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Important Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students in English

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, often called the 'Father of the Nation' , was a leader who fought for India's freedom from British rule. He believed in non-violence. Every year on October 2nd, Mahatma Gandhi's birthday is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti to honor his efforts in freeing India.

English Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Rabindranath Tagore was the first to call Gandhiji 'Mahatma,' which means 'Great Soul' in Sanskrit. His wise ideas and beliefs led people to respect and call him 'Mahatma Gandhi.' His dedication to the country and efforts to turn his ideas into reality make Indians around the world very proud of him .

According to Mahatma Gandhi’s biography, he was born on October 2, 1869 , in Porbandar, a coastal town in the present-day Indian state of Gujarat. He grew up in a Hindu family and ate basic vegetarian meals. His dad, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, was an important leader in Porbandar State. In South Africa, he was the first to lead a peaceful protest movement, setting him apart from other demonstrators. Mahatma Gandhi also introduced the idea of Satyagraha, a nonviolent approach to opposing unfairness. He devoted 20 years of his life to battling discrimination in South Africa.

His idea of 'Ahimsa,' which means not hurting anyone, was widely admired and followed by many influential people worldwide. He became an indomitable figure who couldn't be defeated in any situation. Mahatma Gandhi initiated the 'Khadi Movement' to encourage the use of fabrics like khadi or jute. This movement was a crucial part of the larger 'Non-co-operation Movement,' which advocated for Indian goods and discouraged foreign ones. Gandhi strongly supported agriculture and encouraged people to engage in farming. He inspired Indians to embrace manual labor and emphasized self-reliance, urging them to provide for their needs and lead simple lives. He began weaving cotton clothes using the Charkha to reduce dependence on foreign goods and promote Swadeshi products among Indians.

During the fight for India's freedom, Gandhiji faced imprisonment several times along with his followers, but his main goal was always the freedom of his motherland. Even when he was in prison, he never chose the path of violence.

Mahatma Gandhi made significant contributions to various social issues. His efforts against 'untouchability' while he was in Yerwada Jail, where he went on a hunger strike against this ancient social evil, greatly helped uplift the oppressed community in modern times. He also emphasized the importance of education, cleanliness, health, and equality in society.

These qualities defined him as a person with a great soul and justified his transformation from Gandhi to Mahatma. He led many freedom movements, including the "Quit India Movement," which was highly successful. His death was a huge loss to the forces of peace and democracy, leaving a significant void in the nation's life.

Gopal Krishna Gokhale, a prominent Indian nationalist leader, significantly influenced Mahatma Gandhi's political ideology and leadership approach. Gandhi considered him his political teacher.

Mahatma Gandhi played a crucial role in India's fight for freedom from British rule. His life was dedicated to serving his country and its people, and he became an international symbol of Indian leadership. Even today, he continues to inspire and motivate young people worldwide with his values and principles.

Gandhi Ji was known for his strong sense of discipline. He emphasized the importance of self-discipline in achieving significant goals, a principle he applied in promoting his philosophy of Ahimsa (non-violence). Through his own life, he demonstrated that rigorous discipline can lead to the realization of any objective, provided we remain committed and dedicated. These qualities established him as a revered and respected leader whose influence extends far beyond his lifetime. His ideals continue to resonate not only in India but also around the world.


FAQs on Mahatma Gandhi Essay

1. What were the different movements that Gandhi started in order to bring Independence to India?

In order to bring freedom, Gandhi started the Satyagraha movement in 1919, the non-cooperation movement in 1921, and Civil Disobedience movement in 1930 and Quit India movement in 1942.

2. Who killed Mahatma Gandhi?

A young man named Nathuram Godse killed Mahatma Gandhi when he was going to attend an evening prayer meeting.

3. Why is Gandhi known as the ‘Father of the Nation’?

Mahatma Gandhi is known as the ‘Father of the Nation’ because he laid the true foundation of independent India with his noble ideals and supreme sacrifice.

4. How do we commemorate Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution for our Nation?

His birthday on 2 nd October is celebrated as a National Holiday across the nation in order to commemorate his great contributions and sacrifices for the country’s independence.

5. What are the things we should learn from Mahatma Gandhi? 

There are various things one can learn from Gandhiji. The principles that he followed and preached his entire generation and for generations to come are commendable. He believed in ‘Ahimsa’ and taught people how any war in the world can be won through non-violence. To simply state one can learn the following principles from Gandhiji - 


Respect for elders,


Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Students are often asked to write an essay on Mahatma Gandhi in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Mahatma Gandhi


Mahatma Gandhi, also known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was a great leader from India. He was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat. He is known for his non-violent struggle for India’s independence from British rule.

Beliefs and Principles

Gandhi believed in truth and non-violence. He practiced Satyagraha, a method of non-violent resistance. He taught people to fight for their rights peacefully, without causing harm to others.

Role in Independence

Gandhi led many significant movements like the Salt March and Quit India Movement. These movements played a crucial role in India’s fight for independence.

Gandhi’s teachings continue to inspire millions around the world. His birthday, October 2, is celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence.

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250 Words Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi, born on October 2, 1869, was an eminent figure who played a pivotal role in India’s struggle for independence. His principles of truth and non-violence continue to inspire millions around the world.

Early Life and Influences

Born as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in Porbandar, India, he was deeply influenced by stories of valor and truth from his mother. His studies in London and experiences in South Africa shaped his philosophy of Satyagraha, or non-violent resistance.

Leadership in Indian Independence Movement

Gandhi returned to India in 1915 and soon became the leader of the Indian National Congress. His unique methods of civil disobedience and non-cooperation, showcased in movements like the Dandi March and Quit India Movement, significantly swayed the struggle for freedom.

Philosophy and Legacy

Gandhi’s philosophy was not limited to independence. He envisioned an India grounded in self-sufficiency, rural development, and communal harmony. His concepts of Swaraj and Swadeshi continue to resonate in modern India’s socio-political fabric.

Mahatma Gandhi’s life and teachings remain a beacon of hope for oppressed communities worldwide. His non-violent approach to conflict resolution is increasingly relevant in today’s volatile world. Despite criticisms and complexities, his legacy as the ‘Father of the Nation’ stands unchallenged, making him a timeless icon of peace and resistance.

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500 Words Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi, also known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule. Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, Gandhi’s philosophies of non-violence and civil disobedience have since become a beacon for other revolutionary movements worldwide.

Early Life and Education

Gandhi’s early life was shaped by the religious and moral values of his mother, Putlibai, a devout Jain. Gandhi’s exposure to Jainism’s principles of non-violence, vegetarianism, and fasting greatly influenced his later philosophies. He pursued law in London, where he was introduced to Henry David Thoreau’s essay on civil disobedience, which would later form the foundation of his Satyagraha principle.

The Philosophy of Satyagraha

Satyagraha, a term coined by Gandhi, embodies the philosophy of non-violent resistance. It is a compound of the Sanskrit words Satya (truth) and Agraha (insistence). For Gandhi, Satyagraha was not just a method of protest but a comprehensive lifestyle and a means to seek truth. The philosophy was first implemented during the Indian community’s struggle in South Africa, and later became instrumental in India’s fight for independence.

Role in India’s Independence

Gandhi returned to India in 1915 and joined the Indian National Congress. He led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding women’s rights, ending untouchability, and above all, achieving Swaraj or self-rule. The Salt March to Dandi in 1930, a non-violent protest against the salt tax, is one of Gandhi’s most significant acts of civil disobedience. His leadership during the Quit India Movement in 1942 further intensified the demand for independence.

Legacy and Global Influence

Gandhi’s philosophies have left an indelible mark on the world. His teachings influenced notable personalities like Martin Luther King Jr., Nelson Mandela, and Dalai Lama. Gandhi’s birthday, October 2nd, is commemorated as the International Day of Non-Violence. Despite criticisms, his philosophies continue to inspire movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Mahatma Gandhi’s life and teachings are a testament to the power of non-violence and truth. His unique approach to fighting injustice through peaceful means has inspired countless individuals and movements globally. As we navigate through the complexities of the modern world, Gandhi’s philosophies continue to offer profound insights into achieving social and political change. In the end, his life reminds us of the strength inherent in truth and non-violence, giving us the courage to stand against injustice, even if we stand alone.

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – Contributions and Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi


500+ Words Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – Mahatma Gandhi was a great patriotic Indian, if not the greatest. He was a man of an unbelievably great personality. He certainly does not need anyone like me praising him. Furthermore, his efforts for Indian independence are unparalleled. Most noteworthy, there would have been a significant delay in independence without him. Consequently, the British because of his pressure left India in 1947. In this essay on Mahatma Gandhi, we will see his contribution and legacy.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Contributions of Mahatma Gandhi

First of all, Mahatma Gandhi was a notable public figure. His role in social and political reform was instrumental. Above all, he rid the society of these social evils. Hence, many oppressed people felt great relief because of his efforts. Gandhi became a famous international figure because of these efforts. Furthermore, he became the topic of discussion in many international media outlets.

Mahatma Gandhi made significant contributions to environmental sustainability. Most noteworthy, he said that each person should consume according to his needs. The main question that he raised was “How much should a person consume?”. Gandhi certainly put forward this question.

Furthermore, this model of sustainability by Gandhi holds huge relevance in current India. This is because currently, India has a very high population . There has been the promotion of renewable energy and small-scale irrigation systems. This was due to Gandhiji’s campaigns against excessive industrial development.

Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence is probably his most important contribution. This philosophy of non-violence is known as Ahimsa. Most noteworthy, Gandhiji’s aim was to seek independence without violence. He decided to quit the Non-cooperation movement after the Chauri-Chaura incident . This was due to the violence at the Chauri Chaura incident. Consequently, many became upset at this decision. However, Gandhi was relentless in his philosophy of Ahimsa.

Secularism is yet another contribution of Gandhi. His belief was that no religion should have a monopoly on the truth. Mahatma Gandhi certainly encouraged friendship between different religions.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi has influenced many international leaders around the world. His struggle certainly became an inspiration for leaders. Such leaders are Martin Luther King Jr., James Beve, and James Lawson. Furthermore, Gandhi influenced Nelson Mandela for his freedom struggle. Also, Lanza del Vasto came to India to live with Gandhi.

mahatma gandhi essay with introduction and conclusion

The awards given to Mahatma Gandhi are too many to discuss. Probably only a few nations remain which have not awarded Mahatma Gandhi.

In conclusion, Mahatma Gandhi was one of the greatest political icons ever. Most noteworthy, Indians revere by describing him as the “father of the nation”. His name will certainly remain immortal for all generations.

Essay Topics on Famous Leaders

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FAQs on Mahatma Gandhi

Q.1 Why Mahatma Gandhi decided to stop Non-cooperation movement?

A.1 Mahatma Gandhi decided to stop the Non-cooperation movement. This was due to the infamous Chauri-Chaura incident. There was significant violence at this incident. Furthermore, Gandhiji was strictly against any kind of violence.

Q.2 Name any two leaders influenced by Mahatma Gandhi?

A.2 Two leaders influenced by Mahatma Gandhi are Martin Luther King Jr and Nelson Mandela.


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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi In English for Students and Children

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Key Points To Remember When Writing An Essay On Mahatma Gandhi

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Mahatma Gandhi is a popular historical figure. He is known as the father of our nation and is well-regarded by all the citizens of the country and people worldwide. Most Indian children are familiar with Gandhiji and learn about his contribution to the Indian freedom struggle in school. Students may be asked to write an essay on Gandhiji as a class exercise or for a test or competition. For this assignment, they will need to learn and remember facts about his life and how he fought for India’s independence. This may sound challenging for some children, but with guidance, they will be able to write this essay on their own. Here is an essay on Mahatma Gandhi for classes 1, 2 and 3 that will help school children with their assignments.

Writing an essay includes preparation and strategies. To begin with an essay, we need to understand the topic of the essay. When we are aware of the topic of the essay, we can write the essay easily. Whether you are planning to write a small essay, a long essay, or just a few lines about Mahatma Gandhi, gathering information firsthand will help you a lot. You begin your essay by giving an introduction of Mahatma Gandhi, his place of birth, his life and about his personal life. Next, you can talk about his professional life, his studies and achievements, and what contributions he made to the nation’s independence. Finally, you can conclude the essay with how his life teachings inspire today’s generations and how you can still use those teachings in today’s life and influence others.

The essay about Mahatma Gandhi is slightly different from essays on general topics. For these kinds of topics, children need to remember accurate facts and weave a good narrative. If you are looking for good facts and figures in the form of some lines on Mahatma Gandhi, then the following is for you. Here are some important points to remember:

Before starting the essay, it is important to remember facts such as names, places, events and dates accurately.

For short essays, stick to facts about Gandhi and do not dive deep into any specific topics.

For longer essays, start the introduction about the importance of the man in Indian history.

Talk about his early life and work and transition to the ideology of Gandhiji.

Finally, end the essay with his impact on the nation and how he inspired people.

Children of lower primary classes may be asked to write a short essay on Mahatma Gandhi. They can start by jotting down the facts they remember about him and writing them in simple sentences. Students will have to memorise a few dates and facts to be able to write this essay. Below are the top ten factual lines about Mahatma Gandhi that will help you write a perfect essay on Gandhiji, the national personality:

Mahatma Gandhi is well-known as a freedom fighter and the father of our nation. He is popularly called Bapu.

He was born in Porbandar, Gujarat on October 2, 1869.

His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi, and his mother’s name was Putlibai Gandhi.

Gandhiji was married to Kasturba Kapadia.

He went to London to pursue his higher education.

He worked in South Africa as a civil rights activist and fought against racial discrimination.

In 1915 he started the Indian National Congress party.

Gandhiji was a firm believer in ahimsa , which means non-violence, and followed the path of satya vachan, which means being truthful.

As a leader of the freedom struggle, he began his first anti-British movement in 1917.

He was shot to death on January 30, 1948.

Before we begin with an essay in 100 or 200 words, we should first practice with paragraph writing. This is why we bring you a short paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi. Let’s look at the paragraph on this national personality.

Mahatma Gandhi, born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, is one of India’s most iconic historical figures. He has several monikers, such as ‘the Father of the Nation’, ‘Bapu’ , ‘Mahatma’, ‘Rashtrapita’ , and many more. Gandhiji is popular for his non-violence (Ahimsa) and civil disobedience philosophy. He is also known for his simplicity, truthfulness, and dedication to social justice. Lakhs of people joined Mahatma Gandhi in his journey to free India from the colonial rule. He and his supporters organised movements like the Dandi March (Salt March) and the Quit India Movement, which eventually led to India’s independence in 1947. He was assassinated on January 30, 1948, but his principles and message endure as a beacon of hope and unity.

When asked to write a short essay on Mahatma Gandhi, students can list the highlights they remember about Gandhiji’s life and weave them into a paragraph. Here is a sample essay on Mahatma Gandhi in 200 words:

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is the most popular historical figure in the nation. He was born in Porbandar, Gujarat, on October 2, 1869. His family was affluent, and he had a good reputation as a quiet-natured boy. He went to London for his higher education, where he studied law and became a Barrister. He practised law at the Bombay High Court upon his return to India.

Gandhiji later moved to South Africa to work but soon lost interest in law. Instead, he joined hands with the natives there to start satyagraha – a non-violent protest against the oppression of the Europeans. He soon returned to India and joined the struggle for independence from British rule.

He was a simple man who taught simplicity and self-reliance to the people in India. He encouraged them to boycott foreign goods and make their own swadeshi goods. He was loved and respected by people of all communities.

As a freedom fighter, Gandhi was a man of firm conviction. During his freedom struggle, the British had put him in jail several times, where he endured extreme hardships. To honour his role in the freedom struggle, his birthday is observed as a national holiday to pay homage to him and all others who stood with him.

A long essay on Gandhi requires students to know and remember several details on his life and write them with a good narrative. Writing a Mahatma Gandhi essay in English in 500 words and more is not a difficult task. Here is a sample essay for class 3 students on Mahatma Gandhi:

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also called Mahatma Gandhi, is the father of our nation. He was a freedom fighter, national leader, and social reformer who worked tirelessly to make India independent. Famous poet Rabindranath Tagore gave him the title of Mahatma. In Sanskrit, ‘Mahatma’ means ‘Great Soul’. He was given this name for his non-violent approach to the freedom movement, contributions to social reform, and convictions to lead a simple life. Since his time, Gandhiji and his philosophy have inspired all social reform movements.

Birth And Childhood

Mahatma Gandhi, aka Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was born on 2 October 1869 in the small town of Porbandar, Gujarat. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, was the Diwan of Porbandar and Rajkot and also a court official in Porbandar. Born to a religious woman, Putlibai Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi became one of the top representatives in India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule, known for his philosophy of non-violence (Ahimsa) and civil disobedience.

Marriage And Education

Gandhiji was raised with simplicity, although he was from an affluent family. He was a firm believer in non-violence, which was reflected in his approach to anything he did. Gandhiji went to England in 1888 to study law and become a barrister. After Gandhiji moved to Africa as a lawyer, he soon quit his profession to join the local people in their struggle against European oppression. He spent 20 years fighting discrimination in South Africa before returning to India.

Contribution To India’s Independence

The people who followed him loved his ideology of ‘ Ahimsa ‘ or non-violence. He realised early on that there was a great force in the philosophy of non-violence at a mass level for the freedom movement. He believed in self-reliance and made his own clothes, which started the ‘ Khadi movement’. He urged Indians to boycott foreign products and make their own instead to increase self-reliance. The British put him in jail many times because of his strong stand.

His efforts, combined with the sacrifices of all freedom fighters, were successful, and India gained independence. Mahatma Gandhi and his non-violent approach have been appreciated throughout history, and he became a global role model. His legacy extends beyond India’s borders, inspiring movements for civil rights, freedom, and social change worldwide. Bapu’s teachings and practices continue to be a model of inspiration for those advocating peace, justice, and human rights. He will continue to inspire people everywhere to build a better and more just world for generations to come.

Mahatma Gandhi led several successful campaigns and movements in his time to achieve independence from the colonial government, Let’s talk about some of the major movements of Gandhiji in detail:

1. Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha (1917 – 1918)

Gandhi’s early Satyagrahas (non-violent resistance) in Champaran and Kheda addressed issues faced by indigo and cotton farmers, respectively. Due to meagre agriculture production and crop failure due to unfavourable weather along with high taxation, the situation of farmers deteriorated drastically. Along with farmers and several supporters, Mahatma Gandhi started protests and strikes that eventually led to the British noting the farmers’ demands and doing what was needful for them.

2. Khilafat Movement (1919)

Mahatma Gandhi supported the Khilafat Movement, started by Ali brothers in Turkey against the unfair treatment of Turkey after the First World War, which aimed to protect the Ottoman Empire’s caliphate. He presided over the All India Conference in Delhi and even returned the awards he achieved in the British Empire’s South Africa. He came to the limelight of many Indians for his doings against the British empire, which eventually strengthened his position as a national leader.

3. Non-Cooperation Movement (1920)

The Civil Disobedience Movement aimed to fight unjust laws peacefully with the assistance from the Congress. Under the leadership of Gandhiji, several Indians refused to obey certain British laws and pay taxes. People began boycotting British goods and services, which resulted in mass arrests and heightened global awareness. However, after the Chauri Chaura incident with the killing of 23 police officers, Gandhiji put a stop to the movement.

4. Civil-Disobedience Movement (1930)

The Non-Cooperation Movement aimed at the boycotting of British institutions, schools, and goods by Indians. Several students dropped out of college, and many government employees quit their British jobs. People also boycotted imported clothing, refused to pay taxes, held protests, etc. Millions of people supported and participated in this movement, and it marked a turning point in India’s fight for independence.

5. Quit India Movement (1942)

The Quit India Movement in 1942 finally demanded to put an immediate end to British rule in India. Gandhiji started this movement on August 8, 1942, during World War II, calling it “Quit India”. Because of this movement, several representatives of the Indian National Congress were arrested by the British government, eventually leading to widespread protests and strikes. In the end, the British government decided to surrender control to India and exit from India.

Writing about Mahatma Gandhi in a school essay is an important assignment for children. Being one of India’s most regarded historical personalities, it is beneficial for them to learn about his life and role in India’s freedom struggle for academics and as a proud citizen of the country. This topic is more factual, so students will have to write based on their knowledge rather than their feelings or imagination. In this essay, children will learn how to memorise facts and write a composition on them for exams and assignments. They will learn how to weave a good story about a person in history and explain the relevance to the present.

Here are some facts about Mahatma Gandhi that will surely help your kids:

Although Mahatma Gandhiji’s real name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, people across the nation address him as ‘Bapu’ in Gujarati, as it is entitled as the ‘Father of the Nation.’

Before fighting for India’s independence, Mahatma Gandhi worked as a barrister.

Albert Einstein admired Gandhiji very much. After Bapu’s death, the scientist quotes, ‘Generations to come will scarce believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon this earth.’

Gandhiji followed a simplistic life and wore hand-spun khadi cloth.

Mahatma Gandhi had four children – Manilal, Harilal, Devdas, and Ramdas.

There are several roads and streets named in honour of Gandhiji.

In 1930, Bapu was accredited with the Time Magazine Man of the Year.

To date, Indian currency notes bear the photo monogram of Mahatma Gandhi.

Inspired by Gandhiji’s non-violence philosophy, Martin Luther fought for civil rights peacefully in the United States.

On January 30, 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was tragically assassinated by a man named Nathuram Godse.

1. How did Gandhi’s Philosophy Influence Other Leaders?

Gandhiji’s philosophy of non-violence (Ahimsa) and peaceful protests have a profound influence on leaders across the world. Martin Luther King Jr. Adopted Gandhiji’s principles to fight against racial segregation and discrimination peacefully in the United States. Similarly, Nelson Mandela from South Africa took inspiration from Mahatma Gandhi’s principles to seek justice against apartheid and racial oppression. Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi took Gandhi’s non-violence philosophy as a role model for her campaign for democratic reforms and human rights. Other world leaders who took inspiration from Mahatma Gandhi include Desmond Tutu (South Africa), Lech Wałęsa (Poland), Cesar Chavez (USA), and more.

2. How can Gandhi’s Ideals be Applied in Today’s World?

Children can adopt the philosophies of non-violence (ahimsa), truthfulness (satya), self-discipline (tapasya), and service to others (seva) from Gandhiji. Children can learn to always speak the truth, be kind to people, and always lend a helping hand to people in need.

3. What are Some Famous Books Written by Mahatma Gandhi?

‘ My Experiments With Truth’ is a renowned autobiography penned by Mahatma Gandhi. Other popular books written by him include ‘The Young India’, ‘Hind Swaraj’, and India of My Dreams.’

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Paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi in English – Long and Short Paragraphs

Table of Contents

Paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi: Known as the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi is one of the most influential and iconic figures of the 20th century. Born in India in 1869, Gandhi was a lawyer who fought for Indian independence from British rule. He developed a unique form of non-violent protest that came to be known as satyagraha. This technique was extremely effective in winning independence to India, and it also inspired other non-violent protesters around the world, including Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela. Gandhi is celebrated for his commitment to peace, justice, and equality. He is an inspiration to people of all races and religions who are working for a more just and peaceful world.

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Long and Short Paragraphs on Mahatma Gandhi

Below, you will find a number of short and long paragraphs on Mahatma Gandhi. We hope these Mahatma Gandhi paragraphs will help students complete their school assignments. These will also help children write and read out paragraphs with simple words and small sentences. Students can select any paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi according to their particular requirements.

Paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi

Short Paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi in 100 words – Sample 1

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on 2nd October 1869. He was a lawyer by profession. He could have practiced law and spent a comfortable life. However, he chose to fight the British by participating in India’s struggle for freedom. He carried out various freedom movements and inspired several Indian citizens to join him. These movements had a huge impact on the British.

Unlike various other leaders of his time, Gandhiji did not resort to violent and aggressive means to drive the British away. He took the path of truth and non-violence and was supported by many Indians. He played a major role in freeing India from British rule.

Short Paragraph on Biography of Mahatma Gandhi in 150 words – Sample 2

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, aka Mahatma Gandhi, was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, worked as the Chief Minister of the Princely state of Porbandar.

Mahatma Gandhi did his schooling at Alfred High School in Gujarat and went on to study law at the University of London. Mahatma Gandhi married Kasturba Gandhi in 1883. He left for England to study law in 1988 after their first child Hiralal was born.

He acquired a law degree. However, he soon found out that this was not his calling in life. He left his profession and joined the freedom struggle. He inspired several Indians to follow the path of non-violence to fight the British.

The British were finally thrown out of the Country in 1947, and Mahatma Gandhi played a major rule. Unfortunately, we lost Gandhiji on 30th January 1948. Nathuram Godse fired three bullets in his chest, and he surrendered to death.

Paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi as a Freedom Fighter in 200 words – Sample 3

Mahatma Gandhi was known for his unique ways of fighting the British. His ideologies were different from those of most freedom fighters. The British behaved cruelly with the Indians. They treated them like animals. They loaded them with work and paid them meagrely. This invoked anger in many Indians who came forward to fight the British. Filled with the feeling of hurt and anger, they took to aggressive means to drive the British officials out of the Country. However, Mahatma Gandhi chose a completely different way, thereby astonishing the others.

Peace and Non-Violence

As a freedom fighter, Mahatma Gandhi took the path of peace and non-violence rather than fighting aggressively. He held various movements and protests, but all in a peaceful manner. If a person slaps you on one cheek, then instead of slapping him back, you should offer him the other cheek too.

An Inspiration for Others

Gandhiji’s ways of fighting the British were indeed effective. Many other freedom fighters were inspired by his ideologies and followed him. People gathered in large numbers to support his movements.

Mahatma Gandhi is known to be one of the greatest freedom fighters. He was a true leader. His ideologies continue to inspire people even today.

Paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi as a Father of the Nation in 250 words – Sample 4

Numerous Indian leaders participated in India’s freedom struggle, and we have great respect for them. It was because of their joint efforts that we attained freedom. However, none impacted the minds of Indian citizens like Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhiji is rightly called the Father of the Nation.

Mahatma Gandhi showed us the Right Path.

Like a father, he guided millions of Indians toward the right path in life. He taught his people to speak the truth no matter what the consequences. He strongly believed that one can attain success in life only if he has the courage to accept and speak the truth. A person who treads on the path of truth may face hardships on his way but will eventually see success. He also inspired his people to adopt non-violent means to further their plans – teaching only a parent can give to his children.

Mahatma Gandhi Took Charge

As a father, Mahatma Gandhi took the responsibility to free Indian citizens from the clutches of the British. He initiated various movements against the British and inspired people to participate. He held meetings and gave lectures to motivate people to come forward and join the struggle for freedom. He guided his followers and led them in the right direction.

Mahatma Gandhi is fondly referred to as Bapu, which means Father. His children, the citizens of India, celebrate his birthday in full fervour every year on the 2nd Octoberober. His birthday is one of the three national festivals of India. It is a National holiday in the Country.

Paragraph on Role of Mahatma Gandhi in Freedom of India in 300 words – Sample 5

Mahatma Gandhi played an important role in India’s struggle for freedom. He actively participated in the freedom struggle and also inspired thousands of Indians to follow him in his mission to push the British out of the Country. He held several movements that impacted the British immensely and weakened their foothold in the Country.

Mahatma Gandhi Led Several Movements

Gandhiji initiated many freedom movements. The Dandi March, Salt Satyagrah, Non-Cooperation Movement, and Quit India Movement were among some of these movements. All these movements used non-violent means to weaken British rule. The British were perplexed by his ways and found it hard to stop him as he didn’t create any havoc or destruction.

All his movements were carried out peacefully yet had a huge impact on the British. Before participating in the freedom struggle and initiating various movements in India, Gandhiji carried out non-violent protests against colour discrimination in South Africa. He was supported by numerous people there too.

Mahatma Gandhi – A Source of Inspiration

When the Indians were filled with rage and hatred for the British and wanted to destroy them using violent methods, Gandhiji’s peaceful yet effective methodology of fighting them proved to be a source of inspiration for many. He gave speeches to inspire the Country’s youth to fight against the British. Many prominent leaders joined him and adopted his ways to attain freedom. The general public also participated in the movements led by him. He is remembered for his ideologies even today and continues to inspire numerous people. His birthd2nd Octoberober is one of the national festivals of India.

Thus, Mahatma Gandhi played a major role in the freedom struggle. He served as an inspiration for thousands of Indians who joined him in his freedom movements to make it a success.

Paragraph on Education and Personal/Family Life of Mahatma Gandhi in 350 words – Sample 6

Mahatma Gandhi was born in a Hindu merchant caste family in Gujarat’s Porbandar state. He grew up to be an Indian activist and leader who took an active part in the Indian Independence movement. He served as an inspiration for various other leaders and the general public who joined the freedom movements led by him.

Mahatma Gandhi – Life

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born to Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi and Putlibai on 2 nd October 1869. While his father Karamchand was the chief minister of Porbandar, his mother was a housewife. His father became the chief minister of Rajkot. Karamchand and Putlibai had four children – Laxmidas, Raliatnbehn, Karsandas and Mohandas.

As a child, Gandhiji was quite a shy and reserved child; however, he was always high on energy. The stories of Raja Harishchandra and Shravana Kumar that he heard during his childhood had a great impact on him. It seems like these stories inspired him to follow the path of truth. Gandhiji’s mother, an extremely religious lady, also served as an inspiration for him.

Gandhi married Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia in May 1883 at 13 years. Karturbai was 14 years old at that time.

Mahatma Gandhi – Education

Gandhiji studied in local schools in Rajkot. He was an average student in school though he developed a love for reading. He took regular classes in school but did not show any interest in sports activities.

He enrolled at Samaldas College in Bhavnagar state in January 1888 to seek higher education; however, he soon dropped out. In August 1888, he left for London to study law at the Inner Temple. He was shy by nature since his childhood. This proved to be a hindrance as he enrolled to become a Barrister. However, Mahatma Gandhi was focused and determined to achieve his aim, so he joined a public speaking practice to overcome his shyness and excel in his field. He studied with dedication and attained a law degree.

Gandhiji was an extremely hard-working person with high values. He believed in simple living and high thinking. His life is truly an inspiration for others.

Long Paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi and Satyagraha Movements in 400 words – Sample 7

Mahatma Gandhi was one of the prominent leaders during the Indian freedom struggle. He strongly believed in Satya and Ahimsa, meaning truth and non-violence. He followed the path of Satyagrah to fight the British and was joined by numerous Indians. However, some freedom fighters opposed his ideologies and believed that the British could only be thrown out of the Country by aggressive movements and the use of violent methods. However, Gandhiji continued to fight the British in his unique ways. He led various Satyagrah movements to attain freedom. Some of them are:

Non-Cooperation Movement

Mahatma Gandhi initiated this movement in August 1920. It was Bapu’s answer to the unfortunate Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. Thousands of Indians joined him in this movement. They took to non-violent means by refusing to purchase the goods sold by the British. They began using local products, thereby hampering the British business in the Country. Gandhiji urged Indians to spin Khadi and make their clothes and become self-reliant. People followed him and boycotted the British goods. This shook the British Empire and brought the Indians closer, and made them realize the power of staying united.

Dandi March and Salt Satyagraha

Gandhiji started the Dandi March in the year 1930 with 78 volunteers. This was his non-violent reaction against the taxation on salt introduced by the British government. Gandhiji and his followers marched to Gujarat’s coastal village of Dandi to produce salt from seawater. The March lasted for as many as 25 days, from 112th March to 66th April Gandhiji and his followers covered a distance of 390 km during these 25 days as they marched from the Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi. Numerous people joined them on their way. This movement had an even greater impact on the British.

Quit India Movement

This was yet another movement initiated by Mahatma Gandhi. The Quit India Movement was initiated in August 1942 and turned out to be one of the major movements in the history of India’s struggle for freedom. Gandhiji and many other leaders got arrested during this movement. That outside continued to carry out processions and protests at various places in the Country. They were supported by a large number of people who fought selflessly.

All the movements led by Gandhi Ji played an important role in the freedom struggle. Gandhi Ji’s ideologies inspired thousands of Indians during his time and continue to impress the youth even today. No wonder he is called the Father of the Nation.

Paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi FAQ’s

How many bullets were shot at mahatma gandhi.

Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated with three bullets to his chest. This brutal act was carried out during his evening prayer meeting, instantly turning a moment of peace into one of the most tragic events in Indian history.

At what time was Gandhiji shot?

Gandhiji was shot at precisely 5:17 PM on January 30, 1948. The assassin, Nathuram Godse, took advantage of the serene prayer setting, causing a sudden and violent disruption that took Gandhi's life and shocked the entire nation and world.

Who is the first Gandhi of India?

The term first Gandhi is ambiguous, but when discussing prominent figures named Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) stands out. Born in 1869, he became the face of India's nonviolent struggle for independence, revered as the Father of the Nation.

What religion was Gandhi?

Mahatma Gandhi was a devout practitioner of Hinduism. His faith played a significant role in his life and his approach to India's fight for independence. He advocated for unity among all religions and championed a way of peace and non-violence that stemmed from his deep-rooted beliefs.

Who first said Mahatma?

The noble laureate Rabindranath Tagore, a prominent literary figure in India, was the first to address Gandhi with the honorific title Mahatma, meaning great soul. This title reflected Gandhi's commitment to his country and his steadfast fight for freedom and equality.

In which country was Mahatma Gandhi born?

Mahatma Gandhi was born in the coastal city of Porbandar, located in the Indian state of Gujarat. His birthplace is a significant site for many admirers and followers, symbolizing the humble beginnings of a man who would become an international symbol of freedom and resilience.

Did Gandhi call himself Mahatma?

While Gandhi was humbled by the respect others showed him through the title Mahatma, he never addressed himself as such. He believed in simplicity and humility and felt uncomfortable with the adulation that the title implied, preferring to see himself as a simple, devoted servant of the people.

What did Gandhi say when he died?

It is widely reported and believed that Gandhi's final words were Hey Ram, which translates to Oh God. These words epitomize his deep faith and devotion, though there is historical debate about whether he was able to utter any words during the suddenness of his assassination.

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – 200, 400, 600 Words

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essay on mahatma gandhi

Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, Mahatma Gandhi was a proponent of non-violence and truth, earning him the title of a truth messenger. Coming from a well-to-do family, he was known by his full name, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Although he was a reserved and diligent student, he ventured to England for legal studies and later became a barrister upon his return to India, practising law in the Bombay High Court.  

mahatma gandhi essay with introduction and conclusion

However, Gandhi’s true calling lay beyond the legal profession. During his time in South Africa , he allied with the locals and initiated the non-violent Satyagraha movement , aimed at challenging the oppression imposed by Europeans . Eventually, he returned to India and took a leading role in the struggle for India’s independence from British rule. 

Deeply moved by the suffering of his fellow Indians, he launched the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Quit India Movement, advocating non-violent resistance against the British.  

We have provided some essays on Mahatma Gandhi below that will be useful for speech delivery, essay writing, or speech-providing competitions. After reading these essays on Babu, you will get knowledge about his life and beliefs, his teachings, the role he played in the independence movement and why he is regarded as the most revered leader in the world.

This Blog Includes:

Essay on mahatma gandhi (200 words), birth and childhood , marriage and education, civil rights movement in africa, role of mahatma gandhi in india’s freedom struggle , accomplishments, demise .

Mahatma Gandhi, who was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, struggled and gave up things he valued to free India from British oppression. All throughout his life, he was guided by nonviolent beliefs. 

One of the greatest political figures in history, Mahatma Gandhi is revered and held in the highest regard in India as the “father of the nation.” His legacy will live on forever, inspiring future generations with his words and example.

Bapu struggled greatly and gave up a lot of his personal possessions in his quest to free India from British tyranny, but he never wavered from his nonviolent beliefs. 

His legal career took him to South Africa, where he fought against racial injustice. He married Kasturba at the age of thirteen and continued his schooling in London.  

Gandhi used nonviolence in a number of movements during India’s war for independence, including the Champaran and Kheda agitations, the Non-cooperation Movement, the Salt March, and the Quit India Movement . His influence was felt all around the world, motivating figures like Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King Jr .  

Gandhi made contributions to secularism, environmental sustainability, and social transformation. His legacy is firmly based on his nonviolence (Ahimsa) ideology. On January 30, 1948, he was murdered, yet his influence lives on, earning him the title of renowned “Father of the Nation and Bapu” in India’s history.

Also Read: Essay on Peer Pressure

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (400 Words)

Mahatma Gandhi stands as one of the greatest political icons in history, with Indians holding him in the highest esteem and revering him as the “father of the nation.” His name and teachings will undoubtedly remain immortal, continuing to inspire generations to come.

Throughout his efforts, Mahatma Gandhi endured great hardship and made significant personal sacrifices in his mission to liberate India from British rule, all while steadfastly adhering to non-violent principles. 

Let’s dive deeper into his life: 

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, which is now part of the state of Gujarat, India. 

His father, Karamchand Gandhi, held the position of Chief Minister (diwan) in Porbandar during that period. Gandhi’s mother, Putlibai, was a deeply devout and charitable woman. 

As a young boy, Gandhi embodied his mother’s qualities, inheriting her strong values, ethical principles, and spirit of self-sacrifice.

At the tender age of 13, Mohandas entered into marriage with Kasturba Makanji. In 1888, they welcomed a baby boy before he set sail for London to pursue further studies. In 1893, he ventured to South Africa to continue his law practice, where he encountered severe racial discrimination imposed by the British. 

A significant incident that profoundly impacted the young Gandhi was when he was forcibly evicted from a first-class train compartment solely due to his race and skin color.

Having endured discrimination and humiliation due to his race and color, Gandhi made a resolute pledge to combat and confront racial discrimination against immigrants in South Africa. In 1894, he established the Natal Indian Congress and embarked on a relentless crusade against racial prejudice. Gandhi passionately advocated for the civil rights of immigrants in South Africa, devoting approximately two decades to this endeavor.

Mahatma Gandhi’s influence has reached far and wide, touching the lives of numerous international leaders across the globe. Leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. , James Bevel, and James Lawson found inspiration in his struggle and adopted his principles. Nelson Mandela, in his quest for freedom, was also deeply influenced by Gandhi’s teachings, while Lanza del Vasto even chose to reside in India to be close to him.  

The impact of Mahatma Gandhi’s legacy is evident in the recognition he received from the United Nations. They have honored him by designating 2nd October as the “International Day of Nonviolence.” Additionally, many countries observe 30th January as the School Day of Nonviolence and Peace to commemorate his ideals.  

Throughout his life, Mahatma Gandhi received numerous awards and accolades, making his contribution widely acknowledged. Almost every nation has bestowed honors upon him, with only a few exceptions. 

Also Read: Essay on Education System

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (600 Words)

Mahatma Gandhi, who was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, advocated for truth and non-violence, giving him the moniker “truth messenger.” He was referred to by his full name, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, and he came from a wealthy family.

Let’s dive deep into the life of Mahatma Gandhi in this essay. 

The significance of non-violence in India’s freedom struggle gained prominence with the involvement of Mahatma Gandhi. While there were parallel violent movements against British rule, the peaceful nature of non-violence made it a powerful way to demand complete independence. 

Mahatma Gandhi utilized non-violence in every movement against the British government, and some of the most notable non-violent movements were as follows:  

Champaran and Kheda Agitations

In 1917, Mahatma Gandhi organized a non-violent protest against the British-imposed indigo cultivation and fixed pricing, leading to the acceptance of farmers’ demands. Similarly, in 1918, he led peaceful protests against the British administration for tax relief during a famine in the Kheda region, resulting in the suspension of revenue collection.  

Non-cooperation Movement

Sparked by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and harsh British policies in 1920, this movement promoted the boycott of British products and services. Indians withdrew from British-run institutions and civil services, significantly affecting British administration without resorting to violence.  

Salt Satyagraha or Salt March

In 1930, Mahatma Gandhi led the famous 26-day non-violent march to Dandi, Gujarat, protesting the salt monopoly imposed by the British. Breaking the salt laws and promoting local salt production, the Salt March gained international attention and strengthened the foundation of Independent India.  

Quit India Movement

Launched on August 8, 1942, the Quit India Movement demanded the British to leave India. Despite being in the midst of World War II, the non-violent civil disobedience movement intensified the pressure on the British government and paved the way for India’s eventual independence.  

These non-violent movements, led by Mahatma Gandhi, wielded the power of truth and non-violence as their weapons against British rule. The effectiveness of non-violence garnered international attention and exposed the oppressive policies of the British government to the world.

Mahatma Gandhi, a man on a mission, not only played a crucial role in India’s fight for independence but also made significant contributions to eradicate various social evils. His accomplishments can be summarized as follows:

Champion Against Racial Discrimination in South Africa

Witnessing the racial discrimination in South Africa deeply affected Mahatma Gandhi, motivating him to take a stand against it. He courageously challenged the law that denied voting rights to non-European individuals and became a prominent civil rights activist fighting for the rights of immigrants in South Africa.

The Icon of India’s Freedom Struggle

As a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement, Mahatma Gandhi adopted a liberal approach, advocating peaceful and nonviolent protests against British rule. His leadership in movements like the Champaran Satyagraha, Civil Disobedience Movement, Salt March, and Quit India Movement garnered global attention and shook the foundation of British rule in India.

Eradicating Social Evils

Gandhi Ji dedicated himself to rooting out various social evils prevalent in society at that time. He initiated campaigns to ensure equal rights for the untouchables and uplift their status in society. Additionally, he championed women’s empowerment, promoted education, and vehemently opposed child marriage, leaving a lasting impact on Indian society.

After India gained independence in 1947, Mahatma Gandhi’s life came to a tragic end when he was assassinated by a Hindu activist named Nathuram Godse on January 30, 1948. 

Throughout his life, he devoted himself to the service of the motherland, leaving a profound impact on the nation. His teachings and actions illuminated our path to true freedom from British rule. 

Also Read: Essay On Subhash Chandra Bose

A. Mahatma Gandhi, also known as Gandhiji or Bapu, emerged as a prominent leader during India’s struggle for independence from British rule. He firmly advocated non-violence, civil disobedience, and passive resistance as effective means to achieve social and political transformation.  

A. Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, a town located in present-day Gujarat, India.  

A. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.  

A. Gandhi played a pivotal role in India’s freedom struggle, leading various non-violent movements and campaigns against British rule, including the Non-Cooperation Movement, Salt Satyagraha, and Quit India Movement. 

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Abhishek Kumar Jha is a seasoned content writer specializing in providing education news updates for various media outlets. With a strong background in journalism, he has garnered significant experience in delivering accurate and informative content related to Indian exam updates. Notably, Abhishek has contributed his expertise to renowned news websites such as Firstpost and News18. Abhishek holds a Post Graduation Diploma in English Journalism from the prestigious Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC), Dhenkanal, where he honed his skills in news reporting and writing. His educational background combined with his practical experience has equipped him with the necessary tools to deliver high-quality and engaging content in the field of education journalism.

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  1. What Did Mahatma Gandhi Believe In?

    Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, better known as Mahatma Gandhi, believed in Hinduism, non-violence, vegetarianism, self-rule, education, the search for truth and the usefulness of fasting and celibacy. Ghandi’s Hinduism had Jain influences.

  2. How Did Mahatma Gandhi Change the World?

    Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Mahatma Gandhi headed India’s movement for independence by challenging the British not with violence and weapons, but with peaceful protests and stirring inspirational speeches.

  3. What Were the Important Events of Mahatma Gandhi’s Life?

    The most important events in the life of Mahatma Gandhi centered around his fight for India’s independence. In 1930, in perhaps his most important show of disobedience, he walked 200 miles to the sea to get salt as a symbolic act of rebelli...

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    Mahatma Gandhi also introduced the idea of Satyagraha, a nonviolent approach to opposing unfairness. He devoted 20 years of his life to battling

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    Conclusion. Mahatma Gandhi's life and teachings are a testament to the power of non-violence and truth. His unique approach to fighting injustice through

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    His patience, courage and disciplined life made him popular and attracted people from every corners of the world. He was the man who majorly contributed in the

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    Contributions by Gandhiji; Conclusion. Introduction. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also referred to as the “Father of the Nation,” was a social

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    Conclusion. All the movements led by Gandhi Ji played an

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    Gandhi made contributions to secularism, environmental sustainability, and social transformation. His legacy is firmly based on his nonviolence