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How science REALLY works...
- Understanding Science 101
- Scientific findings frequently benefit society through technological and other innovations.
- Technological innovations may lead to new scientific breakthroughs.
- Some scientists are motivated by potential applications of their research.
Benefits of science
The process of science is a way of building knowledge about the universe — constructing new ideas that illuminate the world around us. Those ideas are inherently tentative, but as they cycle through the process of science again and again and are tested and retested in different ways, we become increasingly confident in them. Furthermore, through this same iterative process, ideas are modified, expanded, and combined into more powerful explanations. For example, a few observations about inheritance patterns in garden peas can — over many years and through the work of many different scientists — be built into the broad understanding of genetics offered by science today. So although the process of science is iterative, ideas do not churn through it repetitively. Instead, the cycle actively serves to construct and integrate scientific knowledge.
And that knowledge is useful for all sorts of things: designing bridges, slowing climate change, and prompting frequent hand washing during flu season. Scientific knowledge allows us to develop new technologies , solve practical problems, and make informed decisions — both individually and collectively. Because its products are so useful, the process of science is intertwined with those applications:
- New scientific knowledge may lead to new applications. For example, the discovery of the structure of DNA was a fundamental breakthrough in biology. It formed the underpinnings of research that would ultimately lead to a wide variety of practical applications, including DNA fingerprinting, genetically engineered crops, and tests for genetic diseases.
- New technological advances may lead to new scientific discoveries. For example, developing DNA copying and sequencing technologies has led to important breakthroughs in many areas of biology, especially in the reconstruction of the evolutionary relationships among organisms.
- Potential applications may motivate scientific investigations. For example, the possibility of engineering microorganisms to cheaply produce drugs for diseases like malaria motivates many researchers in the field to continue their studies of microbe genetics.
The process of science and you
This flowchart represents the process of formal science, but in fact, many aspects of this process are relevant to everyone and can be used in your everyday life. Sure, some elements of the process really only apply to formal science (e.g., publication, feedback from the scientific community), but others are widely applicable to everyday situations (e.g., asking questions, gathering evidence, solving practical problems). Understanding the process of science can help anyone develop a scientific outlook on life.
- Take a sidetrip
To find out how to develop a scientific outlook, visit A scientific approach to life: A science toolkit .
- Science in action
- Teaching resources
Scientific results regularly make their way into our everyday lives. Follow scientific ideas from lab bench to application:
- The structure of DNA: Cooperation and competition
- Ozone depletion: Uncovering the hidden hazard of hairspray
Want to learn even more about the relationship between science and its applications? Jump ahead to these units:
- Science and society
- What has science done for you lately?
- Use our web interactive to help students document and reflect on the process of science.
- Learn strategies for building lessons and activities around the Science Flowchart: Grades 3-5 Grades 6-8 Grades 9-12 Grades 13-16
- Find lesson plans for introducing the Science Flowchart to your students in: Grades 3-5 Grades 6-8 Grades 9-16
- Get graphics and pdfs of the Science Flowchart to use in your classroom. Translations are available in Spanish, French, Japanese, and Swahili.
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Home — Essay Samples — Education — Learning — Why Science is Important
Why Science is Important
- Categories: Discovery Learning
About this sample
Words: 551 |
Published: Sep 16, 2023
Words: 551 | Page: 1 | 3 min read
Table of contents
1. advancing knowledge and understanding, 2. technological innovation and progress, 3. evidence-based decision-making, 4. addressing global challenges, 5. fostering critical thinking, 6. enhancing healthcare and medicine, 7. fueling economic growth, 8. cultural and artistic inspiration.
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- Posted November 13, 2015
- By Leah Shafer
The push for STEM initiatives — coding workshops for elementary school children, or extended-day science experiments for middle school students — reigns at the forefront of the education conversation today. But anyone in the classroom knows that science can be a tough subject to teach, with educators at times overwhelmed with the amount of material to cover, and students simultaneously discouraged with the amount to master.
As STEM enthusiasm percolates, the teaching of science — its importance, its challenges — isn’t always part of the conversation. Usable Knowledge spoke with two Harvard faculty members, one an experienced high school teacher and the other a philosopher of science, whose thoughts may help to reframe and revitalize the mission of science education. Both argue that science should be much more than the rote memorization of theories, formulas, and vocabulary. It should be an education in problem solving and collaboration.
Science as Skill Building
HGSE Lecturer Victor Pereira , who taught high school science for more than a decade before becoming the master teacher in residence (science) in the new Harvard Teacher Fellows Program , knows the challenges firsthand. Classes can vary hugely in terms of students’ prior knowledge, experiences, and interest in the subject, he says. By the time they reach high school, many students are wary of science, thinking the material is boring and useless, or that they themselves are incapable of learning it. And building an understanding of science depends on acquiring a new and complicated vocabulary, which can be odious to teach and to learn.
To confront these obstacles, educators should help their students approach science as more than an academic subject, Pereira says. “The nature of science itself is: make observations of the natural world, try and identify patterns, ask questions, find answers, ask more questions,” he explains. “It’s solving. It’s a way of thinking.” He argues that educators should portray science as acquiring skills, rather than memorizing facts. If the classroom focuses on the scientific process of discovery, more students will be engaged in the subject matter.
Collaborative Search for Truth
To uncover new knowledge and advance their fields, scientists have to be trustworthy themselves. After all, they want their findings to contribute to the discovery of truth — an underlying goal of any scientific inquiry. What’s more, scientists know that the public depends on them to publish accurate research that will lead to necessary advances in health and technology. To meet these expectations, findings must be honestly and meticulously recorded. Because this trustworthiness is a moral attribute, Elgin maintains, scientific inquiry is a moral activity.
But how does this connect to science education?
Elgin explains that the process of learning science reinforces these attributes. Chemistry majors cannot become chemists — and high schoolers cannot pass their chemistry labs — if, as students, they do not work together, double–check their assignments, and remain honest in their reports.
“Science does not happen on an island or in isolation,” Pereira says. It’s the science teacher’s responsibility to make sure that students understand the importance of collaborating, along with staying organized and paying attention to detail.
Fostering Engaged Learners
These interrelated characteristics of science education — the process of discovery and the collaboration on trustworthy results — are not mutually exclusive. Pereira believes that science teachers should encourage their students to look at scientific advancements through an ethical lens, looking for patterns and asking questions about scientific developments. Science teachers should help students think critically about current technologies made possible by science, and reflect on whether future technologies will be morally acceptable.
The payoff of stepping back to consider the purpose of science education? Increased student engagement, Pereira says. Like all of us, students want to learn what’s important. “The science teacher has to make sure that the class is relevant to what’s happening in students’ lives, and that they know how they can apply it,” he says.
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Essay on Science in Everyday Life
500 Words Essay On Science in Everyday Life
Science is a big blessing to humanity. Furthermore, science, in spite of some of its negativities, makes lives better for people by removing ignorance, suffering and hardship. Let us take a look at the impact of science in our lives with this essay on science in everyday life.
Essay On Science In Everyday Life
Benefits of Science
Science very efficiently plays the role of being a faithful servant of man. In every walk of life, science is there to serve us. We require the benefits of science whether in our home, in office, in a factory, or outside.
Gone are the days when only wealthy people could afford luxuries. Science has made many luxurious items of the past cheaper in price and has brought them within the reach of everybody.
Computer technology is one huge benefit of science. Nowadays, it would be unimaginable to consider living without computing technology.
A huge number of professions now rely totally on the computer and the internet. Besides, the computer and the internet have become our biggest source of entertainment in our everyday life.
Automobiles, an important scientific invention, has made our lives easy by significantly reducing everyday commuting time. The air conditioner is another scientific invention that has made our lives bearable and comfortable in the face of extreme weather conditions. Also, in the field of medical science, high-quality medicines are available that quickly remove any ailment that can happen in everyday life like headache, sprain, cough, allergy, stomach ache, fatigue etc.
Dark Side of Science
In spite of its tremendous benefits, there is a negative side to science. Science, unfortunately, has also done some disservice to humanity due to some of its inventions.
One of the biggest harms that science has brought to humanity is in the field of armament. Although some hail the invention of gunpowder as a great achievement, humanity must rue the day when this invention happened.
Steadily and relentlessly, the use and perfection of gunpowder have taken place in many new and more destructive weapons. As such, humanity now suffers due to weapons like shells, bombs, artillery, and guns. Such weapons threaten the everyday life of all individuals.
Another disservice of science has been the emission of pollution. A huge amount of radioactive pollution is emitted in various parts of the world where nuclear energy production happens. Such pollution is very dangerous as it can cause cancer, radioactive sickness, and cardiovascular disease.
Of course, who can ignore the massive amount of air pollution caused by automobiles, another scientific invention. Furthermore, automobiles are an everyday part of our lives that emit unimaginable levels of carbon monoxide in the air every year. Consequently, this causes various lung diseases and also contributes to global warming and acid rain.
Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas
Conclusion of the Essay on Science in Everyday Life
There is no doubt that science has brought about one of the greatest benefits to mankind, in spite of some of its negativities. Furthermore, science certainly has made the most impact in adding comfort to our everyday lives. As such, we must always show utmost respect to scientists for their efforts.
FAQs for Essay on Science in Everyday Life
Question 1: What is the most important or main purpose of science?
Answer 1: The most important or main purpose of science is to explain the facts. Furthermore, there is no restriction in science to explain facts at random. Moreover, science systematizes the facts and builds up theories that give an explanation of such facts.
Question 2: Explain what is a scientific fact?
Answer 2: A scientific fact refers to a repeatable careful observation or measurement that takes place by experimentation or other means. Furthermore, a scientific fact is also called empirical evidence. Most noteworthy, scientific facts are key for the building of scientific theories.
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Science Essay Examples
8 Impressive Science Essay Examples for Students
Published on: Dec 1, 2022
Last updated on: Oct 16, 2023
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Are you looking for examples of science essays?
We all know that writing a good science essay can be tough, whether you are a school or college student. It's hard to know where to start and how to make your essay interesting.
But there is a solution! Reading some good examples can help!
Below are eight science essay examples you can use as inspiration for your own science essay.
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Reading sample essays is a great way to get a sense of what makes for a good science essay. These essay samples may cover a range of scientific topics, including science and technology , science fiction , science fair and science in everyday life .
You can also learn from the way experienced writers approach the task. So check these out!
Science Essay Examples For Students
Science Essay Example For Students - PDF Example
Science Essay Examples For College Students
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Natural Science Essay Examples
Biomedical Science Essay Example - Free PDF
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Science Essay Writing Tips
Now that you have read through some great science essay examples, it's time to learn how to write a science essay yourself.
If you're a student of the sciences, you probably have some experience with science essays. Whether you love them or hate them, there's no denying that science essays are a part of life for anyone who wants to pursue a career in science.
The good news is that, with a little practice, writing a science essay can be an easy and rewarding experience.
The following tips will help you write the best science essay possible.
Pick a Good Topic
The first step to writing a great science essay is to pick a good topic. Try to pick something you're interested in and know at least something about. A good topic will make the writing process much easier and more enjoyable.
Here are a few examples of good science essay topics.
- The Benefits of Organic Foods
- The Advancements in Stem Cell Research
- The Importance of Recycling
- The Negative Effects of Pollution
- The Positive Effects of Exercise
- Ethical Issues in Scientific Experimentation
- The Advantages and Disadvantages of Alternative Energy Sources
- The Dangers of Smoking
- The Benefits of a Healthy Diet
- How to Save the Environment
Need more topics? Check out this blog with more than 150 interestin g science essay topics .
Do Your Research
Before you start writing any essay, it's important to do your research. This is especially true for science essays, where you need to have a strong understanding of the topic you're writing about.
The best way to do your research is to gather information from reliable sources. Make sure to read articles, books, and other materials from experts in the field. You will get a better understanding of the topic, and it will help you write a more persuasive essay.
This will give you material to work with when it comes time to write your essay.
In short, once you've chosen a topic, it's time to do some research. Gather as much information as you can about your topic from reliable sources.
Make an Outline
Now that you have all of your research gathered, it's time to start organizing it into an outline for your essay.
In the outline, list all of the main points you want to make and the supporting evidence you found through research.
Additionally, decide the structure your essay should follow. Having an outline will help you structure your thoughts and keep your essay on track.
Start Your First Draft
Once you’ve done your research and made an outline, start working on the first draft of your essay.
Write Your Introduction
Your introduction should introduce the reader to your topic and give some background information on the scientific concepts involved.
It should also include a thesis statement—a brief statement that summarizes what you'll discuss in your essay.
Write Your Body Paragraphs
Each body paragraph should focus on one main idea related to your thesis statement. A body paragraph begins with a topic sentence, which tells the reader what the paragraph is about.
Moreover, you should include evidence from your research to support each main idea.
In other words, the body paragraph consists of a topic sentence and evidence. It also shows how the evidence is related to the main thesis of the essay.
Write the Conclusion
In your conclusion, provide a summary of everything that you've discussed in your essay and reiterate your thesis statement.
Make sure you don’t introduce any new points in the conclusion. However, you may leave the reader with food for thought.
Edit and Revise
After you've written your first draft, take some time to edit and revise it.
Make sure each sentence is clear and concise and that all of your ideas are properly supported by evidence.
Editing and revision are two of the most important steps in the writing process.
Editing is the process of reviewing your work to make sure its grammar and style are correct. Revision is the process of revisiting your work and making changes to improve it.
Editing and revision are essential for producing a high-quality piece of writing. So make sure you don't skip this step!
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Get Feedback From Someone Else
Once you're satisfied with your edit, ask someone else (preferably an experienced science essay writer) to read it over and give their feedback.
Having your essay proofread by others can help you pick up on mistakes that you might have missed. It can also help you identify areas where your argument may be unclear or could use more evidence to support your claims.
Getting feedback is an important part of the writing process, so make sure you take the time to do it.
Finalize Your Essay
Finally, polish up your formatting and page layout, and you're good to go! Make sure that your essay follows the formatting guidelines provided by your instructor.
Here are some general formatting rules:
- Use standard font, such as Times New Roman
- Set the font size to 12 point
- Double-space your essay
- Include page numbers
- 1-inch margins on both sides
- Indent the first line of every paragraph
By following these simple tips, you can write a great science essay without too much trouble. Just remember to choose a good topic, do your research, make an outline, and edit & revise your final draft before submitting it.
Writing a science essay can be daunting, but it doesn't have to be. With the samples and tips provided in this blog, you will surely ace it!
Do you need help writing a science essay? Our science essay writing service will write it for you!
Our essay writing service consists of experienced writers who can help you write a high-quality essay that will get you the grade you deserve. We always meet deadlines and provide affordable prices. You can also use our essay typer to write your essays for free.
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Betty is a freelance writer and researcher. She has a Masters in literature and enjoys providing writing services to her clients. Betty is an avid reader and loves learning new things. She has provided writing services to clients from all academic levels and related academic fields.
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Largest Compilation of Structured Essays and Exams
Importance of Science Essay | Importance of Science in our Daily Life
December 19, 2017 by Study Mentor Leave a Comment
Men on the moon, cure for incurable diseases, a workstation that can fit in the palm of our hands, space travel! All these marvels that the world has witnessed, is the outcome of the advancement in the human understanding of how the universe works, how life works or in short, Science.
According to the oxford dictionary, “ Science is the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment”.
Science has played an important role in human history, even more than we can begin to comprehend. Scientists nowadays are respected, revered and looked up to. But it hasn’t also been this way, and there was a time when these very scientists were shun by society.
Table of Contents
The study of science began when the early man began to get curious of his surroundings and began wondering how things worked. While there were some who believed that nature was God and that natural events and phenomenon like lightning are acts of God, there were some who questioned these events and tried to understand and figure out why they occurred.
This sense of curiosity eventually divided the society into factions; one who thought each and every occurrence is the doing of an all-powerful entity and those who believed that there is a logical and scientific reasoning behind these events.
This eventually lead to clashes between these two factions and the former being in majority, the scientists, thinkers, artists and philosophers ultimately suffered. For example, the world was of the opinion that planet Earth was the center of the universe and the sun, stars and other planets revolved around it.
A scientist and inventor named Galileo Galilei was one of the first ones to oppose this idea and proposed that earth is merely a planet among others in the solar system and they all revolve around the sun.
He was imprisoned for opposing the common belief, but ended up inventing the telescope which enabled humans to gaze into space and observe other celestial bodies.
He has made many more of such discoveries and is regarded as the Father of Modern Science. As times changed, science gained more prominence in daily life and society slowly began accepting its inevitable importance.
Science has had a major impact on human development as a whole. From the accidental invention of fire, to the creation of tools by the Paleolithic man, to the important invention of the wheel, to the advent of automatic equipment’s, furnaces and automobiles, science has been the stepping stone to advancement.
Science has helped save millions of lives by oiling the advancements in the medical field. Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin; a vital medicine that could act as an antidote against a variety of infections and helped saved an astonishing amount of lives during the war, where soldiers were succumbing to infections on account of injuries during battle.
Many diseases which were believed to be incurable have been gotten rid of thanks to the astonishing advancements in the field of microbiology. We now have procedures that can detect even minutest of irregularities in the human.
We have tests that can diagnose the most complex of ailments. Science has also been a major driving factor in the advancement of technology. Tasks which would usually require hours of manual labor can now be done in minutes.
There is no need any more to carry multiple instruments and devices like the calculator, Walkman, flashlight, portable DVD players etc. as all these features come included in the modern day smartphone, which could easily fit in the palm of your hand.
Though scientific development has been a remarkable for the progress of the human race, there have been times when science has been more of a curse.
The Manhattan Project, an operation that employed Dr. Robert Oppenheimer, was responsible for the creation of the atomic bombs that ultimately caused devastating destruction in the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
It was science that enabled the building of such destructive weapons, and it is science that is enabling the creation of many more to come.
Despite of these woes, it is very clear that science is an important and irreplaceable component of human existence.
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Essay on Science
Children are curious about many things, and they ask questions about what they see around them. Sometimes, they will be eager to know how a fan works or milk turns into curd. So, it would be interesting to teach them that science has an answer to all their queries. This is the perfect time and age to introduce them to the wonder of science through this essay on science.
Science has seen tremendous progress over the years, and we are able to lead a comfortable life because of many scientific inventions and discoveries. Today, everything is run on a machine, and we attribute this success to science. Through this essay on science in English, we will make our children realise its significance and influence in our lives.
Importance of Science
Without science, we would not have reached anywhere, and the comforts we see around us like fans, grinders, washing machines or laptops would not have existed. In this importance of science essay, we will discuss some aspects where science has contributed largely to society.
Can you imagine a day without smartphones? From calling friends and families who are countries apart and sending messages to them to transferring money and paying the bills, science has opened a new world before our eyes through the invention of smartphones. Moreover, it was difficult to travel long distances earlier, but now, we have motor vehicles, metro rails, and bullet trains that make it easy to travel far within a short time.
We have also heard the news of people landing on the moon, and this is the greatest achievement so far in the scientific realm. Likewise, this essay on science emphasises that it would not have been possible without science to stay cool during hot summers or cook our favourite dishes.
Uses of Science
In this part of the essay on science in English, we will see the uses of science in different fields and sectors. This will make children aware of the huge influence of science in our lives and society. We have already seen how science has contributed in the areas of transportation and communication in the previous section. Let us now see its impact on other fields through the importance of science essay.
The field of medicine has hugely benefited from science as it led to the discovery of medical equipment that cured many diseases. In addition, many agricultural activities have become easy due to the influence of science. With special machines for sowing the seeds and drip irrigation systems, science has taken agriculture to a different level.
Thus, this essay on science emphasises that science has and will continue to amaze us in different ways. So, let us nurture the curiosity of our children through such amazing essays from BYJU’S.
Frequently Asked Questions on Essay on Science
Why is it necessary to study science.
Science is a vast field that teaches many things about the natural and social world. It has made our lives easier with the invention of several gadgets and machinery. So, by studying science, children can also be a part of such discoveries.
Name some famous scientists of the world.
Dr A.P.J Abdul Kalam was a leading scientist whose creation of advanced missiles earned him a place in India’s space research and defence forces. Isaac Newton and Thomas Alva Edison are other recognised scientists whose theories about gravity and the invention of the light bulb respectively revolutionised the field of science.
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Essay on Importance of Science
The present era is the era of science. Science has undoubtedly done a great service to mankind. Man, a rational being, has been curious to explore mysteries of nature and this led to many discoveries being made in various part of the world. But he is never satisfied with the acquired knowledge and is always keen to unravelle mysteries of the universe. He has conquered the land and air. His incredible lust for knowledge has revolutionised human life and raised the standard of life. He was able to invent innumerable ways of making his life comfortable and happy. Every sphere of life has been revolutionised by science.
There have been innumerable inventions. One of the greatest inventions is the invention of medicines. There has been a series of tests carried out using animals as subjects and various medicines have been tried out on these animals to check their efficacy. Many fatal diseases can now be cured because we have the drug to fight those diseases. It has reduced the rate of infant mortality and increased the life span. Before these inventions millions of people died for lack of medical care.
Science has given us many machines that have made our lives very comfortable. Buses, cars, sewing machines, mixes, grinders, etc. are all machines that are used every day by us and the discovery of electricity has made it possible for us to change night into day and summer into a comfortable cool season
It is now easy to cultivate fields as we have tractors. New forms of irrigation are now being employed. It is easier to protect the crops because of the use of various chemicals and pesticides. Even mosquitoes can be driven away because of the discoveries made in science.
It has enabled man to entertain himself in many ways. TV, radio, video and the cinema are all popular means of entertainment. Besides entertainment they educate the masses. Today the computer has made life even more easy for us. The press, the means of communication, etc. have all improved because of science and its gifts to us.
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South China Morning Post
Xi-Biden summit: leaders agree to revisit historic science and technology pact
Posted: November 17, 2023 | Last updated: November 17, 2023
- The agreement signed in 1979 has survived 44 years of diplomatic ups and downs but could lapse within months if not renegotiated
- During their meeting the two presidents stress the importance of scientific cooperation to the countries' common interests
Chinese President Xi Jinping and his US counterpart Joe Biden have agreed that negotiations will start on renewing a decades-old science and technology agreement (STA).
The decision - one of several positive outcomes from Wednesday's summit in California - was announced by Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi after the Xi-Biden talks at a secluded country estate just south of San Francisco.
The STA was the first major pact to be signed by the US and China when they established relations in 1979. It survived 44 years of diplomatic ups and downs between Beijing and Washington and was renewed every five years - until this year.
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Right before it was due to expire in August, Washington extended the pact for six months so the two sides could "renegotiate the deal" and address concerns over issues such as research reciprocity and the military use of high technologies.
At the time, the US State Department said the terms of the STA needed to be "amended and strengthened", without specifying what changes were under consideration.
During their meeting, both leaders stressed the importance of cooperation in science and technology.
Xi said that China and the US "share common interests in a wide range of areas, including traditional areas such as the economy and agriculture, and emerging areas such as climate change and artificial intelligence".
"Today, our common interests have increased, not decreased," he told Biden, adding that it was "important" to cooperate in areas like counter-narcotics, judicial and law enforcement, AI, and science and technology.
Biden said that the US was ready to strengthen cooperation with China in climate change, counter-narcotics and AI, and would be glad to see more educational, scientific and technological, as well as personal exchanges between the two countries.
China replaced Britain as the United States' top scientific partner in 2011, prompting political concerns in the US that American dominance in science and technology could be threatened by agreements like the STA.
But according to Caroline Wagner, a science policy expert from Ohio State University, in the late 1970s science was seen by US and Chinese diplomats as "a low-conflict activity, comparable to cultural exchange".
Oldest US-China science deal up in the air as Washington seeks to 'amend terms'
"They figured starting with a non-threatening scientific agreement could pave the way for later discussions on more politically sensitive issues," she wrote, in an article published by Australian-based independent media outlet The Conversation in August.
Early collaboration under the agreement - signed by then leaders Jimmy Carter and Deng Xiaoping on July 28, 1979 - was mostly symbolic, "but substantive collaborations grew over time", Wagner said.
"As China's economy expanded, so did its investment in domestic research and development. This all boosted China's ability to collaborate in science - aiding their own economy."
As research grants in US hit 25-year low, China plans for exponential growth
Wagner's article was published shortly after the pact's extension, when she noted that even if it resulted in a renegotiated agreement, the US had signalled a reluctance to cooperate with China.
"Since 2018, joint publications have dropped in number. Chinese researchers are less willing to come to the US. Meanwhile, Chinese researchers who are in the US are increasingly likely to return home, taking valuable knowledge with them," she wrote.
"The US risks being cut off from top know-how as China forges ahead. Perhaps looking at science as a globally shared resource could help both parties craft a truly 'win-win' agreement."
China beats US for first time in global scientific 'hot papers' ranking
The Beijing readout of the summit said China had no plans to overtake or replace the US, nor should the US have any intention of suppressing or containing China.
China voiced its discontent with several US policies that had "seriously damaged" China's legitimate interests, it said.
Export controls, investment reviews and unilateral sanctions by the US were suppressing China's science and technology "to curb [its] high-quality development and deprive the Chinese people of their right to development".
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This article originally appeared on the South China Morning Post (www.scmp.com), the leading news media reporting on China and Asia.
Copyright (c) 2023. South China Morning Post Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved.
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What is Diwali, the Festival of Lights, and how is it celebrated in India and the diaspora?
FILE - Hindu women light oil lamps at the Banganga pond as they celebrate Dev Diwali festival in Mumbai, India, Nov. 7, 2022. Diwali is the most important festival of the year in India and for Hindus in particular. It is celebrated across faiths by more than a billion people in the world’s most populous nation and the diaspora. This year, Diwali begins Friday, Nov. 10, 2023, and the festival will be observed on Sunday, Nov. 12. (AP Photo/Rafiq Maqbool, File)
FILE - A Hindu boy lights an oil lamp at the Banganga pond as they celebrate Dev Diwali festival in Mumbai, India, Nov. 7, 2022. Diwali is the most important festival of the year in India and for Hindus in particular. It is celebrated across faiths by more than a billion people in the world’s most populous nation and the diaspora. This year, Diwali begins Friday, Nov. 10, 2023, and the festival will be observed on Sunday, Nov. 12. (AP Photo/Rafiq Maqbool, File)
FILE - A slum colony is decorated with lanterns and lights during Diwali, the festival of lights in Mumbai, India, Oct. 24, 2022. Diwali is the most important festival of the year in India and for Hindus in particular. It is celebrated across faiths by more than a billion people in the world’s most populous nation and the diaspora. This year, Diwali begins Friday, Nov. 10, 2023, and the festival will be observed on Sunday, Nov. 12. (AP Photo/Rafiq Maqbool, File)
People crowd a market as they shop ahead of Diwali festival in Mumbai, India, Sunday, Nov. 5, 2023. (AP Photo/Rafiq Maqbool)
People look at lanterns displayed for sale at roadside stalls ahead of Diwali festival in Mumbai, India, Sunday, Nov. 5, 2023. (AP Photo/Rafiq Maqbool)
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Diwali is the most important festival of the year in India — and for Hindus in particular.
It is celebrated across faiths by more than a billion people in the world’s most populous nation and the diaspora. Over five days, people take part in festive gatherings , fireworks displays, feasts and prayer.
Diwali is derived from the word “Deepavali,” which means “a row of lights.” Celebrants light rows of traditional clay oil lamps outside their homes to symbolize the victory of light over darkness and knowledge over ignorance.
WHEN IS DIWALI?
The dates of the festival are based on the Hindu lunar calendar, typically falling in late October or early November.
This year, Diwali begins Nov. 10 and the festival will be observed on Nov. 12.
WHAT ARE SOME HINDU STORIES OF DIWALI?
While Diwali is a major religious festival for Hindus, it is also observed by Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists. The origin story of Diwali varies depending on the region. All these stories have one underlying theme — the victory of good over evil.
In southern India, Diwali celebrates the victory of Lord Krishna’s destruction of the demon Naraka who is said to have imprisoned women and tormented his subjects. In northern India, Diwali honors the triumphant return of Lord Rama, his wife Sita, and brother Lakshmana, from a 14-year exile in the forest.
HOW IS DIWALI CELEBRATED?
The festival brings with it a number of unique traditions, which also vary by the region. What all celebrations have in common are the lights, fireworks, feasting, new clothes and praying.
—In southern India, many have an early morning warm oil bath to symbolize bathing in the holy River Ganges as a form of physical and spiritual purification.
—In the north, worshipping the Goddess Lakshmi, who symbolizes wealth and prosperity, is the norm.
Gambling is a popular tradition because of the belief whoever gambled on Diwali night would prosper throughout the year. Many people buy gold on the first day of Diwali, known as Dhanteras — an act they believe will bring them good luck.
Setting off firecrackers is a cherished tradition, as is exchanging sweets and gifts among friends and family. Diwali celebrations typically feature rangoli, which are geometric, floral patterns drawn on the floor using colorful powders.
WHAT ARE THE DIWALI STORIES FROM OTHER FAITHS?
Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs have their own Diwali stories:
—Jains observe Diwali as the day the Lord Mahavira, the last of the great teachers, attained nirvana, which is liberation from the cycle of birth, death and rebirth.
—Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas — a day that overlaps with Diwali — to commemorate the release of Guru Hargobind, a revered figure in the faith, who had been imprisoned for 12 years by the Mughal emperor Jahangir.
—Buddhists observe the day as one when the Hindu Emperor Ashoka, who ruled in the third century B.C., converted to Buddhism.
Associated Press religion coverage receives support through the AP’s collaboration with The Conversation US, with funding from Lilly Endowment Inc. The AP is solely responsible for this content.