voice may be harsh or critical. By journaling about your shifts in moods or thoughts, you can discover a lot about your deeply imbedded thoughts and feelings toward yourself and the world around you. To learn how to understand your personality type, keep reading! Did this summary help you? Yes No

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How to Write an Essay Outline with Examples

TeacherVision Staff

Download for free!

Why write an essay outline.

An essay outline will help you organize your main ideas and determine the order in which you are going to write about them. In some cases, a decimal outline may allow you to organize your details better. Writing an outline with an alphanumeric structure is another very effective way to think through how you will organize and present the information in your essay. It also helps you develop a strong argumentative essay.

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Looking for a printable list of essay outline examples?

Our printable PDF features essay outline examples and templates that your students can use as examples when writing research papers, or as a supplement for an essay-writing unit.

Sample Outline - Persuasive Essay

Competitive Swimming, an Ideal Sport for Kids


Start your argumentative essay outline by stating your point of view and/or present your persuasive argument.

Thesis: Competitive swimming is a great alternative to other youth sports.

Body Paragraph 1

Introduce your primary persuasive argument and provide supporting details in your argumentative essay outline.

Topic Sentence:   Competitive swimming provides the same benefits as other sports.

  • Detail Sentence 1:   It is good exercise and builds muscular strength.
  • Detail Sentence 2:   It promotes cooperation among team members, especially in relays.

Body Paragraph 2

Introduce a secondary argument and provide supporting details.

Topic Sentence:   Competitive swimming provides some unique additional benefits.

  • Detail Sentence 1:   Swimming is an important skill that can be used forever.
  • Detail Sentence 2:  Swimming poses a reduced risk of injury.
  • Detail Sentence 3:   Each swimmer can easily chart his or her own progress.

Conclude your essay writing with a summary of the thesis and persuasive arguments. Brainstorming details that support your point-of-view is a great way to start before creating your outline and first draft.

Concluding Sentence:   There are many reasons why competitive swimming is a great alternative to other youth sports, including...

Sample Outline - Narrative Essay

How Losing a Swim Meet Made Me a Better Swimmer

Introduce the subject of your narrative essay using a thesis statement and a plan of development (POD).

Thesis: The first time I participated in a competitive swim meet, I finished in last place. With more focused training and coaching, I was able to finish 2nd in the State Championship meet.

Plan of development:   I was very disappointed in my results from the first meet, so I improved my training and fitness. This helped me swim better and faster, which helped me to greatly improve my results.

Set the scene and provide supporting details. Again, start by brainstorming different ways to begin; then go ahead and craft an outline and a first draft.

Topic Sentence:   I was embarrassed at finishing last in my first competitive swim meet, so I began working on ways to improve my performance.

  • Detail Sentence 1:   I spent extra time with my coach and the team captains learning how to improve my technique.
  • Detail Sentence 2:   I started running and lifting weights to increase my overall fitness level.

Provide additional supporting details, descriptions, and experiences to develop your general idea in your essay writing.

Topic Sentence:   Over time, my results began to improve and I was able to qualify for the state championship meet.

  • Detail Sentence 1:   My technique and fitness level made me faster and able to swim longer distances.
  • Detail Sentence 2:  I steadily got better, and I began winning or placing in the top 3 at most of my meets.
  • Detail Sentence 3:  My results improved to the point that I was able to qualify for the state championship meet.

Body Paragraph 3

The next step in the writing process is to provide additional supporting details, descriptions, and experiences. You can then divide them up under different headings.

Topic Sentence:   With my new confidence, techniques, and fitness level, I was able to finish 2nd at the state championship meet.

  • Detail Sentence 1:   I was able to swim well against a higher level of competition due to my training and technique.
  • Detail Sentence 2:  I was no longer embarrassed about my last-place finish, and was able to use it as motivation!

Conclude the narrative essay with a recap of the events described or a reflection on the lesson learned in the story. Briefly summarize the details you included under each heading.

Concluding Sentence:   I used my last-place finish in my first competitive swim meet as motivation to improve my performance.

Sample Outline - Descriptive Essay

Visiting the Hockey Hall of Fame

Introduce the subject of your descriptive essay with a thesis statement covering the person, place, object, etc. you are writing about.

Thesis: The Hockey Hall of Fame is full of sights, sounds, and experiences that will delight hockey fans of all ages.

Set the scene and provide factual details.

Topic Sentence:   The Hockey Hall of Fame is located in Toronto, Canada and features exhibits from amateur and professional hockey.

  • Detail Sentence 1:   The Hall is located in downtown Toronto and is visited by 1 million people every year.
  • Detail Sentence 2:   You can see exhibits ranging from the early beginnings of the sport to the modern NHL and Olympics.

Provide additional sensory details, descriptions, and experiences.

Topic Sentence:   There are many types of exhibits and shows, including activities you can participate in.

  • Detail Sentence 1:  Player statues, plaques, and jerseys decorate the walls in every room of the Hall.
  • Detail Sentence 2:  Many of the exhibits have movies and multimedia activities that make you feel like you're part of the game.
  • Detail Sentence 3:  You can even practice shooting pucks on virtual versions of some of the game's greatest goalies!

Conclude the essay with a paragraph that restates the thesis and recaps the descriptive and sensory details.

Concluding Sentence:   The Hockey Hall of Fame is an experience that combines the best sights, sounds and history of the game in Toronto.

Sample Outline - Expository Essay

Why The School Year Should be Shorter

Introduce the primary argument or main point of an expository essay, or other types of academic writing, using a thesis statement and context.

Thesis: The school year is too long, and should be shortened to benefit students and teachers, save districts money, and improve test scores and academic results. Other countries have shorter school years, and achieve better results.

Describe the primary argument and provide supporting details and evidence.

Topic Sentence:   A shorter school year would benefit students and teachers by giving them more time off.

  • Detail Sentence 1:   Students and teachers would be able to spend more time with their families.
  • Detail Sentence 2:  Teachers would be refreshed and rejuvenated and able to teach more effectively.

Provide additional supporting details and evidence, as in this essay outline example.

Topic Sentence:  A shorter school year would save school districts millions of dollars per year.

  • Detail Sentence 1:   Districts could save money on energy costs by keeping schools closed longer.
  • Detail Sentence 2:  A shorter school year means much lower supply and transportation costs.
  • Detail Sentence 3:  Well-rested and happy students would help improve test scores.

Provide additional or supplemental supporting details, evidence, and analysis, as in the essay outline example.

Topic Sentence:   Shortening the school year would also provide many benefits for parents and caregivers.

  • Detail Sentence 1:   A shorter school year would mean less stress and running around for parents.
  • Detail Sentence 2:  Caregivers would have more balance in their lives with fewer days in the school year.

Conclude the essay with an overview of the main argument, and highlight the importance of your evidence and conclusion.

Concluding Sentence:   Shortening the school year would be a great way to improve the quality of life for students, teachers, and parents while saving money for districts and improving academic results.

Sample Research Paper Outline

The Conquest of Mt. Everest

  • Location of Mt. Everest
  • Geography of the Surrounding Area
  • Height of the mountain
  • Jomolungma (Tibetan name)
  • Sagarmatha (Nepalese name)
  • The number of people who have climbed Everest to date
  • First to reach the summit (1953)
  • Led a team of experienced mountain climbers who worked together
  • Norgay was an experienced climber and guide who accompanied Hillary
  • Sherpas still used to guide expeditions
  • Leader of the failed 1996 expedition
  • Led group of (mainly) tourists with little mountain climbing experience
  • Loss of trees due to high demand for wood for cooking and heating for tourists.
  • Piles of trash left by climbing expeditions
  • Expedition fees provide income for the country
  • Expeditions provide work for the Sherpas, contributing to the local economy.
  • Introduction of motor vehicles
  • Introduction of electricity

The Everest essay outline template is based on a research paper submitted by Alexandra Ferber, grade 9.

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Organizing Your Analysis

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Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.

This resource covers how to write a rhetorical analysis essay of primarily visual texts with a focus on demonstrating the author’s understanding of the rhetorical situation and design principles.

There is no one perfect way to organize a rhetorical analysis essay. In fact, writers should always be a bit leery of plug-in formulas that offer a perfect essay format. Remember, organization itself is not the enemy, only organization without considering the specific demands of your particular writing task. That said, here are some general tips for plotting out the overall form of your essay.


Like any rhetorical analysis essay, an essay analyzing a visual document should quickly set the stage for what you’re doing. Try to cover the following concerns in the initial paragraphs:

  • Make sure to let the reader know you’re performing a rhetorical analysis. Otherwise, they may expect you to take positions or make an evaluative argument that may not be coming.
  • Clearly state what the document under consideration is and possibly give some pertinent background information about its history or development. The intro can be a good place for a quick, narrative summary of the document. The key word here is “quick, for you may be dealing with something large (for example, an entire episode of a cartoon like the Simpsons). Save more in-depth descriptions for your body paragraph analysis.
  • If you’re dealing with a smaller document (like a photograph or an advertisement), and copyright allows, the introduction or first page is a good place to integrate it into your page.
  • Give a basic run down of the rhetorical situation surrounding the document: the author, the audience, the purpose, the context, etc.

Thesis Statements and Focus

Many authors struggle with thesis statements or controlling ideas in regards to rhetorical analysis essays. There may be a temptation to think that merely announcing the text as a rhetorical analysis is purpose enough. However, especially depending on your essay’s length, your reader may need a more direct and clear statement of your intentions. Below are a few examples.

1. Clearly narrow the focus of what your essay will cover. Ask yourself if one or two design aspects of the document is interesting and complex enough to warrant a full analytical treatment.

The website for provides an excellent example of alignment and proximity to assist its visitors in navigating a potentially large and confusing amount of information.

2. Since visual documents often seek to move people towards a certain action (buying a product, attending an event, expressing a sentiment), an essay may analyze the rhetorical techniques used to accomplish this purpose. The thesis statement should reflect this goal.

The call-out flyer for the Purdue Rowing Team uses a mixture of dynamic imagery and tantalizing promises to create interest in potential, new members.

3. Rhetorical analysis can also easily lead to making original arguments. Performing the analysis may lead you to an argument; or vice versa, you may start with an argument and search for proof that supports it.

A close analysis of the female body images in the July 2007 issue of Cosmopolitan magazine reveals contradictions between the articles’ calls for self-esteem and the advertisements’ unrealistic, beauty demands.

These are merely suggestions. The best measure for what your focus and thesis statement should be the document itself and the demands of your writing situation. Remember that the main thrust of your thesis statement should be on how the document creates meaning and accomplishes its purposes. The OWl has additional information on writing thesis statements.

Analysis Order (Body Paragraphs)

Depending on the genre and size of the document under analysis, there are a number of logical ways to organize your body paragraphs. Below are a few possible options. Which ever you choose, the goal of your body paragraphs is to present parts of the document, give an extended analysis of how that part functions, and suggest how the part ties into a larger point (your thesis statement or goal).


This is the most straight-forward approach, but it can also be effective if done for a reason (as opposed to not being able to think of another way). For example, if you are analyzing a photo essay on the web or in a booklet, a chronological treatment allows you to present your insights in the same order that a viewer of the document experiences those images. It is likely that the images have been put in that order and juxtaposed for a reason, so this line of analysis can be easily integrated into the essay.

Be careful using chronological ordering when dealing with a document that contains a narrative (i.e. a television show or music video). Focusing on the chronological could easily lead you to plot summary which is not the point of a rhetorical analysis.

A spatial ordering covers the parts of a document in the order the eye is likely to scan them. This is different than chronological order, for that is dictated by pages or screens where spatial order concerns order amongst a single page or plane. There are no unwavering guidelines for this, but you can use the following general guidelines.

  • Left to right and top to down is still the normal reading and scanning pattern for English-speaking countries.
  • The eye will naturally look for centers. This may be the technical center of the page or the center of the largest item on the page.
  • Lines are often used to provide directions and paths for the eye to follow.
  • Research has shown that on web pages, the eye tends to linger in the top left quadrant before moving left to right. Only after spending a considerable amount of time on the top, visible portion of the page will they then scroll down.

Persuasive Appeals

The classic, rhetorical appeals are logos, pathos, and ethos. These concepts roughly correspond to the logic, emotion, and character of the document’s attempt to persuade. You can find more information on these concepts elsewhere on the OWL. Once you understand these devices, you could potentially order your essay by analyzing the document’s use of logos, ethos, and pathos in different sections.

The conclusion of a rhetorical analysis essay may not operate too differently from the conclusion of any other kind of essay. Still, many writers struggle with what a conclusion should or should not do. You can find tips elsewhere on the OWL on writing conclusions. In short, however, you should restate your main ideas and explain why they are important; restate your thesis; and outline further research or work you believe should be completed to further your efforts.

Rhetorical Analysis Essay

Rhetorical Analysis Essay Outline

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Crafting an Effective Rhetorical Analysis Essay Outline - Free Samples!

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Have you ever stared at a blank page, wondering how to begin your rhetorical analysis essay?

You're not alone. Many students find the first step, creating an outline, to be a challenge. 

The truth is - tackling a rhetorical analysis without a well-structured outline can lead to confusion and disorganization. But fear not because there's a solution.

In this blog, we will show you how you can create a rhetorical analysis essay outline. By the end, you’ll have a thorough understanding of what your outline should look like. 

So, keep reading to find out how you can beat the blank pages!

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What Is Rhetorical Analysis Essay?

A rhetorical analysis essay is a type of analytical essay that examines how an author uses language and persuasion to get their message across.

It involves analyzing speeches or essays to understand how authors use strategies within the rhetorical triangle to influence their intended audience. These techniques usually involve logical appeal, moral argument, and vivid imagery that appeals to the listener. 

Key Elements to Analyze

In a rhetorical analysis essay, you would be analyzing the text keeping these key rhetorical concepts in mind:

  • Ethos: This concerns the credibility of the author or speaker.
  • Logos: This focuses on the logical aspects of the argument.
  • Pathos: Pathos explores the emotional appeal of the discourse.
  • Style and Tone: This involves analyzing the author's writing style and the overall tone of the text.

These elements provide a structured approach to rhetorical analysis, revealing how effective communication is achieved.

Why Create a Rhetorical Analysis Essay Outline?

Writing a rhetorical analysis essay requires a writer to draft a structured piece of writing. This essay type is one of the most challenging tasks students are assigned to do for their academics. 

Apart from conducting a strong analysis, a rhetorical analysis essay depends on how perfectly the essay outline is drafted. 

An outline organizes the raw information and makes it understandable for the readers. It serves as your compass, ensuring you stay on course throughout the rhetoric essay. It helps you structure your ideas and arguments, adding clarity to your essay writing process. 

Moreover, an outline works as a checklist for your essay. It assures you that nothing important is missed in the content.

Components of a Rhetorical Analysis Outline

Now that we've explored why creating an essay outline is essential, it's important to explore the different components of a rhetorical analysis outline. 

Here’s a detailed rhetorical analysis essay outline:

Each element plays a crucial role in crafting a well-structured and persuasive analysis, so let's explore them in detail:


The introduction of your rhetorical analysis essay serves as the gateway to your analysis. It's where you captivate your reader's interest, provide essential background information, and present your thesis statement. 

Here are the elements typically included in an introduction paragraph:

  • Hook The " hook " is a sentence or two designed to grab the reader's attention. It could be a thought-provoking quote, a surprising fact, or a compelling question. The purpose is to make your reader interested in what you're about to discuss—how an author uses rhetorical devices.
  • Background Information After the hook, provide some context. Here, you briefly introduce the text you're analyzing, the author or speaker, and the overall topic. It's like giving your reader a map to navigate through your analysis.
  • Thesis Statement The thesis statement is the main argument, your "claim." This concise sentence outlines what you'll be analyzing and what your main points will be. Your thesis should tell the reader what to expect in your analysis.

The body of your essay is where you dissect the author's persuasive techniques and reveal their impact on the audience. It contains sections dedicated to each rhetorical strategy you're examining. 

In these sections, you'll explain the strategies, provide evidence from the text, and offer your insightful analysis of their effectiveness. 

Section for Each Rhetorical Strategy

In the body paragraphs, you'll have sections dedicated to each rhetorical strategy you're analyzing. These sections each will focus on a different aspect of the text. For each strategy, you'll do three things:

  • Explanation of the Strategy Start by explaining what the rhetorical technique is. Define it clearly for your reader. This is like providing a dictionary definition.
  • Examples from the Text Next, provide examples from the text you're analyzing. These are specific quotes or passages where the author or speaker uses the strategy you're discussing. It's like showing your reader the evidence.
  • Analysis of the Effectiveness Finally, analyze how effective the strategy is. This is where you dive deep into the text and explain how and why the strategy persuades the audience. 

The conclusion should leave your readers with a sense of closure and a clear understanding of your analysis. 

You don't introduce new information or arguments in this section; instead, you tie everything together. Here are the three essential elements of an impactful essay conclusion:

  • Restate Thesis Start by restating your thesis to remind readers of your main argument. Repeating your main argument clearly helps the reader tie in all they have read in your essay.
  • Summarize Main Points Summarize the main points from each section of your analysis. This serves as a reminder of the highlights of your arguments made throughout the essay.
  • Final Thoughts Conclude by sharing your thoughts on how the author's strategies affect the audience and the text's broader importance. Encourage readers to consider these strategies' impact and the text's relevance.

This structure in your rhetorical analysis outline ensures that your analysis is clear, well-organized, and persuasive. Each component plays a crucial role in guiding your reader through your analysis.

Steps to Create a Rhetorical Analysis Essay Outline

Creating an essay outline is a crucial step in organizing your thoughts and effectively analyzing a piece of rhetoric. Here are the steps to craft an outline for a rhetorical analysis essay:

Step 1 - Choose the Text

Select the piece of rhetoric that you will be analyzing. It could be a speech, a written essay, an advertisement, a political campaign, or any other form of communication.

Step 2 - Identify Rhetorical Devices and Rhetorical Appeals

Look for rhetorical devices such as metaphor, simile, analogy, hyperbole, and alliteration. Analyze how these devices contribute to the message. Identify any repetition, parallelism, or rhetorical questions used in the text.

Moreover, look for common rhetorical appeals i,e., ethos, pathos, and logos.

Step 3 -  Analyze Appeals and Strategies in Each Section

For each argument, dedicate a body paragraph that will analyze how the author/speaker uses ethos, pathos, and logos.

Note the specific rhetorical devices used in each section and their impact.

Step 4 -  Consider the Effect on the Audience

While outlining the last body paragraph, add points that analyze how the appeals are intended to affect the audience.

Consider whether the author/speaker is trying to persuade, inform, entertain, or provoke a specific emotional response. Include specific examples and quotations from the text to support your analysis.

Step 5 -  Filter Out Extra Information

It's important to know what parts of the arguments should be included and which should be filtered out. 

After having a sketch of the introduction and body paragraphs, remove any information that might feel irrelevant.

Step 6 -  Conclude and Summarize

For the ending, make sure to restate your thesis statement. Include points that directly support your arguments and sum up your analysis.

These steps help you plan your essay for a well-structured, clear, and cohesive essay.

Here's a sample rhetorical analysis essay outline template that analyzes ethos, pathos and logos :

Here’s a practice outline:

Rhetorical Analysis Essay Outline Fill In The Blanks

Rhetorical Analysis Essay Outline Examples

Here are some rhetorical analysis essay outline pdf that you can use as reference outlines:

Rhetorical Analysis Essay Outline Ethos Pathos Logos

Rhetorical Analysis Essay Outline Ap Lang

Visual Rhetorical Analysis Essay Outline

Comparative Rhetorical Analysis Essay Outline

Rhetorical Analysis Essay Introduction Outline

Need more help getting started? Check out these expert rhetorical analysis essay examples to get inspired!

In conclusion, you've got the tools and examples you need to ace your rhetorical analysis essay. The steps we've gone through provide a strong starting point for your academic journey into analyzing persuasive writing. 

But if you ever hit a wall or need help with tight deadlines, don't forget our essay writing service . Our skilled writers have helped lots of students like you get top-notch essays.

So, why wait? Place your order now and set yourself up for academic success!

Nova A. (Literature, Marketing)

Nova Allison is a Digital Content Strategist with over eight years of experience. Nova has also worked as a technical and scientific writer. She is majorly involved in developing and reviewing online content plans that engage and resonate with audiences. Nova has a passion for writing that engages and informs her readers.

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  • How to write a literary analysis essay | A step-by-step guide

How to Write a Literary Analysis Essay | A Step-by-Step Guide

Published on January 30, 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on August 14, 2023.

Literary analysis means closely studying a text, interpreting its meanings, and exploring why the author made certain choices. It can be applied to novels, short stories, plays, poems, or any other form of literary writing.

A literary analysis essay is not a rhetorical analysis , nor is it just a summary of the plot or a book review. Instead, it is a type of argumentative essay where you need to analyze elements such as the language, perspective, and structure of the text, and explain how the author uses literary devices to create effects and convey ideas.

Before beginning a literary analysis essay, it’s essential to carefully read the text and c ome up with a thesis statement to keep your essay focused. As you write, follow the standard structure of an academic essay :

  • An introduction that tells the reader what your essay will focus on.
  • A main body, divided into paragraphs , that builds an argument using evidence from the text.
  • A conclusion that clearly states the main point that you have shown with your analysis.

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Table of contents

Step 1: reading the text and identifying literary devices, step 2: coming up with a thesis, step 3: writing a title and introduction, step 4: writing the body of the essay, step 5: writing a conclusion, other interesting articles.

The first step is to carefully read the text(s) and take initial notes. As you read, pay attention to the things that are most intriguing, surprising, or even confusing in the writing—these are things you can dig into in your analysis.

Your goal in literary analysis is not simply to explain the events described in the text, but to analyze the writing itself and discuss how the text works on a deeper level. Primarily, you’re looking out for literary devices —textual elements that writers use to convey meaning and create effects. If you’re comparing and contrasting multiple texts, you can also look for connections between different texts.

To get started with your analysis, there are several key areas that you can focus on. As you analyze each aspect of the text, try to think about how they all relate to each other. You can use highlights or notes to keep track of important passages and quotes.

Language choices

Consider what style of language the author uses. Are the sentences short and simple or more complex and poetic?

What word choices stand out as interesting or unusual? Are words used figuratively to mean something other than their literal definition? Figurative language includes things like metaphor (e.g. “her eyes were oceans”) and simile (e.g. “her eyes were like oceans”).

Also keep an eye out for imagery in the text—recurring images that create a certain atmosphere or symbolize something important. Remember that language is used in literary texts to say more than it means on the surface.

Narrative voice

Ask yourself:

  • Who is telling the story?
  • How are they telling it?

Is it a first-person narrator (“I”) who is personally involved in the story, or a third-person narrator who tells us about the characters from a distance?

Consider the narrator’s perspective . Is the narrator omniscient (where they know everything about all the characters and events), or do they only have partial knowledge? Are they an unreliable narrator who we are not supposed to take at face value? Authors often hint that their narrator might be giving us a distorted or dishonest version of events.

The tone of the text is also worth considering. Is the story intended to be comic, tragic, or something else? Are usually serious topics treated as funny, or vice versa ? Is the story realistic or fantastical (or somewhere in between)?

Consider how the text is structured, and how the structure relates to the story being told.

  • Novels are often divided into chapters and parts.
  • Poems are divided into lines, stanzas, and sometime cantos.
  • Plays are divided into scenes and acts.

Think about why the author chose to divide the different parts of the text in the way they did.

There are also less formal structural elements to take into account. Does the story unfold in chronological order, or does it jump back and forth in time? Does it begin in medias res —in the middle of the action? Does the plot advance towards a clearly defined climax?

With poetry, consider how the rhyme and meter shape your understanding of the text and your impression of the tone. Try reading the poem aloud to get a sense of this.

In a play, you might consider how relationships between characters are built up through different scenes, and how the setting relates to the action. Watch out for  dramatic irony , where the audience knows some detail that the characters don’t, creating a double meaning in their words, thoughts, or actions.

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self analysis essay outline

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Your thesis in a literary analysis essay is the point you want to make about the text. It’s the core argument that gives your essay direction and prevents it from just being a collection of random observations about a text.

If you’re given a prompt for your essay, your thesis must answer or relate to the prompt. For example:

Essay question example

Is Franz Kafka’s “Before the Law” a religious parable?

Your thesis statement should be an answer to this question—not a simple yes or no, but a statement of why this is or isn’t the case:

Thesis statement example

Franz Kafka’s “Before the Law” is not a religious parable, but a story about bureaucratic alienation.

Sometimes you’ll be given freedom to choose your own topic; in this case, you’ll have to come up with an original thesis. Consider what stood out to you in the text; ask yourself questions about the elements that interested you, and consider how you might answer them.

Your thesis should be something arguable—that is, something that you think is true about the text, but which is not a simple matter of fact. It must be complex enough to develop through evidence and arguments across the course of your essay.

Say you’re analyzing the novel Frankenstein . You could start by asking yourself:

Your initial answer might be a surface-level description:

The character Frankenstein is portrayed negatively in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein .

However, this statement is too simple to be an interesting thesis. After reading the text and analyzing its narrative voice and structure, you can develop the answer into a more nuanced and arguable thesis statement:

Mary Shelley uses shifting narrative perspectives to portray Frankenstein in an increasingly negative light as the novel goes on. While he initially appears to be a naive but sympathetic idealist, after the creature’s narrative Frankenstein begins to resemble—even in his own telling—the thoughtlessly cruel figure the creature represents him as.

Remember that you can revise your thesis statement throughout the writing process , so it doesn’t need to be perfectly formulated at this stage. The aim is to keep you focused as you analyze the text.

Finding textual evidence

To support your thesis statement, your essay will build an argument using textual evidence —specific parts of the text that demonstrate your point. This evidence is quoted and analyzed throughout your essay to explain your argument to the reader.

It can be useful to comb through the text in search of relevant quotations before you start writing. You might not end up using everything you find, and you may have to return to the text for more evidence as you write, but collecting textual evidence from the beginning will help you to structure your arguments and assess whether they’re convincing.

To start your literary analysis paper, you’ll need two things: a good title, and an introduction.

Your title should clearly indicate what your analysis will focus on. It usually contains the name of the author and text(s) you’re analyzing. Keep it as concise and engaging as possible.

A common approach to the title is to use a relevant quote from the text, followed by a colon and then the rest of your title.

If you struggle to come up with a good title at first, don’t worry—this will be easier once you’ve begun writing the essay and have a better sense of your arguments.

“Fearful symmetry” : The violence of creation in William Blake’s “The Tyger”

The introduction

The essay introduction provides a quick overview of where your argument is going. It should include your thesis statement and a summary of the essay’s structure.

A typical structure for an introduction is to begin with a general statement about the text and author, using this to lead into your thesis statement. You might refer to a commonly held idea about the text and show how your thesis will contradict it, or zoom in on a particular device you intend to focus on.

Then you can end with a brief indication of what’s coming up in the main body of the essay. This is called signposting. It will be more elaborate in longer essays, but in a short five-paragraph essay structure, it shouldn’t be more than one sentence.

Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is often read as a crude cautionary tale about the dangers of scientific advancement unrestrained by ethical considerations. In this reading, protagonist Victor Frankenstein is a stable representation of the callous ambition of modern science throughout the novel. This essay, however, argues that far from providing a stable image of the character, Shelley uses shifting narrative perspectives to portray Frankenstein in an increasingly negative light as the novel goes on. While he initially appears to be a naive but sympathetic idealist, after the creature’s narrative Frankenstein begins to resemble—even in his own telling—the thoughtlessly cruel figure the creature represents him as. This essay begins by exploring the positive portrayal of Frankenstein in the first volume, then moves on to the creature’s perception of him, and finally discusses the third volume’s narrative shift toward viewing Frankenstein as the creature views him.

Some students prefer to write the introduction later in the process, and it’s not a bad idea. After all, you’ll have a clearer idea of the overall shape of your arguments once you’ve begun writing them!

If you do write the introduction first, you should still return to it later to make sure it lines up with what you ended up writing, and edit as necessary.

The body of your essay is everything between the introduction and conclusion. It contains your arguments and the textual evidence that supports them.

Paragraph structure

A typical structure for a high school literary analysis essay consists of five paragraphs : the three paragraphs of the body, plus the introduction and conclusion.

Each paragraph in the main body should focus on one topic. In the five-paragraph model, try to divide your argument into three main areas of analysis, all linked to your thesis. Don’t try to include everything you can think of to say about the text—only analysis that drives your argument.

In longer essays, the same principle applies on a broader scale. For example, you might have two or three sections in your main body, each with multiple paragraphs. Within these sections, you still want to begin new paragraphs at logical moments—a turn in the argument or the introduction of a new idea.

Robert’s first encounter with Gil-Martin suggests something of his sinister power. Robert feels “a sort of invisible power that drew me towards him.” He identifies the moment of their meeting as “the beginning of a series of adventures which has puzzled myself, and will puzzle the world when I am no more in it” (p. 89). Gil-Martin’s “invisible power” seems to be at work even at this distance from the moment described; before continuing the story, Robert feels compelled to anticipate at length what readers will make of his narrative after his approaching death. With this interjection, Hogg emphasizes the fatal influence Gil-Martin exercises from his first appearance.

Topic sentences

To keep your points focused, it’s important to use a topic sentence at the beginning of each paragraph.

A good topic sentence allows a reader to see at a glance what the paragraph is about. It can introduce a new line of argument and connect or contrast it with the previous paragraph. Transition words like “however” or “moreover” are useful for creating smooth transitions:

… The story’s focus, therefore, is not upon the divine revelation that may be waiting beyond the door, but upon the mundane process of aging undergone by the man as he waits.

Nevertheless, the “radiance” that appears to stream from the door is typically treated as religious symbolism.

This topic sentence signals that the paragraph will address the question of religious symbolism, while the linking word “nevertheless” points out a contrast with the previous paragraph’s conclusion.

Using textual evidence

A key part of literary analysis is backing up your arguments with relevant evidence from the text. This involves introducing quotes from the text and explaining their significance to your point.

It’s important to contextualize quotes and explain why you’re using them; they should be properly introduced and analyzed, not treated as self-explanatory:

It isn’t always necessary to use a quote. Quoting is useful when you’re discussing the author’s language, but sometimes you’ll have to refer to plot points or structural elements that can’t be captured in a short quote.

In these cases, it’s more appropriate to paraphrase or summarize parts of the text—that is, to describe the relevant part in your own words:

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self analysis essay outline

The conclusion of your analysis shouldn’t introduce any new quotations or arguments. Instead, it’s about wrapping up the essay. Here, you summarize your key points and try to emphasize their significance to the reader.

A good way to approach this is to briefly summarize your key arguments, and then stress the conclusion they’ve led you to, highlighting the new perspective your thesis provides on the text as a whole:

If you want to know more about AI tools , college essays , or fallacies make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples or go directly to our tools!

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By tracing the depiction of Frankenstein through the novel’s three volumes, I have demonstrated how the narrative structure shifts our perception of the character. While the Frankenstein of the first volume is depicted as having innocent intentions, the second and third volumes—first in the creature’s accusatory voice, and then in his own voice—increasingly undermine him, causing him to appear alternately ridiculous and vindictive. Far from the one-dimensional villain he is often taken to be, the character of Frankenstein is compelling because of the dynamic narrative frame in which he is placed. In this frame, Frankenstein’s narrative self-presentation responds to the images of him we see from others’ perspectives. This conclusion sheds new light on the novel, foregrounding Shelley’s unique layering of narrative perspectives and its importance for the depiction of character.

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Initial Self Analysis, Essay Example

Pages: 5

Words: 1357

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You are free to use it as an inspiration or a source for your own work.

My strengths and weaknesses as a communicator.

In communicating I am aware that I have the courage to talk to people. I can address a crowd of people however large the crowd maybe. I never fear what they will think of me.  I am also convincing when I am handling a huge crowd. I can entice them to listen to me and also to buy my ideas. This is one aspect I like so much about me.

I am also a charismatic speaker. I can communicate to other in an organised and clear manner delivering the message I so wished to pass. While I am speaking no one complains of my not hearing me audibly.

I am a very good listener. I always listen to what others have to say while in a conversation. Through listening I am able to give confidence to the speaker to carry on. This also enables me to get the message from the speaker. I also believe that I have a good command of the English language. Being my first language, I have learned and mastered the English language very well.

I am not a dominating person when it comes to communicating with others. I let others say anything while in a conversation. This allows them to express themselves clearly. I believe in giving an equal opportunity to all in a conversation with others.

However, despite my strengths as highlighted above, I have weaknesses that are inherent in me. First while in a conversation, I at time give too much time to the others in the conversation and end up saying very little. When in an argument, I also tend to be quite. The person that I was in an argument with then takes advantage of me.

Reactions to classroom discussion materials.

Most of the class members liked the materials that were presented for discussion by the instructor. We all received the materials and studied it well before the class discussion. One such material was an article on pronunciation. When the article was distributed, almost everyone could be heard reading it aloud. The following day almost all of us carried our dictionaries to the class. The article was very educating.

Secondly we were given an article on tongue twisters. Some tongue twisters were very difficult to pronounce. During tea break, most of the students could be heard repeatedly repeating some of the sentences. The tongue twisters were a very good aid to help us improve on our diction and pronunciation.

Then the instructor brought an article on interpreting pictures. At the start, we were wondering why the instructor had brought up an article like that. He however explained that communication also involves pictures. We were all so amazed at how much information can be deduced from a picture by just looking at its colours, lighting, texture and size.

The instructor then gave us a discussion material that dealt with team work. Many students ruled it out as not useful. However after the presentation, we were all in agreement that we had learned a lot from the article. It involves each individual playing a different role in a group and then the rest of the group analysing his action.

Self evaluation of the group.

My group consisted of people who were willing and curious to learn. We met four times a week and the discussions were very lively. We all came for the discussion well prepared for discussion topics. Once the discussion topic was determined, it was communicated well in advance to ensure that we researched well on it.

Among the group members, no one particular person was domineering over the others. We all seemed to be people who were more concerned in learning than showing off. None among us pretended to know more than the rest. So during the group meetings, we were always peaceful. It also seemed like though everyone minded about the development of the other person. When someone did not understand what we were discussing, we all took our time to explain it to him or her till such a person understood.

During the preparation of the presentation, everyone in the team group genuinely contributed to the presentation. We ensured that no one was left behind during the preparation. We researched on the topic of presentation as a group and each one gave his or her penny of contribution.

However during the preparation, we experienced difficulties of group members failing to keep time. Many came late on a number of occasions. This tended to delay the progress of our presentation since we did not want to leave any member behind.

During the preparation I learned that working as a group makes things easy and faster to do than doing them alone. While working as a group we subdivided the tasks into smaller tasks that were assigned to each individual in the group. This enabled the assignment to be completed quickly. During the presentation everything went on as we had planned. Everyone was in at the presentation and where the presenter could not answer a query, another group member helped him or her out.

Final self-analysis.

The assignments have enabled me to improve my communication skills, both written and oral. To start with, the assignment has added my courage. During the preparation of the presentation, I had to make a presentation to the group members to convey my ideas. This has made me more courageous when dealing with people.

Secondly, the assignment has sharpened my listening skills. During the course of the assignments, I had to listen keenly to the instructor and also to the group members. I have learnt that by just listening to others I am able to recall that which I heard and had listened to it keenly.

Again the assignments have made me to learn to respect the views of others. During the discussions, many diverse views were expressed and as a group we had to listen to what the others were saying. I first listened carefully before airing my views on the issue. Through this we were able to agree as a group on what to take from the diverse views. I believe that I respect others views currently that I did before I took the course.

The course has enabled me to improve my diction. Though I could pronounce words well before the course, I am able to pronounce them freely now and with no worry of mispronouncing any. During the discussions, the group members made sure that no one pronounced words wrongly. We always had dictionaries for our use in aiding us to pronounce words well.

The course has also enabled me to e better team player. Initially I used to study alone. However after we were organised into groups, I realised that we were getting things done faster than before. We used to subdivide work and share the small pieces of assignment among ourselves after which each worked on his or her bit. Once we all had completed our assignments, we then assembled pieces into one assignment. This has shown me that working as a group gets things done efficiently and effectively.

The assignments have also made me improve my handwriting. During the group discussion most of the people complained that my handwriting was not very visible. At times I had to read some sentences I had written down to the group members since they could not see it well. I took this as a challenge and decided that I had to improve my handwriting. With time my group members congratulated me for the improvement they noted on my handwriting. Now they all tell me that I have the best handwriting in the group.

Working as a group has some weaknesses among them being time wastage. During the assignments, we always had to wait for everyone to catch up. At times the same topic had to be repeated severally to ensure that they all understood. This repetition caused delays and time wastage.

At times there were also disagreements among the group members. In particular, there is this slim gentleman who kept on opposing everything I said; even when he knew that I was right. At times I felt very nauseated on hearing him oppose my views. I will find it hard to forgive and forget this gentleman.

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