how to write a reaction paper about a video example

How to Write a Reaction Paper: Ultimate Guide with Sample

how to write a reaction paper about a video example

What is Reaction Paper: Defining the Term

What would be the most desired complement for the pieces you create if you were a writer or an artist? Would it be 'Amazing,' 'Wonderful,' or 'Captivating'? The art we come across daily that could be defined as 'Amazing' and 'Wonderful' are many in quantity. Therefore, they do not occupy our minds for a very long time and get lost in the pile of commonness.

'Thought-provoking,' on the other hand, is what every creator strives for. Thought-provoking pieces make us react to what we absorb and live rent-free in our minds. In an academic setting, a piece would not become a subject for discussion unless it makes people react to them. In this article, we will discuss what is reaction paper and how to write it.

A reaction paper is a written response to a book, article, movie, or other media form. It involves the writer's thoughts and feelings about the work and an analysis of its themes, characters, and other elements. The purpose of a reaction paper is to help the writer reflect on and critically evaluate the work and to communicate their insights and opinions to others.

A reaction paper format typically comes with instructions that can be found in the course syllabus. You need to pay attention to the structure, grammar, and citations. Make sure you understand the requirements to avoid writing a Chicago-style reaction paper instead of an APA reaction paper.

In the article, you will find all the helpful tips for writing a perfect piece. Don't forget to explore our sample of reaction paper too.

How to Write a Reaction Paper: Helpful Tips

To write a reaction paper, it's crucial to approach the task with an open mind, actively engage with the material, and clearly articulate your thoughts and feelings. Unlike other academic assignments, a response paper requires you to stay focused on personal opinions, which makes it a relatively easy task. You just need to master its essence and general structure.

Next, we are going to offer you some helpful tips on how to make a reaction paper. If your due date is close, you can get help from our essay writing service online .

write reaction paper

Understand the Point of a Reaction Paper

Even outside of the academic world, sharing unstructured opinions about something you do not know does not set a pleasant tone. When you share your personal opinion, people expect you to understand the subject well.

Make sure you understand what the goal of the reaction paper is. So next time you decide to write a psychology reaction paper, you deliver what readers expect – valuable, balanced analysis.

The goal of reaction papers is for students to develop critical thinking skills. A writer does not just react to a text but carefully analyzes the strength and weaknesses of the text, the author's intentions and thoughts, and whether the text accomplishes its objectives.   

Understanding the point of the reaction paper helps to ensure that you stay within the scope of the assignment and do not stray into irrelevant or unrelated material. It also allows you to focus your response on the most pertinent aspects of the text and to present your personal opinion sharply and logically. 

Read the Text Right After It Has Been Assigned

Yes, the assignment asks for your reaction but not for an immediate one. Our first thoughts tend to be ambiguous, biased, and sometimes wrong. We need a certain amount of time to form our final opinions about the things we interact with.

Start absorbing the material right after you have been assigned to write a response essay. Give yourself time for thoughtful consideration. Read and reread, and research until you understand every part of it, from the author's objectives to how they executed it. Take notes and balance your perspective.

Make sure you develop a strong reaction statement that is thoughtful and not hot-headed. Gather the information that will support your arguments and structure them well. It should look more like a review and less like a comment on a movie website.

Speaking of films, below you will find a movie reaction paper example. You can also check out our article about discursive essay format .

Make a Note of Your Early Reactions

It is important to make notes of your first reaction. It helps you capture your initial thoughts and emotions on the subject. These early reactions are often the rawest and most honest representation of your feelings and can provide valuable insight into your perspective.

Writing down early reactions can also help you organize your ideas and identify key points you want to explore in your academic paper. Keep writing down your thoughts as you investigate the subject more to see how your ideas progress. It will help you ground your text in your personal experience and make the thesis clear. A meaningful and authentic reflection of your thoughts is what your instructor desires.

Knowing how a certain piece of art makes you feel and why is essential to the writing process. Keeping track of personal reactions can help you identify biases and preconceived notions. By acknowledging and examining your own biases, you can better understand your perspective and write a more balanced and nuanced paper. It can also help you identify areas where you need further research.

Check out our example of reaction paper about a movie below and see all the tips above at work.

Select a Perspective

A perspective is a point of view that guides your analysis and provides a structure for your response paper. Selecting a perspective ensures that your paper is focused, organized, and offers insightful thoughts. 

Before you start writing, consider different ways of looking at the topic and identify which perspective you feel most closely reflects your feelings. Consider the strengths and weaknesses of the selected perspective.

Getting into the author's shoes is never a bad idea. Think about the motif behind the piece, why the author structured it the way they did, and their objectives. This will allow you to see things clearly and put your analytical skills to craft a good reaction paper.

Before we start discussing the reaction paper template, there are a few more tips to share, so keep on reading. Or you can simply say ' do my homework for me ' and our professional writers will take the matter into their hands.

Define Your Thesis

A thesis statement acts as a roadmap for the rest of the paper and helps to guide the reader through the analysis. Defining your thesis is crucial because it provides a clear and concise statement of the main idea of a response paper. It can also help you stay on track and address the intended purpose.

Defining a thesis statement can be the most challenging task of writing a reaction paper. Start by gathering all the ideas and main points. Identify the notion you find most appealing. Consider its strengths and shortcomings and whether it effectively communicates the main idea.

Try to capture your thoughts in a single sentence that blossoms into a meaningful response essay.

Organize Your Sections

Gather scattered thoughts and give them structure. Response papers that are not properly organized fail to capture readers' attention and often cause frustration.

Avoid common mistakes and write a reaction paper that is easy to follow. Readers will better understand your argument and follow the flow of your analysis.

Create an outline that provides a clear framework for your response paper, including all the main sections and sub-sections. Give them a logical sequence. Start each section with a topic sentence followed by supporting facts, including quotes or examples. Then provide personal opinion and support it with a thorough analysis. Repeat these steps for each section.

Our short reaction paper example will show you how to structure your reaction essays.

Write the Final Version

The first draft is not going to do it. It will take you several tries to get your reaction essay right. The last version should have a strong thesis and be well-structured and polished.

The final version of the paper should be double-checked to ensure that it meets the requirements of the academic assignment and the expectations of your audience. Reread your response paper to make sure that you have a clear perspective, your arguments are logical and supported with facts, and they follow a strong structure.

Look for mistakes. If you find a section where you simply retell the text instead of offering your opinion and critically analyzing it, rewrite the piece until it makes perfect sense. The text should be unique but unbiased.

Writing such assignments may seem boring, but to make things easier for you, we decided to offer you how to write a reaction paper example that you can find below.

Check Your Paper for Spelling and Grammar

Whether you are writing an argumentative essay or reaction essays, you should always have grammar in mind. A strong reaction statement and unique personal opinions won't matter if the sentences are not readable.

Check your grammar and spelling before submitting a reaction paper because these errors can detract from the overall quality of your piece. Grammatical errors can also indicate a lack of attention to detail, making it less likely that your paper will be taken seriously and achieve its intended purpose.

Poor grammar and spelling can negatively impact the reader's perception of your writing skills and ability to analyze and communicate complex ideas. Correct grammar can help you increase credibility and ensure that your thoughts and feelings on the subjects are effectively communicated and understood.

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Reaction Paper Outline

Now that you know all the little tips and tricks that go into writing a reaction paper, it's time to learn about its general outline. This will help you structure your response essay to create an easy flow, and your readers will be able to follow your complex thoughts.

A reaction paper outline includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Each section serves its purpose and is equally important. Each unit must meet the basic standards of written assignment, make specific points, and credit direct quotations using reaction paper APA format or other citing styles.

outline

Reaction Paper Introduction

Putting pen to paper is always the hardest part of the writing process. But crafting a compelling text should not be a big challenge if you know how to start a reaction paper.

The introduction of a reaction paper is a vital aspect that sets the tone for the rest of the piece. A well-written introduction should provide background information, state the paper's purpose, and introduce the thesis statement. Remember, the introduction should not be too long. Don't risk boring the readers.

To write an effective introduction:

  • Start by providing relevant context for the topic.
  • Include an informative summary of the background information relevant to your analysis.
  • Continue with clearly expressing the purpose of the paper.
  • Explain what you hope to achieve and why.
  • Finish your introduction by presenting a thesis statement that encapsulates your personal opinion and the paper's main points.

Reaction Paper Body

Next on the reaction papers format is the body paragraphs. After the compelling introduction, you are also expected to continue effective writing in the main body. This is where you share your honest thoughts on the major points and explain your stance.

As mentioned in our main tips, you must divide all your ideas into separate sections. Start each paragraph with a topic sentence reflecting the section's main theme. Briefly summarize the single aspect of the book or article you are about to discuss. Next, share your feelings about it and explain them. Support your ideas using quotes from reliable sources, and don't forget to cite them properly. Try to connect your reactions to the broader context.

Conclude each paragraph with a summary of your thoughts and feelings and connect them to the paper's main theme.

Do you wonder how to write a reaction paper to a video? The reaction paper format that this article provides works for any response essay and gets you high grades.

Reaction Paper Conclusion

The final aspect of the reaction paper format is an impressive conclusion. This is your final opportunity to gather up your thoughts and feelings and put them into a short summary. If you capture your raw emotions and why the piece made you feel that way, you will leave a lasting impression on the reader.

Start your conclusion by restating the reaction statement. Reaffirm the key points you made in the body sections and offer the new insights you have gained. But avoid any new information. The conclusion should not include information not already discussed in the text. And your reaction paper with a memorable statement that ties together the main ideas and provides closure for the readers.

Reaction Paper Example

Before you move on to explore our pestle analysis example , let us help you with your response essay even more.

What's better than telling you what to do? Yes, showing you how it's done. In our reaction paper example, you will see what an excellent reaction paper consists of and how small details can advance your essay.

Check out our sample reaction paper pdf below.

Final Words

Our tips and tricks on how to write a compelling reaction paper will get you an A+. Reflect on your thoughts and feelings, be clear, support your ideas with evidence, and remain objective. Review our reaction paper sample and learn how to write a high-quality academic paper.

Get professional research paper writing services from our experienced writers to ensure high grades. We offer a wide range of aid, including nursing essay writing services . Contact us today for reliable and high-quality essay writing services.

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How to Write a Reaction Paper: Format, Template, & Reaction Paper Examples

A reaction paper is one of the assignments you can get in college. It may seem easy at first glance, similar to a diary entry requiring your reaction to an article, a literature piece, or a movie. However, writing a high-quality paper often turns into a challenge. Here is a handy guide on how to write a reaction paper, with examples and topic suggestions.

  • ❓ What Is a Reaction Paper?

✍️ Reaction Paper Format

  • 🤔 How to Write a Reaction Paper

💭 Reaction Paper Questions

  • 📋 Transitional Words

🔍 Reaction Paper Examples

  • ⁉️ Questions and Answers

🔗 References

❓ what is a reaction paper assignment.

A reaction paper (or response paper) is an academic assignment urging students to explain what they feel about something . When crafting a good reaction piece, the student should aim to clarify what they think, agree or disagree with, and how they would identify with the object regarding their life experiences. The object of your response may be a painting, a book, an academic publication, or a documentary.

This task is not a simple summary of the text or film you’re assigned to. Neither is it a research paper; you don’t need to use external sources in a reaction paper. Thus, the writing process may seem confusing to newbies. Let’s clarify its main elements and features to help you out.

Every academic assignment has a specific structure and requirements to follow. Here we discuss the major elements of the response paper format to guide you through its components and the composition algorithm. As soon as you capture the structure, you can write stellar texts without a problem.

Reaction Paper Template

Every critical reaction paper follows the standard essay outline, with the introduction, the main body, and the conclusion as to its main parts. Here is a more detailed breakdown of each component:

  • Introduction . You present the subject and set the context for the readers.
  • Body . This part is a detailed analysis of your response to the subject. You should list the main points and analyze them, relating to your feelings and experiences.
  • Wrap-up . Here you recap all major points and restate your opinion about the subject, giving it a conclusive evaluation.

Reaction Paper: APA Format

Depending on your teacher’s preferences and the academic subject, you may be given a reaction paper assignment in various referencing styles. The APA format is one of the possible variants. So, please don’t get confused about the writing approach; it only means that you should format your reaction paper according to APA conventions . These are:

  • A standard APA title page
  • One-inch margins on all sides
  • Double spacing between the lines
  • An author-date format of referencing external sources (if you use any supporting evidence)

The rest of the requirements are identical for reaction papers in all referencing formats, allowing you to choose.

🤔 How to Write a Good Reaction Paper Step-by-Step

Now, it’s time to clarify how to begin a reaction paper, what steps to take before writing, and how you will compose the entire assignment. Use our universal step-by-step guide fitting any reaction paper topic.

  • Study the prompt inside out . You should understand the prompt to craft a relevant paper that your professor will grade highly.
  • Clarify all instructions . A grave mistake that students often make is assuming they have understood everything in one go. Still, asking questions never killed anybody. So, we recommend inquiring your tutor about everything to be 100% sure you’re on the right path.
  • Study the subject of your paper . Watch a movie, look at the painting, or read the text – do everything you can to get to the depths of the author’s message and intention.
  • Make notes . Your reactions matter, as they will become the main content of your written text. So, annotate all feelings and ideas you have when studying the subject. You’ll be able to use them as writing prompts later.
  • Make a reaction essay outline . The outline is the backbone of your content, which will serve as your compass during the actual writing process.
  • Compose the draft . Use the outline as a structure and add details, evidence, and facts to support your claims. Then add an introduction and a conclusion to the final draft.
  • Edit and revise . To err is human; to edit is divine. Follow this golden rule to submit a polished, revised paper without errors and typos.

How to Write a Reaction Paper About a Movie?

When the subject of your reaction paper assignment is a movie, you should consider the context in which it was given. It’s probably a supporting material for your study course dedicated to a specific learning concept or theory. Thus, it would be best to look for those links when watching the assigned movie – “ Women’s Rights and Changes over the 20 th Century ” is an excellent example of this technique. It will help you draw the connections in your reaction paper, showing your professor that you understand the material and can relate theory and practice.

The steps you need to take are as follows:

  • Watch the film . It’s better to do it 2-3 times to capture all the tiny details.
  • Take notes . Record the film’s central themes, messages, character traits, and relationships.
  • Focus on a relevant element of the film in your response . If it’s a Film Studies class, you may write about the stylistic means and shooting techniques that the director used. If it’s a psychology class, you may write about characters and their relationships. If you need to compose a Sociology or Politics reaction paper, you may focus on the context of the film’s events.
  • Revise the draft . Careful editing can save your grade, helping you locate minor errors, typos, and inconsistencies. Always reserve some time for a final look at your text.

How to Write a Reaction Paper to a Documentary?

Documentaries are also frequently chosen as subjects for reaction papers. They present valid, objective data about a specific event, person, or phenomenon and serve as informative, educational material for students. Here’s what you need to do if you get such a task:

  • Watch the documentary several times . Watch it several times to understand everything nicely. It’s usually a much more data-rich video piece than a fiction film is, so you’ll need to take many notes.
  • Present your documentary in the background of your reaction paper . Set the context for further discussion by naming the author, explaining its topic and content, and presenting its central claim.
  • Talk about the documentary’s purpose at length . Please focus on the details and major claims made by the director; present relevant facts you’ve learned from it.
  • React to the documentary’s content and explain how you felt about it . State what points you agree with and what ideas seem controversial; explain why you agree or disagree with the director’s position.

A vital aspect of a response to a documentary is comparing what you knew and thought about the subject before and after watching it. It’s a significant learning experience you should share, showing whether you have managed to progress through the studies and acquire new information. Look through the “ Alive Inside: A Story of Music and Memory ” reaction paper to get a clear idea of how it works.

How to Write a Reaction Paper to an Article?

Once you get a home task to write a reaction paper to an article, you should follow this algorithm:

  • Read the article several times to understand it well . Make notes every time you read; new shades of meaning and details will emerge.
  • Explain the key claims and terms of the article in your own words, as simply as possible . Then respond to them by evaluating the strength of those claims and their relevance.
  • Assess the author’s stand and state whether you agree with it . Always give details about why you do or don’t support the author’s position.
  • Question the evidence provided by the author and analyze it with additional sources, if necessary.

Please don’t forget about the following writing conventions:

An excellent example of a response paper to an article is “ Gay Marriage: Disputes and the Ethical Dilemma .”

Tips for Writing a Psychology Reaction Paper

If you were tasked with writing a reaction paper for a Psychology class, use the following tips to excel in this assignment.

  • Identify the subject you need to react to . It may be a psychological theory, a book or article on psychology, or a video of a psychologist’s performance.
  • Study the subject in detail . You need to understand it to form specific reactions, give informed commentary, and evaluate the presented claims effectively.
  • Think about the topic’s relevance to modern times . Is the theory/book/article consistent with the ideas people hold today? Has there been any criticism of these ideas published recently? Did later research overturn the theory?
  • Form a subjective response to the assigned subject . Do you agree with that position? Do you consider it relevant to your life experience? What feelings does it arouse in you?

By approaching a psychology piece with all these questions, you can create a high-quality response based on valid data, reflecting your reactions and opinions. Look through “ Peer Interaction in Mergers: Evidence of Collective Rumination ” to see how it can be done.

Reaction essay writing is a process that you can start only after answering essential questions about the content and your feelings. Here are some examples to ask yourself when preparing for the writing stage.

  • What is the author’s key message or problem addressed in the piece?
  • What purpose did the author pursue when creating this text/movie/sculpture/painting? Did the author fulfill it successfully?
  • What point does the author intend to make with their work of art/literature?
  • What assumptions can I trace throughout the subject, and how do they shape its content/look?
  • What supporting facts, arguments, and opinion does the author use to substantiate their claims? Are they of high quality? What is their persuasive power?
  • What counterarguments can I formulate to the claims made by the author?
  • Is the raised issue relevant/interesting/significant?
  • What are the author’s primary symbols or figurative means to pass their message across?
  • Do I like or dislike the piece overall? What elements contribute to a positive/negative impression?
  • How does this piece/subject correlate with my life experience and context?
  • How can the reflections derived from this subject inform my life and studies?
  • What lesson can I learn from this subject?

📋 Transitional Words for Reaction Paper

When you write a reaction paper, you express a personal opinion about a subject you have studied (a visual artwork or a text). However, the subjective nature of this assignment doesn’t mean that you should speak blatantly without caring about other people’s emotions and reactions. It’s critical to sound polite and use inclusive language.

Besides, you need to substantiate your points instead of simply stating that something is good or bad. Here are some linguistic means to help you develop a coherent reaction text:

  • I think/feel/believe that
  • It seems that
  • In my opinion
  • For example / as an illustration / as a case in point
  • In contrast
  • I think / I strongly believe / from my point of view
  • I am confident that
  • For all these reasons
  • Finally / in conclusion

It’s not mandatory to squeeze all these phrases into your text. Choose some of them sparingly depending on the context; they will make your essay flow better.

Here is a short reaction paper example you can use as practical guidance. It is dedicated to the famous movie “Memento” by Christopher Nolan.

Memento is a movie about a man with a rare neurological condition – anterograde amnesia – seeking revenge for the rape and murder of his wife. He struggles to remember the recent events and creates various hints in notes and tattoos to keep the focus on his mission. Throughout the film, he meets different people who play weird roles in his life, contributing to the puzzle set by the director in the reverse scene presentation.

My first impression of the movie was confusing, as it took me half of the film to realize that the scenes were organized in the reverse order. Once the plot structure became more apparent, I opened many themes in the movie and enjoyed it until the end. Because of the severe brain damage, Leonard could not determine whether the story of his wife’s rape and murder was real, whether he had already been revenged for her death, and whether he was a hero or a villain. Thus, for me, the film was about a painful effort to restore one’s identity and seek life meaning amid the ruining memory and lost self.

The overall approach of Christopher Nolan deserves a separate mention. A unique design of shots’ sequence and the mix of chronological black-and-white and reverse chronological colored scenes is a puzzle that a viewer needs to solve. Thus, it becomes a separate thrilling adventure from the film’s storyline. My overall impression was positive, as I love Christopher Nolan’s auteur approach to filmmaking and the unique set of themes and characters he chooses for artistic portrayal.

Another example of a reaction paper we’ve prepared for you presents a reaction to “Night” by Elie Wiesel.

The horrors of World War II and concentration camps arranged by Nazis come to life when one reads Elie Wiesel’s Night. It is a literary piece composed by a person who lived in a concentration camp and went through the inhumane struggles and tortures of the Nazi regime . Though Wiesel survived, he portrayed that life-changing experience in much detail, reflecting upon the changes the threat of death makes to people’s character, relationships, and morality.

One of the passages that stroke me most was people’s cruelty toward their dearest relatives in the face of death. The son of Rabbi Eliahou decided to abandon his father because of his age and weakness, considering him a burden. This episode showed that some people adopt animal-like behavior to save their lives, forgetting about the cherished bonds with their parents. Such changes could not help but leave a scar on Elie’s soul, contributing to his loss of faith because of the cruelty around him.

However, amid the horror and cruelty that Elie Wiesel depicted in his book, the central message for me was the strength of the human spirit and the ability to withstand the darkness of evil. Wiesel was a living witness to human resilience. He witnessed numerous deaths and lost faith in God, but his survival symbolizes hope for a positive resolution of the darkest, unfairest times. Though reading “Night” left me with a heavy, pessimistic impression, I still believe that only such works can teach people peace and friendship, hoping that night will never come again.

The third sample reaction paper prepared by our pros deals with the article of David Dobbs titled “The Science of Success.”

The article “ The Science of Success ,” written by David Dobbs in 2009, presents an innovative theory of behavioral genetics. The author lays out the findings of a longitudinal study held by Marian Bakermans-Kranenbug and her team related to the evolution of children with externalizing behaviors. Their study presents a new perspective on the unique combination of genetics, environment, parenting approaches, and its impact on children’s mental health in adulthood.

The claim of Dobbs I found extremely convincing was the impact of mothers’ constructive parenting techniques on the intensity of externalizing behaviors. Though most children learn self-control with age and become calmer and more cooperative as they grow up, waiting for that moment is unhealthy for the child’s psyche. I agree that parents can help their children overcome externalizing behaviors with calm activities they all enjoy, such as reading books. Thus, the reading intervention can make a difference in children’s psychological health, teaching them self-control and giving their parents a break.

However, the second part of the article about “dandelion” and “orchid” children and their vulnerability caused more questions in me. I did not find the evidence convincing, as the claims about behavioral genetics seemed generic and self-obvious. Children raised in high-risk environments often develop depression, substance abuse, and proneness to criminality. However, Dobbs presented that trend as a groundbreaking discovery, which is debatable. Thus, I found this piece of evidence not convincing.

As you can see, reaction paper writing is an art in itself. You can compose such assignments better by mastering the techniques and valuable phrases we’ve discussed. Still, even if you lack time or motivation for independent writing, our team is on standby 24/7. Turn to us for help, and you’ll get a stellar reaction paper in no time.

⁉️ Reaction Paper Questions and Answers

What words do you use to start a reaction paper.

First, you need to introduce the subject of your paper. Name the author and the type of work you’re responding to; clarify whether it’s a film, a text, or a work of art. Next, you need to voice your opinion and evaluate the assigned subject. You can use phrases like, “I think… In my opinion… My first reaction was… I was touched by…”.

What Is the Difference Between Reflection and Reaction Paper?

The main distinction between reflection and reaction essays is their focus on the subject. A reaction paper approaches it from the viewpoint of your evaluation of the content and message of the assigned topic. It deals with how you felt about it, whether you liked it, and what thoughts it evoked in you. A reflection, in its turn, deals with your perceptions and beliefs. It focuses on the transformational experiences of either changing or reinforcing one’s views upon seeing or reading something.

What Is the Purpose of Reaction Paper?

The primary purpose of writing a reaction paper is to communicate your experience of reading, watching, or to see a subject (e.g., a movie, a book, or a sculpture). You should explain how you captured the author’s message, what you felt when exposed to that subject, and what message you derived. You can cite details and discuss your reactions to them before forming the general evaluation.

Can You Use “I” in a Reaction Paper?

Students can use the first-person “I” when writing reaction pieces. The use of the first person is generally banned in academic research and writing, but reflections and response papers are exceptions to this rule. It’s hard to compose a personal, subjective evaluation of an assigned subject without referring to your thoughts, ideas, and opinions. In this academic assignment, you can use phrases like “I believe… I think… I feel…”.

  • Reaction vs. Reflection Paper: What’s the Difference? Indeed Editorial Team .
  • Response Paper, Thompson Writing Program, Duke University . Guidelines for Reaction Papers, ETH Zürich .
  • Film Reaction Papers, Laulima .
  • How to Make a Reaction Paper Paragraph, Classroom, Nadine Smith .
  • How to Write a Response Paper, ThoughtCo, Grace Fleming .
  • Reviews and Reaction papers, UMGC .
  • Reaction Paper, University of Arkansas .
  • How to Write a Reaction Paper, WikiHow, Rachel Scoggins .
  • How to Write a Reaction (Steps Plus Helpful Tips), Indeed Editorial Team .
  • Response Paper, Lund University .
  • How to Write a Reaction Paper in 4 Easy Steps, Cornell CS .
  • Response Papers, Fred Meijer Center for Writing & Michigan Authors, Grand Valley State University .
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How to Write a Reaction Paper

Last Updated: September 15, 2022 Fact Checked

This article was co-authored by Rachel Scoggins, PhD . Rachel Scoggins is a Visiting Assistant Professor of English at Lander University. Rachel's work has been presented at the South Atlantic Modern Language Association and the Georgia International Conference on Information Literacy. She received her PhD in Literary Studies from Georgia State University in 2016. There are 9 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been fact-checked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources. This article has been viewed 1,132,753 times.

A reaction or response paper requires the writer to analyze a text, then develop commentary related to it. It is a popular academic assignment because it requires thoughtful reading, research, and writing. You can learn how to write a reaction paper by following these writing tips.

Prewriting and Actively Reading

Step 1 Understand the purpose of a reaction paper.

  • When you respond to the text, back up your ideas with evidence from the text along with your own connection of ideas, texts, and overarching concepts. If you are asked to agree or disagree, you have to provide convincing evidence about why you feel this way. [2] X Research source
  • If responding to multiple texts, you must analyze how the texts relate. If responding to one text, you probably should connect the text to overarching concepts and themes you have discussed in the class.
  • The same assignment may also be given to films, lectures, field trips, labs, or even class discussions.
  • A reaction paper is not a summary of the text. It also does not state, "I liked this book because it was interesting" or "I hated this because it was boring." [3] X Research source

Step 2 Figure out what the assignment is asking.

  • If you are unsure, ask the teacher to clarify what they expect from the assignment.
  • You may be asked to react to the text in light of another text. If this is the case, you will want to use quotations from both texts in your writing.
  • You may be asked to react to the text in the light of the class themes. For example, if you read a book in a Sociology of Gender Roles class, you will want to read, annotate, and react based on how gender roles are described in the book.
  • You may be asked to react personally to the text. This is less common, but occasionally the teacher simply wants to know if you have read the text and thought about it. In this case, you should focus on your opinions of the book.

Step 3 Read the text you are assigned right after it is assigned.

  • One of the biggest mistakes that students make is waiting until the last minute to read and react. A reaction is a thoughtful consideration after reading and rereading several times.
  • You may need to reread the text multiple times. First, to read and familiarize yourself with the text, then again to start thinking about the assignment and your reactions.

Step 4 Write down your initial reactions.

  • Try completing some of the following sentences after you read: I think that..., I see that..., I feel that..., It seems that..., or In my opinion...

Step 5 Annotate the text as you read.

  • What issues or problems does the author address?
  • What is the author's main point?
  • What points or assumptions does the author make, and how does she back that up?
  • What are strengths and weaknesses? Where are problems with the argument?
  • How do the texts relate? (if multiple texts)
  • How do these ideas connect to the overall ideas of the class/unit/etc?

Drafting Your Essay

Step 1 Freewrite.

  • When you finish, read back over what you've just written. Determine what your strongest and most convincing reactions are. Prioritize your points.

Step 2 Decide on your angle.

  • Think about why the author has written the article or story as they have. Why did he structure things in this particular way? How does this relate to the outside world? [7] X Research source

Step 3 Determine your thesis.

  • Your thesis will be one statement that explains what you will analyze, criticize, or try to prove about the text. It will force your reaction paper to remain focused.

Step 4 Organize your paper.

  • For example, if you are reacting to a theme in a book, you can split the paragraphs into how the setting, antagonist, and figurative imagery communicate the themes successfully or unsuccessfully.

Step 5 Gather quotations.

  • Draft paragraphs that introduce quotations, analyze them, and comment on them.

Step 6 Structure your paragraphs.

  • A good way to think about structuring your paragraph is: detail, example/quotation, commentary/evaluation, repeat.

Writing Your Final Draft

Step 1 Write your introduction.

  • The last sentence of your introduction should be your thesis.

Step 2 Reread your reaction paragraphs to ensure you make a stance.

  • Look for places where you simply report what the texts says instead of providing a critique or evaluation of what the text says.

Step 3 Explain the greater implications of the text for the class, author, audience, or yourself.

  • If you have been asked to give a statement about your personal opinion, the conclusion may be the best place to insert it. Some teachers may allow you to state the personal opinions in the body paragraphs. Make sure to double check with the teacher first.

Step 4 Edit for clarity and length.

  • Read through for clarity. Are your sentences clear? Have you supported and fully argued your points? Is there any place where you're confusing?

Step 5 Proof and spell check your document.

Writing Help

how to write a reaction paper about a video example

Community Q&A

Community Answer

  • Look for things the author leaves out or raise counterarguments when an argument is weak. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
  • Don't wait too long between reading the text and writing the paper. You don't want to forget important details. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
  • This paper is not autobiographical. It's not about how you feel, how you were in the same situation, or how this relates to your life. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0

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  • ↑ https://www.umgc.edu/current-students/learning-resources/writing-center/online-guide-to-writing/tutorial/chapter8/ch8-14
  • ↑ http://www.esc.edu/online-writing-center/resources/academic-writing/types/summary-reaction-papers/
  • ↑ http://utminers.utep.edu/omwilliamson/engl0310link/readerresponse.htm
  • ↑ https://www.hunter.cuny.edu/rwc/handouts/the-writing-process-1/invention/Writing-a-Response-or-Reaction-Paper
  • ↑ http://study.com/articles/Step-by-Step_Guide_to_Writing_a_Great_Reading_Response_Paper.html
  • ↑ https://writingcenter.unc.edu/tips-and-tools/quotations/
  • ↑ https://success.uark.edu/get-help/student-resources/reaction-paper.php
  • ↑ https://writingcenter.unc.edu/tips-and-tools/introductions/
  • ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/the_writing_process/proofreading/proofreading_for_errors.html

About This Article

Rachel Scoggins, PhD

To write a reaction paper, start by carefully analyzing the thing you're supposed to be reacting to. Then, write down your initial reactions and thoughts. Try to come up with an angle for your paper, like that you disagree with the subject or that you think it has a deeper meaning. Once you've got an angle, summarize it in the introduction of your paper and use the body paragraphs to support it. Remember to use direct quotes and specific examples to back up what you're saying. When you're finished, reread your paper to make sure your angle is clear. If you want to learn how to set up topic sentences in your paragraphs from our Literary Studies Ph.D. co-author, keep reading! Did this summary help you? Yes No

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How to Write a Reaction Paper

How to Write a Reaction Paper

how to write a reaction paper about a video example

Guide for Writing a Reaction Paper

A reaction paper is a common assignment in most high schools and universities. It gives students the chance to show their understanding of source material by asking them to summarize, analyze, and give their personal opinion. A reaction paper requires critical thinking as well as creative writing skills, so it can be a challenge to write. Whether you were looking for the answer on how to write a reaction paper about a movie, how to write a reaction paper example, or how to write a reaction paper to an article, you will learn everything you need including a step-by-step guide and an outline here!  

What is Reaction Paper?

A reaction paper is a written assignment that asks a student to briefly summarize and then give personal opinions about a book, article, video, etc. Unlike a critique or review, the main focus is on the personal opinions, thoughts, feelings, and reactions of the student.

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How to Write a Good Reaction Paper?

Writing a reaction paper takes time and effort and there are several steps to take before getting to the actual writing. These steps will help you understand the source material as well as help structure the eventual paper. 

What is the purpose? 

Not all reaction papers have the same purpose. While all of them ask you to analyze and give opinions about the source material, the focus of the analysis can be different. Make sure you carefully read the guidelines of the assignment and if you have any questions ask your professor for clarifications.

  • Figure out whether the emphasis should be on the analysis or on your personal opinion and reaction.
  • The professor may ask you to react to the source material in a way that relates to the course that you are taking. For example, a reaction paper for a sociology class will be different from a reaction paper for an economics class even if the source material is the same.
  • Sometimes you may be asked to compare one source material to another piece of writing similar to a compare and contrast essay. 
  • A reaction paper can focus more on objective analysis or subjective opinion
  • Remember that the goal of a reaction paper is not just to state your opinion. Any claim you make must be backed up by evidence from the source material.
  • The purpose of a reaction paper is not to say whether you liked the source material or not, it is to analyze it and connect its deeper meanings to larger themes. 

Go over the source material several times

Just because it's called a reaction paper doesn't mean you can get away with going over the source material once and then quickly writing down what you felt about it. Even if you are trying to learn how to write a reaction paper to a movie, you can't just watch the movie once. Make sure that you give yourself enough time to go over the source material at least a few times. Not only do you have to understand every element of the source material, but you also need time to process, think about, analyze, and make connections. 

While it's good to think about deeper concepts when going through the source material for the first time, just focus on getting a general feeling about the article or movie. Focus on your specific insights and reactions when going over the source material for the second and third times. 

What to do after your first go through

After the first time you read the article or watch the video, spend some time writing down your initial reactions. Think of this as a brainstorming session where there are no bad ideas, write down whatever you want. This can include opinions of what you thought the strengths and weaknesses were, what you liked and didn't like, deeper meanings and connections that jumped out at you, connections to your course,  etc. 

The importance of notes

After you have your initial reactions down, it's time to go over the source material again and take in-depth notes. If it’s an article or a book, print it out so that you can take notes in the margins.  Highlight important quotes or pieces of information, draw arrows connecting different sections, write yourself notes and reminders in the margins, draw diagrams that help you understand the structure of the article, do whatever helps you understand the material better. No one else is going to see the notes you make so be as creative as you want to be. The more time you spend taking notes the better you will understand the source material and the easier writing the reaction paper will be.

Craft a thesis statement

Think of a thesis statement for a reaction paper as the main takeaway from your analysis. A good thesis statement is concise and focused. It should help guide the rest of your paper with every paragraph lending support to your thesis statement. You can come up with a thesis statement by asking yourself what the goal of the author was, how the source material impacts the world, what are the motivations of the main characters, what was the purpose of the source material, what were the major strengths or weaknesses of the source material, etc.

Paragraph Structure

Making a reaction paper outline is a useful endeavor because it helps organize your notes and understand the flow of the paper overall.  A reaction paper follows a typical five-paragraph essay format with an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The next section will go in-depth into how to write a reaction paper section by section. 

In general, the first introductory paragraph should contain a brief summary of the source material. The body paragraphs should start with a clear topic sentence followed by evidence for the claim that you are making, and the conclusion should reiterate the thesis and main evidence.

When making an outline, write down the topic sentence and then a quick list of evidence that backs it up. Make sure that each paragraph connects to your thesis statement so that you don't lose focus during the paper. A useful way to structure each paragraph is to first elaborate on something from the source material and then give your opinion backed by evidence.

Using quotations

Once you have an outline and understand how the paragraphs will be structured, go through your notes and find specific quotations from the text that back up your claims. Don't just list quotations, make sure you analyze them and explain why they are important as evidence.  Depending on the word count of the assignment you should limit the length of quotations and paraphrase when necessary. 

Revise and Edit

Once you're done writing your paper make sure that you go over it a few times. This is to get rid of typos and other silly mistakes, but more importantly to check for flow and clarity. You may find that certain paragraphs work better in a different order, or even that certain topic sentences don't back up the thesis statement. This is your chance to make your paper the best it can possibly be, so make sure you spend some time reviewing and editing. 

Double-check your assignment guidelines

It's always a good idea to check your assignment guidelines once you are done with any type of assignment. You’ve put in all the hard work and you don't want to get a lower grade than you deserve because of something silly. Question what the assignment guidelines are asking you to do and make sure that you have followed all the rules.

Did you like our Reaction Paper Guide?

For more help, tap into our pool of professional writers and get expert essay editing services!

A reaction paper follows a typical five-paragraph format structure of essay writing. Let's take a look at each section. 

Introduction

Like any type of writing, the first sentence of a reaction paper should engage the reader and make them want to find out more. Write a catchy hook by making a provocative statement about the source material, hinting at an interesting conclusion or reaction, stating an interesting fact or anecdote, etc.

Next, give some background information about the source material including the name of the article, the author, where and when it was published, any awards won, etc.  

Follow this up with a concise summary of the source material. Remember, the goal of a reaction paper is to objectively analyze and then give personal opinions backed by evidence, so don’t take a lot of time on the summary in the introduction. The goal of the summary is to give readers an idea of what the source material is about, so highlight the most important elements and skip details. Specific information about the source material will come up as quotations and evidence in the body paragraphs. 

End with your thesis statement.

Depending on the purpose of the assignment, your first body paragraph may be an expanded version of a summary or evaluation of the source material. 

More typically the body paragraphs are where you talk about your reactions to the source material and back it up with evidence. Make sure that each body paragraph talks only about 1 claim you are making and that each body paragraph relates to your thesis statement. You can ask yourself the following questions to come up with ideas for specific body paragraphs.

  • What were the main themes of the source material and how do they connect with your thesis statement?
  • Is there a connection between the source material and real-world events?
  • How does the source material relate to your course?
  • What are the major claims that the source material is making?
  • What are the strengths and weaknesses of the source material and why?
  • Did the source material impact your emotions in any way and how did it achieve it?
  • Did the source material change your perspective on an important issue?

Conclusion 

The conclusion paragraph should restate your thesis as well as the topic sentences of each paragraph. Concisely explain the main pieces of evidence you have used to support your thesis,  and briefly speak about any larger implications of the work. 

You may be required to have a brief work cited page. This will usually be quite short because the main source is the specific source material. Just make sure to know what citation convention you need to use. 

A reaction paper is one of the most enjoyable assignments for a student because it allows you to experience and give your opinion about something you like, if you were given the freedom to choose the source material, or something interesting if it was assigned by the professor. The most important thing to remember is to stay as objective as possible while expressing your opinion by backing up any claim you make with evidence.

If you have any more questions or need any help with writing a reaction paper, the experts at Studyfy are always here for you. They offer various academic writing services, including sociology essay writing services , help with argumentative essay , write my thesis for me , and college essay writing service . Their team of experts has vast experience in writing high-quality academic papers, and they can provide you with the necessary guidance and support to excel in your coursework.

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Each semester, you will probably be asked by at least one instructor to read a book or an article (or watch a TV show or a film) and to write a paper recording your response or reaction to the material. In these reports—often referred to as response or reaction papers—your instructor will most likely expect you to do two things: summarize the material and detail your reaction to it. The following pages explain both parts of a report.

PART 1: A SUMMARY OF THE WORK

To develop the first part of a report, do the following:

  • Identify the author and title of the work and include in parentheses the publisher and publication date. For magazines, give the date of publication.
  • Write an informative summary of the material.
  • Condense the content of the work by highlighting its main points and key supporting points.
  • Use direct quotations from the work to illustrate important ideas.
  • Summarize the material so that the reader gets a general sense of all key aspects of the original work.
  • Do not discuss in great detail any single aspect of the work, and do not neglect to mention other equally important points.
  • Also, keep the summary objective and factual. Do not include in the first part of the paper your personal reaction to the work; your subjective impression will form the basis of the second part of your paper.

PART 2: YOUR REACTION TO THE WORK

To develop the second part of a report, do the following:

  • Focus on any or all of the following questions. Check with your instructor to see if s/he wants you to emphasize specific points.
  • How is the assigned work related to ideas and concerns discussed in the course for which you are preparing the paper? For example, what points made in the course textbook, class discussions, or lectures are treated more fully in the work?
  • How is the work related to problems in our present-day world?
  • How is the material related to your life, experiences, feelings and ideas? For instance, what emotions did the work arouse in you?
  • Did the work increase your understanding of a particular issue? Did it change your perspective in any way?
  • Evaluate the merit of the work: the importance of its points, its accuracy, completeness, organization, and so on.
  • You should also indicate here whether or not you would recommend the work to others, and why.

POINTS OF CONSIDERATION WHEN WRITING THE REPORT

Here are some important elements to consider as you prepare a report:

  • Apply the four basic standards of effective writing (unity, support, coherence, and clear, error-free sentences) when writing the report.
  • Make sure each major paragraph presents and then develops a single main point. For example, in the sample report that follows, the first paragraph summarizes the book, and the three paragraphs that follow detail three separate reactions of the student writer to the book. The student then closes the report with a short concluding paragraph.
  • Support any general points you make or attitudes you express with specific reasons and details. Statements such as "I agree with many ideas in this article" or "I found the book very interesting" are meaningless without specific evidence that shows why you feel as you do. Look at the sample report closely to see how the main point or topic sentence of each paragraph is developed by specific supporting evidence.
  • Organize your material. Follow the basic plan of organization explained above: a summary of one or more paragraphs, a reaction of two or more paragraphs, and a conclusion. Also, use transitions to make the relationships among ideas in the paper clear.
  • Edit the paper carefully for errors in grammar, mechanics, punctuation, word use, and spelling.
  • Cite paraphrased or quoted material from the book or article you are writing about, or from any other works, by using the appropriate documentation style. If you are unsure what documentation style is required or recommended, ask you instructor.
  • You may use quotations in the summary and reaction parts of the paper, but do not rely on them too much. Use them only to emphasize key ideas.
  • Publishing information can be incorporated parenthetically or at the bottom of the page in a footnote. Consult with your instructor to determine what publishing information is necessary and where it should be placed.

A SAMPLE RESPONSE OR REACTION PAPER

Here is a report written by a student in an introductory psychology course. Look at the paper closely to see how it follows the guidelines for report writing described above.

Part 1: Summary

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Online Guide to Writing and Research

Other frequently assigned papers, explore more of umgc.

  • Online Guide to Writing

Reviews and Reaction Papers

Reaction papers.

Some assignments may require you to formulate a reaction to your readings, to your instructor’s lectures and comments, or even to your classmates. You may even be asked to write a reaction assignment in a journal. This type of writing is called reaction writing. Reaction writing may be informal or formal and is primarily analytical; reactions may be included in critiques, reviews, illustrations of ideas, or judgments of a concept or theory.

How do you get started with reaction writing? Here are some important things to consider:

Reactions require close reading of the text you are reacting to. Having a strong understanding of what you have read is the first step in reaction writing. 

Like reviews, reactions go beyond the literal content of the text, requiring that you bring to the text meaning not explicitly stated, to elaborate on or explore the implications of the author’s ideas. 

Your reactions may include your subjective interpretations; you may even use the first-person narrator “I.” Your reaction paper need not follow the organization and ordering of the text you are writing about; in fact, reactions can begin with the last point the author made and then move to other points made earlier. 

Reactions can be about one or many of the author’s ideas. Although the reactions are focused on your own thinking, you can also include summaries, paraphrases, or quotations from the examined text.

The organization of a reaction varies according to the audience, purpose, and limitations of your assignment. 

You may use a general-to-specific or specific-to-general organization. 

You may use a structured format, such as those for argument, or you may use an informal one of your choosing. 

However you organize your reaction paper, be sure that your approach emphasizes and reflects your analysis and serious consideration of the author’s text.

Writing reactive assignments enables you to examine relationships of ideas among the various parts of the passages, and between the author’s ideas about a given topic and your preexisting knowledge of and experiences with the topic. When you relate your own ideas to the author’s, you can bring your personal knowledge and experience to bear on the topic in such a way as to analyze the author’s message in a familiar context. When you carry on a dialogue with the author, you are expanding and speculating on the author’s ideas—entering an academic conversation with the author.

Writing reactions usually calls for an expressive writing style in which you can let your thoughts flow, be imaginative, and experiment with language. Although reactions often seem like freewriting or reacting in continuous writing, you want to organize your thoughts with a thesis, introduction and conclusion, and supporting statements. In fact, your reaction may take the form of a formal or informal argument. (Refer to the discussion in this chapter on writing arguments for details.)

Consider these general steps as you plan your writing:

First, freewrite in order to expand and speculate on the author’s ideas.

Decide on your working thesis statement.

Select and prioritize the particular reactions you want to include.

Decide on your organization and format (e.g., online or formal writing assignment).

Draft your reaction paper.

Write your introduction and concluding paragraphs.

Revise your final thesis statement and draft.

Mailing Address: 3501 University Blvd. East, Adelphi, MD 20783 This work is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License . © 2022 UMGC. All links to external sites were verified at the time of publication. UMGC is not responsible for the validity or integrity of information located at external sites.

Table of Contents: Online Guide to Writing

Chapter 1: College Writing

How Does College Writing Differ from Workplace Writing?

What Is College Writing?

Why So Much Emphasis on Writing?

Chapter 2: The Writing Process

Doing Exploratory Research

Getting from Notes to Your Draft

Introduction

Prewriting - Techniques to Get Started - Mining Your Intuition

Prewriting: Targeting Your Audience

Prewriting: Techniques to Get Started

Prewriting: Understanding Your Assignment

Rewriting: Being Your Own Critic

Rewriting: Creating a Revision Strategy

Rewriting: Getting Feedback

Rewriting: The Final Draft

Techniques to Get Started - Outlining

Techniques to Get Started - Using Systematic Techniques

Thesis Statement and Controlling Idea

Writing: Getting from Notes to Your Draft - Freewriting

Writing: Getting from Notes to Your Draft - Summarizing Your Ideas

Writing: Outlining What You Will Write

Chapter 3: Thinking Strategies

A Word About Style, Voice, and Tone

A Word About Style, Voice, and Tone: Style Through Vocabulary and Diction

Critical Strategies and Writing

Critical Strategies and Writing: Analysis

Critical Strategies and Writing: Evaluation

Critical Strategies and Writing: Persuasion

Critical Strategies and Writing: Synthesis

Developing a Paper Using Strategies

Kinds of Assignments You Will Write

Patterns for Presenting Information

Patterns for Presenting Information: Critiques

Patterns for Presenting Information: Discussing Raw Data

Patterns for Presenting Information: General-to-Specific Pattern

Patterns for Presenting Information: Problem-Cause-Solution Pattern

Patterns for Presenting Information: Specific-to-General Pattern

Patterns for Presenting Information: Summaries and Abstracts

Supporting with Research and Examples

Writing Essay Examinations

Writing Essay Examinations: Make Your Answer Relevant and Complete

Writing Essay Examinations: Organize Thinking Before Writing

Writing Essay Examinations: Read and Understand the Question

Chapter 4: The Research Process

Planning and Writing a Research Paper

Planning and Writing a Research Paper: Ask a Research Question

Planning and Writing a Research Paper: Cite Sources

Planning and Writing a Research Paper: Collect Evidence

Planning and Writing a Research Paper: Decide Your Point of View, or Role, for Your Research

Planning and Writing a Research Paper: Draw Conclusions

Planning and Writing a Research Paper: Find a Topic and Get an Overview

Planning and Writing a Research Paper: Manage Your Resources

Planning and Writing a Research Paper: Outline

Planning and Writing a Research Paper: Survey the Literature

Planning and Writing a Research Paper: Work Your Sources into Your Research Writing

Research Resources: Where Are Research Resources Found? - Human Resources

Research Resources: What Are Research Resources?

Research Resources: Where Are Research Resources Found?

Research Resources: Where Are Research Resources Found? - Electronic Resources

Research Resources: Where Are Research Resources Found? - Print Resources

Structuring the Research Paper: Formal Research Structure

Structuring the Research Paper: Informal Research Structure

The Nature of Research

The Research Assignment: How Should Research Sources Be Evaluated?

The Research Assignment: When Is Research Needed?

The Research Assignment: Why Perform Research?

Chapter 5: Academic Integrity

Academic Integrity

Giving Credit to Sources

Giving Credit to Sources: Copyright Laws

Giving Credit to Sources: Documentation

Giving Credit to Sources: Style Guides

Integrating Sources

Practicing Academic Integrity

Practicing Academic Integrity: Keeping Accurate Records

Practicing Academic Integrity: Managing Source Material

Practicing Academic Integrity: Managing Source Material - Paraphrasing Your Source

Practicing Academic Integrity: Managing Source Material - Quoting Your Source

Practicing Academic Integrity: Managing Source Material - Summarizing Your Sources

Types of Documentation

Types of Documentation: Bibliographies and Source Lists

Types of Documentation: Citing World Wide Web Sources

Types of Documentation: In-Text or Parenthetical Citations

Types of Documentation: In-Text or Parenthetical Citations - APA Style

Types of Documentation: In-Text or Parenthetical Citations - CSE/CBE Style

Types of Documentation: In-Text or Parenthetical Citations - Chicago Style

Types of Documentation: In-Text or Parenthetical Citations - MLA Style

Types of Documentation: Note Citations

Chapter 6: Using Library Resources

Finding Library Resources

Chapter 7: Assessing Your Writing

How Is Writing Graded?

How Is Writing Graded?: A General Assessment Tool

The Draft Stage

The Draft Stage: The First Draft

The Draft Stage: The Revision Process and the Final Draft

The Draft Stage: Using Feedback

The Research Stage

Using Assessment to Improve Your Writing

Chapter 8: Other Frequently Assigned Papers

Reviews and Reaction Papers: Article and Book Reviews

Reviews and Reaction Papers: Reaction Papers

Writing Arguments

Writing Arguments: Adapting the Argument Structure

Writing Arguments: Purposes of Argument

Writing Arguments: References to Consult for Writing Arguments

Writing Arguments: Steps to Writing an Argument - Anticipate Active Opposition

Writing Arguments: Steps to Writing an Argument - Determine Your Organization

Writing Arguments: Steps to Writing an Argument - Develop Your Argument

Writing Arguments: Steps to Writing an Argument - Introduce Your Argument

Writing Arguments: Steps to Writing an Argument - State Your Thesis or Proposition

Writing Arguments: Steps to Writing an Argument - Write Your Conclusion

Writing Arguments: Types of Argument

Appendix A: Books to Help Improve Your Writing

Dictionaries

General Style Manuals

Researching on the Internet

Special Style Manuals

Writing Handbooks

Appendix B: Collaborative Writing and Peer Reviewing

Collaborative Writing: Assignments to Accompany the Group Project

Collaborative Writing: Informal Progress Report

Collaborative Writing: Issues to Resolve

Collaborative Writing: Methodology

Collaborative Writing: Peer Evaluation

Collaborative Writing: Tasks of Collaborative Writing Group Members

Collaborative Writing: Writing Plan

General Introduction

Peer Reviewing

Appendix C: Developing an Improvement Plan

Working with Your Instructor’s Comments and Grades

Appendix D: Writing Plan and Project Schedule

Devising a Writing Project Plan and Schedule

Reviewing Your Plan with Others

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Write an Outstanding Reaction Paper in APA Style

how to write a reaction paper about a video example

Introduction

Welcome to The Knowledge Nest, your ultimate resource for learning how to write an outstanding reaction paper in APA style. In this comprehensive guide, we will provide you with valuable insights, tips, and step-by-step instructions to help you create a high-quality and well-structured reaction paper that will impress your readers.

Understanding APA Style

Before we delve into the specifics of writing a reaction paper, it's important to have a clear understanding of the APA (American Psychological Association) style. APA style is widely used in the social sciences and is known for its specific guidelines on formatting, citing sources, and organizing written works.

Key Elements of a Reaction Paper

A reaction paper is a critical response to a particular text, article, book, or any other piece of literature. When writing a reaction paper, there are several key elements that you need to keep in mind:

  • Summary: Start your reaction paper with a brief summary of the text you are reacting to. Provide enough information to give your readers a clear idea of what the text is about.
  • Analysis: After summarizing the text, delve into a detailed analysis of its content. Discuss the author's main ideas, arguments, and evidence. Offer your own insights and interpretations, supported by solid evidence.
  • Impact: Reflect on the impact the text has had on you personally and intellectually. Did it change your perspective? Did it resonate with your own experiences? Discuss how the text has affected you and why.
  • Critical Evaluation: Provide a critical evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of the text. Identify any logical fallacies, biases, or gaps in the author's argumentation.
  • Connection to Course Material: If you are writing a reaction paper for a specific course, make sure to connect the text to the themes, concepts, or theories discussed in the course. Show the relevance of the text to the course material.
  • APA Formatting: Ensure that your reaction paper adheres to APA formatting guidelines in terms of font, margins, spacing, and citation style.

Step-by-Step Guide for Writing a Reaction Paper

Step 1: read and understand the text.

Before you can write an effective reaction paper, it is crucial to read and thoroughly understand the text you are reacting to. Take notes, highlight important points, and make sure you have a solid grasp of the author's main arguments and ideas.

Step 2: Write a Summary of the Text

Begin your reaction paper with a concise summary of the text. Summarize the main points, key arguments, and supporting evidence presented by the author. Be objective and provide enough information to give your readers a clear understanding of the text's content.

Step 3: Analyze the Content and Organize Your Thoughts

After summarizing the text, delve into a detailed analysis of its content. Identify the author's main ideas, arguments, and evidence. Evaluate the effectiveness of the author's arguments and discuss any counterarguments. Organize your thoughts and supporting evidence to create a well-structured reaction paper.

Step 4: Include Personal Reflections and Reactions

A reaction paper is not merely a summary or analysis; it also requires your personal reflections and reactions to the text. Discuss how the text impacted you personally and intellectually. Did it challenge your beliefs? Did it inspire you? Share your genuine thoughts and emotions.

Step 5: Evaluate the Strengths and Weaknesses

In this step, critically evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the text. Identify any logical fallacies, biases, or gaps in the author's arguments. Provide examples and evidence to support your evaluation. Remember to be fair and balanced in your critique.

Step 6: Connect the Text to Course Material

If you are writing a reaction paper for a specific course, make connections between the text and the course material. Discuss how the text relates to the themes, concepts, or theories covered in the course. Demonstrate your understanding of the course material and its application to real-world examples.

Step 7: Revise and Proofread Your Paper

Once you have completed your reaction paper, take the time to revise and proofread it. Check for any grammar or spelling errors. Ensure that your paper flows well and that your arguments are coherent and supported by evidence. Make any necessary improvements to enhance the overall quality of your paper.

Congratulations! You now have all the necessary tools and guidance to write an outstanding reaction paper in APA style. Remember to follow the guidelines we've provided, organize your thoughts, and express your ideas clearly and concisely. By incorporating your personal reflections, thoughtful analysis, and adherence to APA formatting, you will create a reaction paper that stands out. Embrace the opportunity to showcase your critical thinking skills and contribute to the academic and intellectual discourse within your field of study.

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How to Write a Reaction Paper: Where Should I Start?

“The film titled “Marriage Material” provides the watcher with the detailed picture of the relationship between 2 people. Because of one friendship gesture they exchange one day, Andrew and Emily decide to analyze their relationship from a new aspect. The plot development is unexpected. Emily offers to babysit the son of her close friend who is seven months old; Andrew agrees to participate in the process, which changed they life forever… I enjoyed the movie as it reflects how a friendship may evolve into love over time.”

You have read the introduction + possible concluding sentence from the reaction essay. What is a reaction paper? A reaction paper is the same; it is an academic assignment, which provides the reader with the detailed summary of some subject along with the personal opinions of the author regarding the discussed subject. The article begins with the response to the movie. Different high school/college classes may force the students to learn how to write a reaction paper of A level to pass the course successfully.

It is not a problem to handle any homework assignment! Since the beginning of this century, the English-speaking students obtained an opportunity to buy custom academic essays of any type from the specialized writing & editing services!

How to Write a Reaction Paper: 3 Primary Goals of Response Essay Assignment

How to write an introduction for a reaction paper, how to write a reaction paper about a movie: general tips.

Be ready that every semester the students have to read a recommended book, article, or watch a movie to share their ideas on the specific topic. That is why it is important to find out how to write a reaction paper.

Many students ask, “What is a reaction paper?” The assignment of this type requires author’s personal opinion, thoughts, critique, and conclusion on the specific film/abstract/writing. Students of Arts & English Literature class face the need to create reaction essays more frequently than students of other academic profiles. It is fun to describe a work of art with the help of personal ideas.

The opening part of the reaction essay should provide the information about the author and the chosen subject. A student has to read the required book/watch the movie to put down the main points of the future essay. If it makes sense, include several good quotations to support personal ideas. This section must contain a summary of the reviewed book/film (try to make it short) – avoid sharing a personal opinion in this part.

In the next section, the student must share his thoughts on the required topic. It is a good idea to show the way a discussed subject relates to the contemporary society, to the entire world. No evidence is needed, but a student may leave some quotations.

It is a challenging task. The article moves on explaining how to write a reaction paper about a movie, book, piece of art, or scholar article/scientific research.

Focus on how to write an introduction for a reaction paper from the start. Dedicate equal amount of time to addressing the information about the author, summary of the plot, main lessons, purpose, and techniques. The introduction should be around 1/3 of the page.

Start the first paragraph with a powerful hook sentence. To grab a reader’s attention, including a joke, quotation, anecdote, statistics, fact, metaphor, simile, or rhetorical question. The first line must make the reader want to read the whole article, not a part of it. Do not forget to finish the introduction of a response essay with the powerful thesis statement, summarizing the major point why the subject matters.

Find more information about the academic essay’s introduction on this page.

The opening example is focused on sharing the ideas on the movie. The following recommendations help to create a stunning response essay on a movie/book:

  • Read the original text or watch the original movie to highlight the main points
  • Explain personal opinion along with adding an extra information found in the credible sources to provide an evidence for the chosen ideas
  • Add several great examples
  • Apply different sources discovered during the research to obtain a more argumentative thesis statement.

Those are the general recommendations. Prepare an outline to follow it:

  • Make a plot summary on less than 1/3 of the page
  • Put down the film’s/book’s theme & goals
  • Explain the way its author covers the themes
  • Include a book writing/filmmaking technique (min 1)
  • Compare & contrast the discussed subject with their analogies

Find how to write a reaction paper in APA format. The chances your teacher will assign an APA paper are high. English Literature & Arts classes require the knowledge of MLA & APA referencing styles to format the finished paper according to the academic standards. Format each page properly.

“What is a reaction paper?” After reading this article, it is possible to answer the question in details. There is nothing difficult in learning how to write a reaction paper as a loyal team of dedicated academic authors & proofreaders is waiting to serve the needs of high school & college students!

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How to Write a Reaction Paper About a Movie

Films are often used as teaching tools to provide variety of media or an alternate perspective. Reaction papers are used to ensure that students understand the material and see how it fits within the context of the course in which it was shown. Unless it is part of the assignment, you don't need to give a plot summary or provide your opinion. Instead, focus on the movie as literature, or how it fits into the context of what you are learning.

Treat the film as literature in an English class. Write about how the themes and motifs come across in the course of the movie. Write about characterization and dialogue, especially if you are watching a film version of a novel. Compare the novel to the film in terms of story and style, and how the portrayal of characters met your expectations or surprised you. Give your opinion of how the form impacted the story -- does the story work better as a book or a movie? How are the two different?

Select the appropriate focus for your paper. Writing about a film in a history class could entail identifying where the film is historically accurate and where it takes artistic license. If you felt more connected to the characters than you would if you had read about them in a textbook, explain why. Talk about how the characters are portrayed and who is the most sympathetic. Did this meet your expectations, based on your knowledge of history, or did it surprise you? Talk about how the historical period is portrayed. Include elements of the film that tipped you off as to the period in which is was made.

Determine what elements to include. Write in a film class about how you think the production elements worked to tell the story. Was it effective? How could it have been better or worse? Differentiate between the screen writing, the cinematography and the acting. Were all of these elements working in harmony? Is it typical of this director's body of work? What about the film was predictable or surprising?

Review your essay after it is completed to be sure you have included enough detail to explain your thinking and your language is clear. Examine punctuation, spelling and format for consistency since mechanical errors make your ideas more difficult to understand.

  • It can help to do research about the making of the movie, the director's vision, the source material and the setting.
  • Regis University: Guidelines for Writing Film Response Papers
  • The University of Texas at El Paso : How to Write a Reaction Paper or Reader Response

Brittany Bookbinder has been writing professionally since 2010. Her work has been published in "Helicon," Northwestern University's literary magazine, and the Daily Northwestern in the form of a satirical online column. Bookbinder holds a bachelor's degree in theater and creative writing from Northwestern University.

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How to Write a Reaction Paper

  • Meaning of a reaction paper
  • Structure and outline
  • How to start reaction paper
  • Step-by-step writing guide
  • Reaction paper format
  • Examples of reaction papers

Reaction Paper – Meaning of a Term

Reaction paper outline and structure.

  • Watch a movie and note down the main points in the episodes. If it is a book, you must reread it and get all the themes in the story before you can complement it.
  • After reading/watching the piece, the next step is evaluating the story and figuring out the needs of the paper. You have to get back to the instructions given by your examiner. You may be asked to react to a specific part of the story, so the examiner’s instructions are key because your paper must reflect the question. If you are asked to write on a specific part, you must quote a sentence or theme of that region and relate it to the author’s purpose. You might be asked to write two types of reactions by your teacher.

How to Start a Reaction Paper?

  • The context – while starting your writing, you should first introduce the reader to the topic through a small background story on this theme. The reader should be able to understand it so that when you begin giving your views, they are not left hanging.
  • The need – your readers should see the need for your view on the book or movie you are writing about, so you have an assignment of creating suspense to attract them to your work. You can write this by stating the significance of your opinion and how it impacts the lives of others.
  • Thesis statement – you must write a thesis statement at the beginning of your text. The thesis constitutes a summary of the piece you are reacting to, the major points of it, and the contradiction in views of different people.
  • Details of the book – while you write about a book or a movie, you have to introduce it to the reader by giving the author’s name and what the book is about. If it is a movie, you have to give the name of the film and the characters to familiarize your reader with the piece. You must also state the main objective of the movie or book you are writing about in the introduction.

How to Write a Reaction Paper: Step-by-step Guide

Step 1. carefully study the work, step 2. highlight the main idea of your reaction, step 3. write a plan, step 4. write your reaction, step 5. reread the text and edit your reaction, reaction paper format guidelines.

  • The introduction of the reaction – the introduction is the face of your paper. Therefore as a writer, you have to make sure that it looks attractive and increases the reader’s urgency to proceed to your body paragraphs.
  • The body of the reaction is the main section, where all the ideas for your essay are explained. You should start each paragraph with a topic sentence in your body paragraphs.
  • The conclusion of the reaction – while you write the conclusion, you should link your thesis statement with a summary of the ideas in the body paragraphs.
  • List of citations of your reaction – while you write a reaction paper, you must include the citation for the sources you have used.

Examples of Reaction Papers

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Reaction Paper: Definition, Parts, Outline, and How to Write It

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by  Antony W

January 2, 2023

a Top-Grade Reaction Paper

Many students today find themselves overwhelmed with their workload. More is demanded of them mentally and physically, and their workload is immense. One type of assignment that recurs regularly through high school and college is the reaction paper, also called a response paper. 

​As a matter of fact, questions such as how do I start my reaction paper? how do I write a reaction paper? or who will do my reaction paper? will always surface.

Almost every semester, you are bound to have such an assignment. It's only fair to ask: what is a reaction paper all about, ​or how do I write a good one? Well, stick around and find out.

Help for Assessment specializes in helping overwhelmed students complete their academic work on time and get top grades. ​We ​comprise ​top scholars in every discipline skilled in writing all kinds of essays, term papers, and projects. If that is the kind of help you need, go ahead and order the reaction paper writing service here.

If you're ready for the task, join us as we explore what a reaction paper is, what makes a good reaction paper, and how to write one. 

What is a Reaction Paper

A reaction or response paper is an academic assignment where you are meant to read ​an ​article or extract of a text assigned by your instructor and write down your feedback, critique, or review in a structured format. You are meant to consider your reaction carefully and give a focused, methodical review. In fact, in the simplest of words, a reaction paper is simply a review in the academic world.

The key to a good reaction paper lies in what your opinion is on the subject given and how well you support it. The paper is meant to teach students how to express their opinions clearly, acceptably, and credibly.

A good reaction paper is organic and personal. Apart from a loose format and guidelines as expressed by academic bodies, it needs to flow naturally from what you genuinely feel about the material you read, watched, listened to, or observed. The ultimate goal of a reaction paper is to convince your audience that you are right, and your opinions are justified.

Reaction Paper Outline

To understand what makes a reaction paper, check out this outline. It details what is expected of a good response paper and how it should be organized. Keep in mind that a reaction paper is a really short piece of writing, lasting between 500 words (2 pages) and 1,300 words (5 pages).

how to write a reaction paper about a video example

Parts of a Reaction Paper

The three major parts of a response paper are the introduction , body, and conclusion. Thus, it is simple enough to structure a reaction paper. What matters is the content you put in, and this should be in answer to these questions which effectively make up the skeleton of the paper.

  • I think that - give an intellectual response. Do you agree with the author/creator of the content or not? Support your answer.
  • I see that - what do you understand from the content? What do you think the creator wanted you to understand?
  • I feel that - what is your emotional response? Are you angry, inspired, saddened, or excited because of the content?
  • It seems that - what suppositions can you draw? By extrapolating, is there anything you can infer?
  • In my opinion - exactly what it means. Give an opinion on the work.
  • Because - justify your opinion.
  • A good quote is - what can you cite from the content that best reflects or embodies your feelings? 
  • In addition - add another quote or paraphrase a section.
  • For example - give a real-life example that ties in and supports the entire essay.
  • Moreover - give another supporting point.
  • However … - draw contrasts.
  • Consequently/it follows that ...
  • Finally  - what are your final thoughts on the topic?
  • In conclusion …- conclude your essay.

You don’t have to answer all these questions or follow any particular order in doing so, but you can see that by distributing their answers in the various paragraphs, it will be pretty easy to craft a great reaction paper. It is also good practice and highly encouraged to have a list of citations for the work reviewed and any general sources used in the essay.

Let's finish by exploring the process of writing a good reaction paper.

How to Write a Reaction Paper

Any good piece of writing has a few important qualities: unity, support, coherence, and clear language. These are the same qualities you should have in your reaction paper, and you have to keep this in mind throughout the preparation and writing process.

  • Prewriting: read and take notes

Whether you're reading a text, watching a movie, watching a video, or listening to an audio, it is important to have your notebook in hand from the beginning. Note down any noteworthy statements, set down your main support points, and take any quotes you might want to use. 

Prewriting also involves researching the creator of the content and the content itself to get its context. It helps you to understand why the content creator says what they say and why they hold the opinions they do. 

for example, you need to know who the content creator is, what they do for a living, what their beliefs they subscribe to, their level of education, among others. It helps you to understand where they are coming from, their motives, and their motivations so that you can have informed opinions.

  • Organization

Prewriting gives you plenty of ideas for the reaction paper. At this stage, you arrange these ideas as you start to outline the essay. See which ideas answer what questions, and purposefully to through the 14-question list presented above. 

  • Essay outline

Craft the main ideas that will form your topic sentences, and summarize the supporting evidence. This part is about coming up with the skeleton of the paper that will guide your writing. It will help you to optimize your words and streamline your ideas.

Flesh out the topic sentences with the rest of the material: evidence, explanations, a real-life example, and links the rest of the essay. The body paragraphs should follow a structure that allows you to present these four parts of a paragraph. The most famous of these is the TEEL structure: Topic sentence, Explanation, Evidence, Links.

  • Polish 

Once you have the body, take the time to think about what would make a good introduction and conclusion for the essay. Make sure they follow the general guidelines, then go through your work carefully no less than two times to weed out errors and mistakes.

In short, prewriting and organization are the marks of a good reaction paper. Make sure to fully support all your ideas, and don't make any opinion statements (I feel, I think that, etc) without sufficient support from the text. That's all you need to do to have a stellar response essay!

​N/B Most of our ​clients usually ask: Can I use "I" in a response/reaction paper? The answer is yes. Therefore, just to ​reiterate, first person pronoun is allowed in a reaction paper. Unlike article critique which ​usually assume a formal format, an instructor asking you to write a reacting paper seeks to read your subjective interpretation of the assigned text.

Need Help With Writing Your Reaction Paper?

Help for Assessments does more than offer writing guides. We have a team of world-class writers ready to get your response paper done at a moment's notice -all at the best prices in town. All you have is to leave us your order details here and we'll get started. 

As always, Help for Assessment guarantees top quality work, original content, and confidentiality with every client. We also have a wealth of how-to guides to help you out with your other academic endeavors, so feel free to check out our blog for more.

About the author 

Antony W is a professional writer and coach at Help for Assessment. He spends countless hours every day researching and writing great content filled with expert advice on how to write engaging essays, research papers, and assignments.

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How to Write a Reaction Paper on an Article

Stefani H.

Table of contents

You have been asked to read an article and work on a reaction paper. “That should be easy,” you think to yourself. While writing a reaction or response paper might sound like a cakewalk, there is a lot more to this assignment than meets the eye.

The purpose behind reaction papers is to make you analyze a piece of work, be it a book, film, article, or TV show.

You are not just expected to share your views on the material but also explore the implications of the ideas stated, critique them and justify your statements. Remember -- by the end of the assignment, you will be judged on your critical thinking and writing skills.

In this article, you’ll learn everything you need to know about how to write a reaction paper to an article, along with a reaction paper example to get you started.

What are the Parts of a Reaction Paper to an Article

Every writing assignment should begin with creating an outline . It makes for good writing practice because it helps you organize your thoughts and ensure the paper flows in a logical manner.

The same holds true when writing a reaction paper to an article.

Typically, a reaction paper is a five-paragraph structure that includes the introduction, body, and conclusion. You’re expected to devote one paragraph to the introduction and conclusion each and at least three paragraphs to the body.

Before we talk about how to write a reaction paper to an article, let’s understand what the three key parts of a reaction paper are and what they should include.

1. Introduction

It’s safe to say that introductions lay the foundation for the rest of the paper. Being the first section that people will read, it needs to capture their attention and generate interest in them to read further.

Now, how do you start a reaction paper? The most effective way to start is with a good hook . Limited to one to two sentences, a catchy hook grabs attention and engages readers. It can be a quote, statistic, rhetorical question, or anecdote, among others.

The purpose of this section is to describe the article and author you are discussing or sharing your reaction on. It’s also a good idea to include the publication date for additional context.

You can then proceed to write a crisp summary of the article while highlighting the main points of the article. Don’t share your reaction in this paragraph because this section is meant to be informative and offer context to the reader.

The introduction needs to end with a brief thesis statement which includes the key points you will be analyzing and the core idea of the reaction paper.

The body paragraphs are where you will start getting into the details and doing an elaborate analysis of the article.

It’s essential to structure the body well such that your reaction paper flows logically and transitions smoothly. A rule of thumb is to devote one idea to one paragraph. Each paragraph should tie back and reaffirm the thesis statement you formulated.

An excellent way to approach this is by making a list of the main points you want to include and working backward by mapping evidence in the form of quotations and examples for each of those points.

If your instructor has given a specific prompt, make sure the reaction paper covers it accurately in the given word count.

3. Conclusion

The analysis is done -- you’ve elaborated on your points and backed them up with supporting evidence. The purpose of the conclusion is to reinstate the thesis statement while summarizing the main points you analyzed in the body paragraphs.

While writing the conclusion for a reaction paper to an article, you’re expected to conclude with your opinion on the subject in question. Remember -- a strong conclusion ties the entire paper together without repeating the statements or introducing new details.

7 Useful Tips on How to Write a Reaction Paper to an Article

The best part about reaction or response papers is that they push you to pause, reflect and analyze an article or any other work. They give you a chance to express your personal opinions while doing deep analysis.

However, a common mistake students make while writing reaction papers on articles is that they end up summarizing them. This is a recipe for disaster and never goes down well.

So, how do you write a reaction paper to an article? Here are seven tips to help you write an outstanding reaction paper.

1. Understand the assignment

Not all reaction papers ask for the same thing. While some are open-ended and give students the flexibility to decide the course of the paper, there are reaction paper assignments surrounding specific questions. For instance, your professor might want your opinion on a particular issue in the article or might want you to critique the author’s work.

Hence, before you begin reading the article, it’s crucial to wholly understand what is expected of you. If you are unsure, clarify your doubts so you don’t ramble on without purpose and stick to the guidelines and word count.

2. Make notes while reading

Reading the article once is never enough. The more thoroughly you are with the material, the more vital your reaction paper will be.

Every time you read it, it is a good idea to approach it with a purpose. The first time you get to it, you can focus on understanding the story, after which you can begin paying attention to factors related to your reaction paper question.

Read with the utmost attentiveness and make notes by the side – it can be your initial reactions, highlighting significant occurrences, or collating evidence.

3. Do a prewriting exercise

So you’ve read the article multiple times. Before you rush to begin writing the reaction paper, it’s a good idea to do a quick prewriting exercise .

This is a great way to brainstorm and generate ideas. It involves a brain dump and jotting down your initial reactions to the article. At this stage, don’t worry about polishing or organizing -- all that can wait.

What’s important is documenting every little idea, insight, or reaction that comes to your mind. Once you’ve listed them, you can group common ideas, create an outline, and categorize them.

This simple yet important exercise will help you think clearly while ensuring you don’t miss out on any crucial points.

4. Think critically

Reaction papers push you to think critically. To flesh out the material, you need to start by asking yourself pertinent questions such as:

  • How do I feel after reading the article?
  • Do I agree with the author?
  • Do I relate to the main character?
  • What do I disagree with?
  • Has the article changed my perspective?
  • What are the assumptions made?

These are just a few examples of questions you can consider while working on the paper. The more questions you ask, the better you will be able to evaluate the material, which will, in turn, get translated into your writing.

Here’s an informative video by Ted-Ed on how you can improve your critical thinking skills

5. Formulate the thesis statement

Once you establish your point of view and the route you want your paper to take, you must formulate the thesis statement – it forms the backbone of the reaction paper.

The thesis statement describes the central idea that you will be proving in the course of the paper. It needs to appear toward the end of the introduction and be crisp. It’s alright if you don’t have a final statement; even a working thesis statement is good enough for starters. You can always polish it later.

6. Emphasize analysis (not facts)

Another common mistake students make is stating facts and the obvious instead of focusing on their analysis and opinion on the article.

Not only is this a waste of word count, it indicates that you’ve missed the point of a reaction paper. Your instructor wants to know your personal opinion and evaluation of the article, not a summary of what the article comprises.

How do you make a difference?

Facts refer to objective pieces of information which are already proven. Opinions and analysis include your take on the subject. While there is no right or wrong opinion, what’s important is using strong evidence to back that opinion.

7. Include supporting examples

Statements like “I don’t agree with the author” or “I think the article could have focused more on XYZ” are certainly not enough while writing a reaction paper.

You need to justify every statement you make with the available evidence in the article. This can be in the form of quotes or statements that support your point of view. So, back your views up with strong examples in order to strengthen your paper and convince the reader.

The Takeaway

There is quite a lot of confusion surrounding reaction papers, which might get students confused about how to approach this assignment.

Whether it is a book, movie, article, speech, or any other academic paper, we at Writers Per Hour are experts at writing reaction papers for students.

We promise to deliver high-quality, original reaction papers custom-written to suit your needs and deadlines. So, contact us today and let us write your reaction paper for you.

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OpenAI has built a striking new generative video model called Sora that can take a short text description and turn it into a detailed, high-definition film clip up to a minute long.

Based on four sample videos that OpenAI shared with MIT Technology Review ahead of today’s announcement, the San Francisco–based firm has pushed the envelope of what’s possible with text-to-video generation (a hot new research direction that we flagged as a trend to watch in 2024 ).

“We think building models that can understand video, and understand all these very complex interactions of our world, is an important step for all future AI systems,” says Tim Brooks, a scientist at OpenAI.

But there’s a disclaimer. OpenAI gave us a preview of Sora (which means sky in Japanese) under conditions of strict secrecy. In an unusual move, the firm would only share information about Sora if we agreed to wait until after news of the model was made public to seek the opinions of outside experts. [Editor’s note: We’ve updated this story with outside comment below.] OpenAI has not yet released a technical report or demonstrated the model actually working. And it says it won’t be releasing Sora anytime soon. [ Update: OpenAI has now shared more technical details on its website.]

The first generative models that could produce video from snippets of text appeared in late 2022. But early examples from Meta , Google, and a startup called Runway were glitchy and grainy. Since then, the tech has been getting better fast. Runway’s gen-2 model, released last year, can produce short clips that come close to matching big-studio animation in their quality. But most of these examples are still only a few seconds long.  

The sample videos from OpenAI’s Sora are high-definition and full of detail. OpenAI also says it can generate videos up to a minute long. One video of a Tokyo street scene shows that Sora has learned how objects fit together in 3D: the camera swoops into the scene to follow a couple as they walk past a row of shops.

OpenAI also claims that Sora handles occlusion well. One problem with existing models is that they can fail to keep track of objects when they drop out of view. For example, if a truck passes in front of a street sign, the sign might not reappear afterward.  

In a video of a papercraft underwater scene, Sora has added what look like cuts between different pieces of footage, and the model has maintained a consistent style between them.

It’s not perfect. In the Tokyo video, cars to the left look smaller than the people walking beside them. They also pop in and out between the tree branches. “There’s definitely some work to be done in terms of long-term coherence,” says Brooks. “For example, if someone goes out of view for a long time, they won’t come back. The model kind of forgets that they were supposed to be there.”

Impressive as they are, the sample videos shown here were no doubt cherry-picked to show Sora at its best. Without more information, it is hard to know how representative they are of the model’s typical output.   

It may be some time before we find out. OpenAI’s announcement of Sora today is a tech tease, and the company says it has no current plans to release it to the public. Instead, OpenAI will today begin sharing the model with third-party safety testers for the first time.

In particular, the firm is worried about the potential misuses of fake but photorealistic video . “We’re being careful about deployment here and making sure we have all our bases covered before we put this in the hands of the general public,” says Aditya Ramesh, a scientist at OpenAI, who created the firm’s text-to-image model DALL-E .

But OpenAI is eyeing a product launch sometime in the future. As well as safety testers, the company is also sharing the model with a select group of video makers and artists to get feedback on how to make Sora as useful as possible to creative professionals. “The other goal is to show everyone what is on the horizon, to give a preview of what these models will be capable of,” says Ramesh.

To build Sora, the team adapted the tech behind DALL-E 3, the latest version of OpenAI’s flagship text-to-image model. Like most text-to-image models, DALL-E 3 uses what’s known as a diffusion model. These are trained to turn a fuzz of random pixels into a picture.

Sora takes this approach and applies it to videos rather than still images. But the researchers also added another technique to the mix. Unlike DALL-E or most other generative video models, Sora combines its diffusion model with a type of neural network called a transformer.

Transformers are great at processing long sequences of data, like words. That has made them the special sauce inside large language models like OpenAI’s GPT-4 and Google DeepMind’s Gemini . But videos are not made of words. Instead, the researchers had to find a way to cut videos into chunks that could be treated as if they were. The approach they came up with was to dice videos up across both space and time. “It’s like if you were to have a stack of all the video frames and you cut little cubes from it,” says Brooks.

The transformer inside Sora can then process these chunks of video data in much the same way that the transformer inside a large language model processes words in a block of text. The researchers say that this let them train Sora on many more types of video than other text-to-video models, varied in terms of resolution, duration, aspect ratio, and orientation. “It really helps the model,” says Brooks. “That is something that we’re not aware of any existing work on.”

“From a technical perspective it seems like a very significant leap forward,” says Sam Gregory, executive director at Witness, a human rights organization that specializes in the use and misuse of video technology. “But there are two sides to the coin,” he says. “The expressive capabilities offer the potential for many more people to be storytellers using video. And there are also real potential avenues for misuse.” 

OpenAI is well aware of the risks that come with a generative video model. We are already seeing the large-scale misuse of deepfake images . Photorealistic video takes this to another level.

Gregory notes that you could use technology like this to misinform people about conflict zones or protests. The range of styles is also interesting, he says. If you could generate shaky footage that looked like something shot with a phone, it would come across as more authentic.

The tech is not there yet, but generative video has gone from zero to Sora in just 18 months. “We’re going to be entering a universe where there will be fully synthetic content, human-generated content and a mix of the two,” says Gregory.

The OpenAI team plans to draw on the safety testing it did last year for DALL-E 3. Sora already includes a filter that runs on all prompts sent to the model that will block requests for violent, sexual, or hateful images, as well as images of known people. Another filter will look at frames of generated videos and block material that violates OpenAI’s safety policies.

OpenAI says it is also adapting a fake-image detector developed for DALL-E 3 to use with Sora. And the company will embed industry-standard C2PA tags , metadata that states how an image was generated, into all of Sora’s output. But these steps are far from foolproof. Fake-image detectors are hit-or-miss. Metadata is easy to remove, and most social media sites strip it from uploaded images by default.  

“We’ll definitely need to get more feedback and learn more about the types of risks that need to be addressed with video before it would make sense for us to release this,” says Ramesh.

Brooks agrees. “Part of the reason that we’re talking about this research now is so that we can start getting the input that we need to do the work necessary to figure out how it could be safely deployed,” he says.

Update 2/15: Comments from Sam Gregory were added .

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