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Essay on Indian Culture and Tradition

As students grow older, it is important for them to improve their understanding and hold over the language. This can be done only through consistent reading and writing. Writing an essay is a task that involves cooperation and coordination of both the mind and body. Students must be able to think as well reproduce their thoughts effectively without any confusion. This is important when it comes to writing answers and other important documents as ones go to higher classes. The art of writing effectively and efficiently can be improved by students through writing essays. To help students in this domain, Vedantu provides students with numerous essays. Students can go through the same and learn the correct manner of writing the essay. 

Indian Culture and Tradition

India enjoys a wide variety of cultural and traditional presence amongst the 28 states. Indian origin religions Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism are all based on dharma and karma. Even, India is a blessed holy place which is also a native place for most of the religions. Recently, Muslim and Christianity also practised working amongst the whole India population. The pledge also added the line, ‘India is my country, and I am proud of its rich and varied heritage.’  

Indians are great with cooking; their spices are special for medicinal purposes, so visitors are difficult to adjust to with such heavy spices. The cricketers touring Indian pitches are out due to such food. Frequently, it's been observed that the sportsperson arrived in India either with cooking skills or with a cook. Spices such as cumin, turmeric and cardamom have been used for a long period, to make the dishes more delicious and nutritional. Wheat, rice and pulses help to complete the meal. The majority of the population is a vegetarian one due to their religious aspects.

Talking about the language, India is blessed with a wide range of languages used. Each state has its own language. A major part of the state is unable to speak other languages than the native one. Gujrathi, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, Punjabi, Telugu and many more are the representative languages of the respective state. It's easy to recognize the person with the language he spoke. There are 15 regional languages but almost all of them Hindi is the national language of the country. Sanskrit is considered an ancient and respected language. And most of the legendary holy texts are found in Sanskrit only. Along with these, most of the people are aware of plenty of foreign languages. 

Indian clothing is adorable to most of the foreigners. Woman wearing a sari is the pride of a nation. These create a pleasant effect and she looks so beautiful that a majority of foreign country’s female want to be like her. The origin of the sari is from the temple dancers in ancient times. Sari allows them to maintain modesty and freedom of movement. On the other hand, men traditionally wear a dhoti and kurta. Actually, Dhoti is a type of cloth without any further attached work done on it. The great Mahatma Gandhi was very fond of it and in their dignity, most of the people used to wear the same. 

Apart from all the above facts, Indians are legends with arts and studious material. Shah-rukh Khan, Sachin Tendulkar, Dhirubhai Ambani, Amitabh Bachchan Rajnikant, Sundar Pichai are many more faces of India who are shining and representing India on a global scale. There are 20-30 grand festivals celebrated every year in which every festival pops up with history and respect to the respective religion. Even in terms of business, India is not behind. Agriculture is the best occupation of 70% of people in India. It’s our duty to protect the wonderful culture that we have. 

Indian culture is one of the oldest and most unique cultures known across the globe. It has various kinds of traditional values, religion, dance, festivals, music, and cloth, which varies from each state or town even. Indian art, cuisine, religion, Literature, Education, Heritage, Clothes etc has a huge impact on the whole world where everyone admires and follows it. It is known as the land of cultural diversity.  India thrives on a variety of languages, religions, and cultures due to the diverse race of people living in the country. It can be referred to as one of the world’s most culturally enriched countries. When one thinks of India, they picture colors, smiling faces of children running in the streets, bangle vendors, street food, music, religious festivals etc. 


India is a land where different religious beliefs are followed. It is the land of many religions such as Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism.  Four Indian religions namely Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism, and Buddhism were born in India while others are not of Indian origin but have people following those faiths. The people of India keep a solid belief in religion as they believe that following a faith adds meaning and purpose to their lives as it is the way of life. The religions here are not only confined to beliefs but also include ethics, rituals, ceremonies, life philosophies and many more.


Family plays a vital role in every Indian household. Indians are known to live together as a joint family with their grandparents, uncles and aunts, and the next generation of offspring as well. The house gets passed down from family to family throughout the generations. But with the new modern age, nuclear families are starting to become more common as children go out of town into cities for work or studies and get settled there, also everyone now prefers to have their own private life without any interference. But still, the concept of family get together and family gatherings are not lost as everyone does come together frequently. 

Indian Festivals

India is well known for its traditional festivals all over the world. As it is a secular country with diversity in religions, every month some festival celebration happens. These festivals can be religious, seasonal or are of national importance. Every festival is celebrated uniquely in different ways according to their ritual as each of them has its unique importance. National festivals such as Gandhi Jayanti, Independence Day and Republic Day are celebrated by the people of India across the entire nation. Religious festivals include Diwali, Dussehra, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Zuha, Christmas, Ganesh Chaturthi, etc. All the seasonal festivals such as Baisakhi, Onam, Pongal, Bihu etc are celebrated to mark the season of harvest during two harvesting seasons, Rabi and Kharif. 

Festivals bring love, bond, cross-cultural exchange and moments of happiness among people.

Indian cuisine is known for a variety of spicy dishes, curry, rice items, sweets etc. Each cuisine includes a wide range of dishes and cooking techniques as it varies from region to region. Each region of India cooks different types of dishes using different ingredients, also food varies from every festival and culture as well. Hindus eat mostly vegetarian food items such as pulao, vegetables, daal, rajma etc whereas people from Islamic cultural backgrounds eat meat, kebabs, haleem etc. In the southernmost part of India, you will find people use a lot of coconut oil for cooking purposes, they eat a lot of rice items such as Dosa, Idli, Appam etc with Coconut chutney, sambhar.

Indian Clothing is considered to be the epitome of modesty and every style is very different in each region and state. But the two pieces of clothing that represent Indian culture are dhoti for men and saree for women. Women adorn themselves with a lot of bangles and Payal that goes around their ankles. Even clothing styles varied from different religions to regions to cultures. Muslim women preferred to wear salwar kameez whereas Christian women preferred gowns. Men mostly stuck to dhoti, lungi, shalwar and kurta.In modern days, people have changed their sense of style, men and women now wear more modern western clothes. Indian clothes are still valued but are now in more trendy and fashionable styles. 

There is no single language that is spoken all over India; however , Hindi is one common language most Indians know and can speak or understand. Every region has a different language or dialect. As per the official language act, Hindi and English are the official languages in India. Other regions or state wise languages include- Gujarati, Marathi, Bangla, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Kashmiri, Punjabi etc. 


FAQs on Indian Culture and Tradition Essay

1. What are the Popular Spices in India?

Popular spices in India include - Haldi(Turmeric), Chakri Phool(Star Anise), Til (Sesame seeds/ Gingili seeds), Saunf(Fennel Seeds), Kesar(Saffron), Laal Mirch(Red chilli), Khas(Poppy seeds), Jayphal(Nutmeg), Kalonji(Nigella Seeds), Rai/Sarson(Mustard Seeds), Pudina(Mint), Javitri(Mace), Patthar ke Phool​(Kalpasi), Kala Namak/ Sanchal/ Sanchar powder(Black salt/ Himalayan rock salt/ Pink salt), Sonth(Dry ginger powder), Methi dana(Fenugreek seeds), Suva Bhaji/ Sua Saag(Dill)

Kadi Patta(Curry Leaves), Sukha dhania(Coriander seeds), Laung(Cloves), Dalchini(Cinnamon), Sabza(Chia seeds), Chironji(Charoli), Ajwain(Carom seeds, thymol or celery seeds), Elaichi(Cardamom), Kali Mirch(Black Pepper (or White Pepper), Tej Patta(Bay Leaf), Hing(Asafoetida), Anardana(Pomegranate seeds), Amchoor(Dry mango powder)

2. What is the Language Diversity Available in India?

The Indian constitution has 22 officially recognized languages. Apart from it, there are around 60 languages that are recognized as smother tongue with more than one million speakers. India also has around 28 minor languages spoken by over one hundred thousand and one million people. Apart from these, there are numerous dialects spoken by a various sect of people based on their region of origin. 

3. Who are Some of the Most Famous Indian Celebrities Popular Across the Globe? 

India has people excelling in all aspects of art and activities. Few prominent celebrities to garner global fame include - Sudha Murthy, Amitabh Bacchan, Virat Kohli, Saina Nehwal, Sania Mirza, Priyanka Chopra, MS Dhoni, Sachin Tendulkar, Mohanlal, A R Rehman, Mukesh Ambani, Ratan Tata, Narayana Murthy, Kiran Majumdar Shah, Narendra Modi, Amith Shah. all these people have received great accolades in their respective area of expertise globally and getting recognition to India on a global level. 

4. How to Improve Writing and Reading Skills for Producing Good Essays?

Writing an essay becomes a tedious task when the mind and hand do not coordinate. It is important for you to be able to harness your mental ability to think clearly and reproduce the same on paper for a good essay. Always remember the first few thoughts that you get as soon as you see an essay topic is your best and purest thoughts. Ensure to note them down. Later you can develop your essay around these points. Make sure your essay has an introduction, body and the final conclusion. This will make the reader understand the topic clearly along with your ability to convey the any information without any hesitation or mistake. 

5. How many religions are there in India? 

As of now, there are a total of 9 major religions in India with Hinduism being the majority. The remaining religion includes- Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism and the Baha'i Faith. 

6. Which is the oldest language in India? 

Indian classical oldest language is Sanskrit, it belongs to the Indo- Aryan branch of Indo- European languages. 

7. What are the few famous folk dances of India? 

Folk dances are the representation of a particular culture from where they are known to originate. Eight famous classical dances are- Bharatnatyam from Tamil Nadu, Kathakali from Kerala, Kathak from North, West and Central India, Mohiniyattam from Kerala, Kuchipudi from Andhra Pradesh, Odissi from Odisha, Manipuri from Manipur, Sattriya from Assam. 

8. How many languages are spoken in India? 

Other than Hindi and English there are 22 languages recognised by the constitution of India. However, more than 400 languages and dialects in India are still not known as they change after every town. Over the years, about 190 languages have become endangered due to very few surviving speakers. 

9. Describe the Indian Culture. 

Indian culture is very diverse and the people of India are very warm and welcoming. They have a strong sense of family and firmly believe in unity in diversity. In India, there's a saying saying 'Atithi Devo Bhava'  means 'the guest is equivalent to god'. So if one visits India, they will never feel unwanted.

ભારતીય સંસ્ક્રુતિના પાયા

Sri Aurobindo symbol

Essays on the value of Indian civilisation and culture. This volume consists of various essays: 'Is India Civilised?', 'A Rationalistic Critic on Indian Culture', 'Defence of Indian Culture', 'Indian Culture and External Influence' and 'The Renaissance in India'. They were first published in the monthly review Arya between 1918 and 1921.

essay on indian culture in gujarati language

  • The Renaissance in India
  • 1997 Edition
  • The Foundations of Indian Culture
  • 1972 Edition

essay on indian culture in gujarati language

  •   ભારતીય સંસ્ક્રુતિના પાયા    ગુજરાતી
  •   भारतीय संस्कृतीचा पाया    मराठी
  •   Les Fondements de la culture indienne    Français

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  • SABCL > The Foundations of Indian Culture ગુજરાતી मराठी Français

Essays on the value of Indian civilisation and culture.


  Sri Aurobindo




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Indian Culture and Tradition Essay for Students and Children


500+ Words Essay on Indian Culture and Tradition

India has a rich culture and that has become our identity. Be it in religion, art, intellectual achievements, or performing arts, it has made us a colorful, rich, and diverse nation. The Indian culture and tradition essay is a guideline to the vibrant cultures and traditions followed in India. 

Indian Culture And Tradition Essay

India was home to many invasions and thus it only added to the present variety. Today, India stands as a powerful and multi-cultured society as it has absorbed many cultures and moved on. People here have followed various religion , traditions, and customs.

Although people are turning modern today, hold on to the moral values and celebrates the festivals according to customs. So, we are still living and learning epic lessons from Ramayana and Mahabharata. Also, people still throng Gurudwaras, temples, churches, and mosques. 

The culture in India is everything from people’s living, rituals, values, beliefs, habits, care, knowledge, etc. Also, India is considered as the oldest civilization where people still follows their old habits of care and humanity.

Additionally, culture is a way through which we behave with others, how softly we react to different things, our understanding of ethics, values, and beliefs.

People from the old generation pass their beliefs and cultures to the upcoming generation. Thus, every child that behaves well with others has already learned about their culture from grandparents and parents.

Also, here we can see culture in everything like fashion , music , dance , social norms, foods, etc. Thus, India is one big melting pot for having behaviors and beliefs which gave birth to different cultures. 

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Indian Culture and Religion

There are many religions that have found their origin in age-old methods that are five thousand years old. Also, it is considered because Hinduism was originated from Vedas.

Thus, all the Hindu scriptures that are considered holy have been scripted in the Sanskrit language. Also, it is believed that Jainism has ancient origin and existence in the Indus valley. Buddhism is the other religion that was originated in the country through the teachings of Gautam Buddha. 

There are many different eras that have come and gone but no era was very powerful to change the influence of the real culture. So, the culture of younger generations is still connected to the older generations. Also, our ethnic culture always teaches us to respect elders, behave well, care for helpless people, and help needy and poor people.

Additionally, there is a great culture in our country that we should always welcome guest like gods. That is why we have a famous saying like ‘Atithi Devo Bhava’. So, the basic roots in our culture are spiritual practices and humanity. 


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Essay on Gujarati Culture

Students are often asked to write an essay on Gujarati Culture in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Gujarati Culture

Gujarati culture overview.

Gujarati culture is from Gujarat, a state in western India. It is famous for its rich traditions and colorful festivals. Gujaratis are known for their love of food, music, dance, and literature. Their lifestyle is a blend of modern and traditional ways.

Gujarati Food

The Gujarati cuisine is a mix of sweet and savoury dishes. It includes items like dhokla, thepla, and undhiyu. Gujaratis are mostly vegetarian. They enjoy their food with chutneys and pickles. Their meals are balanced and nutritious.

Gujarati Clothing

Traditional Gujarati clothing is vibrant and unique. Women wear sarees called ‘ghaghra-choli’ or ‘chaniya-choli’. Men wear ‘dhoti-kurta’ or ‘kurta-pajama’. They also wear turbans on special occasions.

Gujarati Festivals

Gujaratis celebrate many festivals. Navratri is the most famous one. It is a nine-night festival of dance and music. Diwali, Holi, and Makar Sankranti are also celebrated with great joy.

Gujarati Language and Literature

Gujarati is the main language spoken by Gujaratis. They have a rich literature with works in poetry, prose, and drama. The famous poet Narsinh Mehta was from Gujarat.

Gujarati Art and Craft

Gujarat is known for its arts and crafts. ‘Bandhani’ or tie-dye, and ‘Patola’ silk sarees are famous. They also make beautiful wooden toys and clay items. These crafts show their creativity and skill.

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250 Words Essay on Gujarati Culture

Gujarati culture: an introduction.

Gujarati culture is full of color, life, and joy. It comes from the Indian state of Gujarat. The people of Gujarat are called Gujaratis. They are known for their love of food, dance, music, and art.

Gujarati food is famous all over India and even outside. The food is mostly vegetarian. The dishes are sweet, sour, and spicy at the same time. Some popular dishes are Dhokla, Thepla, and Khakhra. Gujaratis also love their tea, called ‘Chai’. They usually have it with snacks in the evening.

Dance and Music

Dance and music are a big part of Gujarati culture. Garba and Dandiya Raas are the most famous dances. They are performed during the festival of Navratri. The music is lively and makes everyone want to dance.

Art and Craft

Gujarat is also known for its arts and crafts. Bandhani, a type of tie-dye, is very popular. Patola silk sarees from Patan are also famous. They have beautiful designs and colors.

Gujaratis love to celebrate festivals. The most important one is Navratri. People dance all night during this festival. Diwali, the festival of lights, is also celebrated with joy. Kite flying festival, known as Uttarayan, is unique to Gujarat.

In conclusion, Gujarati culture is rich and vibrant. It is full of life, color, and joy. It is a symbol of the spirit of the people of Gujarat. They are proud of their culture and love to share it with others.

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500 Words Essay on Gujarati Culture

Introduction to gujarati culture.

Gujarat is a state in the western part of India. It is known for its rich and vibrant culture. This culture is a beautiful mix of arts, beliefs, customs, and traditions that have grown over a long time. The Gujarati culture is famous for its unique dance, music, food, and clothing.

Gujarati Dance and Music

Dance and music are important parts of Gujarati culture. People in Gujarat love to dance and sing. One famous dance is Garba. It is performed during the festival of Navratri. People form circles and dance to the beat of the music. Another popular dance is Dandiya Raas, where dancers use sticks in a rhythmic way.

Music also plays a big role. Dayro, a type of folk music, is popular in Gujarat. It is used to tell stories and share wisdom. Gujarati folk songs, known as ‘lok geet’, are also loved by the people.

Food is an important part of any culture and Gujarat is no different. Gujarati food is famous for its great taste. The food is usually vegetarian. It is a mix of sweet and sour flavors. Some popular dishes are Dhokla, Thepla, and Khakhra. Gujaratis also love their snacks, known as ‘Farsan’, like Khandvi and Gathiya.

Gujaratis have a traditional style of clothing. Men usually wear a long white cloth called dhoti with a short coat known as ‘Kediyu’. Women wear a ‘Chaniya Choli’ during festivals and a ‘Ghagra Choli’ or saree on a regular day. The clothes are often bright and colorful.

Gujaratis love to celebrate festivals. The most important festival is Navratri. It is a nine-night festival where people dance and sing. Another big festival is Uttarayan, the kite flying day. People fly kites and enjoy special food. Diwali, the festival of lights, is also celebrated with great joy.

Gujarati Language

The Gujarati language is spoken by the people of Gujarat. It is a very old language with a rich history. It has its own script and has been influenced by other languages like Sanskrit and Persian.

Gujarati culture is a rich and vibrant way of life. It is a blend of color, joy, and tradition. It shows the spirit of the people of Gujarat. Their love for dance, music, food, and festivals is seen in their daily life. The Gujarati culture is a beautiful example of the diversity of India.

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Paragraph on Indian Culture – Long and Short Paragraphs

essay on indian culture in gujarati language

Table of Contents

The cultural diversity in India refers to the variety of cultures and societies. It indicates the customs, beliefs, ideas, and social attributes of people. There are many different communities in India that differ markedly from each other. The more prominent cultural differences that exist between the people of India are, the languages, traditions, dressing styles and food habits. Different religions influence Indian culture and the amalgamation of various cultures and traditions is evident across India. Indian culture has largely been influenced by Indian history. There is also difference in the way communities present and organize themselves in terms of morality and etiquettes. It denotes the manner in which people actually live.

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Target Exam ---

You will find below a number of short and long paragraphs on Indian Culture. We hope these Indian Culture paragraphs will help students in completing their school assignments. These will also help children to write and read out paragraphs with simple words and small sentences. Students can select any paragraph on Indian Culture according to their particular requirement.

Long and Short Paragraphs on Indian Culture

Paragraph on indian culture 1 (100 words).

Indian culture is popular across the world. Indian culture is considered as the oldest and most diverse cultures of the world. People of different religions and cultures live here with strong bond. Indian people are highly devoted to their culture and religion. The Indian literature, philosophy, art and music have heavily been influenced by Indian culture and Dharmic religions throughout the history of India.

There has been prominent fusion of cultures between different religions and people of India over the past centuries. The most dominant religions in India are Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism and Buddhism though other religions such as Islam and Christianity are also present widely. Our country is culturally and religiously one of the most diverse country across the world.

Paragraph on Indian Culture 2 (150 words)

Indian culture refers to the amalgamation of distinct and unique cultures of all religions and communities that exist in India. India is a diverse country and the customs, traditions, food, music, religion and dance differs from place to place within the nation. The diversity in Indian culture is known across the world.

India is multi-ethnic, multi-cultural, multi-lingual and multi-religious society. People in India speak different languages and have diverse lingual tones. Various languages such as Hindi, Gujarati, English, Tamil, Sindhi, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Manipuri and Marathi are spoken in India. It is home to people of diverse cultures, backgrounds and lifestyles.

India has traditional culture and lifestyle in villages that symbolizes the true essence of India. The village life has highly been replaced by urban lifestyle over the period of time with urbanization and development of our nation.

The culture and lifestyle in India is not rigid. While people of diverse religions, cultures and languages intermingle in India the lifestyle of people also transforms with changing times.

Paragraph on Indian Culture 3 (200 words)

The culture of India refers to the distinct cultures of various religions’ and societies in India. The phrase ‘Unity in Diversity’ is rightly coined by Jawaharlal Nehru to describe our nation that is rich in culture and heritage. India has always been known for its traditions and amiability. The affection in relations and the high spirit of celebrations make our nation stand out distinctively in the world. The vibrant culture of India is the fusion of different religions, cultures, food, festivals, dance, music, art and crafts. Everything from the cultures, traditions, values, beliefs, customs and rituals is unique in our country. The art of Indian culture blends all sorts of hues.

India is one of the most secular countries in the world. Freedom to follow different religions is the phenomenon of congenial permanence of diverse cultures In India. In spite of cultural differences there is a sort of oneness in the country. India has set an example with brotherhood and cooperation across the world. The culture of our nation, India is traditional yet contemporary. The traditional Indian culture has transformed a lot with changing time and survives in modern era with pride.

Thus, India is a blend of traditional and modern culture. People have the right to worship and follow different religions.

Paragraph on Indian Culture 4 (250 words)

The culture of India is a blend of distinctive cultures of all religions and communities present in our nation. India is popular for its rich culture and heritage across the world. People in India follow certain traditions from several decades that are prominent even in the modern times.

There are different customs and traditions followed by people in India like the unique manner in which people greet each other. Greeting with Namaste is one of the most popular customs in India. It is one of the most ancient and traditional forms of greetings mentioned in Vedas and Hindu Scriptures. It is the most customary and conventional greetings when people meet or take leave of each other. Another way of greeting most customary in India is Charana-Sparsh, i.e. touching elders’ feet. It is the most common way in India to show respect to the elders. The custom is age old and is followed even today.

Indian people also follow the unique custom of welcoming with flower garlands. It is a tradition to offer garland before a guest or a respectable personality. Even the foreigners are welcomed with flower garlands sometimes and they are overwhelmed with the kind of love and respect they receive in India. It is a humble act of admiration and that is the spirit of India.

Hence, showing love and respect is explicitly very essential part of Indian culture. It is the essence of India. Though there is a lot of transformation in the cultures, traditions, values and beliefs of the people in India in modern times, some of the rich Indian customs are still prominent in India and have great importance.

Paragraph on Indian Culture 5 (300 words)

India is a rich country with blend of several cultures, manifested in its religions, traditions, languages, values, art and craft. There is enormous variety in the culture of India due to diversity in its population. This diversity also reflects in the way people conduct themselves, their dressing styles, customs and the rituals they perform on special occasions.

  • Indian Dresses

India is quite popular across the world for its ethnic style of dressing. Different kinds of outfits are worn by people in India. These include salwar kameez, sarees and other traditional, fusion and modern outfits. In most of the rural parts of the country women wear ghaghara cholis. During festive seasons marriages and religious ceremonies people in India mostly prefer wearing ethnic outfits. Women usually dress up in sarees, lehenga cholis, anarkali dresses and salwar kameez while men wear dhoti kurtas, sherwanis and other traditional outfits. The traditional outfits are also teamed with pieces of jewelry. In Indian tradition wearing and possessing gold jewelry is a status symbol. People in India also wear western outfits, designer outfits and experiment a lot with their dressing.

  • Marriages in India

India is a land immersed in rich cultures and traditions therefore it is no surprise that marriages here are marked by traditions and customs. In most parts of India marriages are still arranged by the families though the lot has changed in modern times. Marriage in India is the manifestation of its rich cultural heritage and unites two families. The uniqueness of Indian marriages is in its lavishness. It is celebrated as a festival in India. Different rituals and customs are followed by different religions not only on the wedding day but also before and after wedding.

Indians have special rituals and customs for all occasions and dress accordingly. The diversity is visible in the traditions and cultures of various religions. Indian culture is popular across the world for its diversity and uniqueness.

Paragraph on Indian Culture 6 (350 words)

Indian culture is the heart of India as it is a way of life for Indians. It is the amalgamation of several cultures present in India influenced by the history of our nation.

  • Indian Culture and Religions

Indian culture is much influenced by its religions. The most dominant religions in India include Hinduism , Jainism , Sikhism and Buddhism which are rooted on the notion of Dharma and Karma, though the other religions such as Islam, Judaism and Christianity are also prominent in India. Indian philosophy, art, architecture and literature are highly influenced by the Indian culture. India is ethnically and religiously the most diverse countries in the world.

In India worshiping God is the most important part of daily life. People in India mostly start and end their day with prayers. People have different values and beliefs. Hindus worship cow and consider cow as a sacred animal. Indians also worship trees. Neem tree, Peepal tree, Banyan tree and various other trees are known for their religious connotations. Rivers such as Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra, Godavari, Narmada and Tapti River are also considered holy. These are worshiped by people in India.

In India, there are many famous religious places like Haridwar, Vaishnao Devi, Amarnath, Badrinath, and Varanasi in the northern part of the country. In southern part one can visit Sabrimala, Sringeri and Rameshwaram. The other religious places one can visit are Dwarkadish Temple and Somnath Temple in Gujarat and Siddhi Vinayak Temple in Maharashtra, Mumbai. Golden Temple in Amritsar is the most beautiful and important Sikh pilgrimage site in India.

Muslims in India follow Islam and worship Allah. Quran is their religious text. Dargah Sharif of Ajmer and Ajan Pir in Assam are famous pilgrimage sites for those who follow Islam dharma.

Christians visit church for their prayers. Some of the most famous churches in India are Medak Cathedral in Andhra Pradesh, St. Joseph Church in Uttar Pradesh, Santa Cruz Basilica in Kochi, St. Michael’s Cathedral in Shimla and Sacred Heart Cathedral, New Delhi.

The custom of worshiping is the important element of Indian Culture. There are diverse religions and different rituals of worship that are performed by people here. There are prayers for different occasions and festivals in India. The variation in Indian culture is most prominent in its customs.

Paragraph on Indian Culture 7 (400 words)

India is home for host of people belonging to diverse and unique cultures and religions. Indian religions, languages, art forms and lifestyle differ from place to place within the nation. India is one of the most populated countries in the world with 29 states in India with different cultures and traditions. The cultural diversity spans across our nation.

  • Festivals in India

In India people celebrate festivals of various religions with great zeal and enthusiasm. It is the land of festivals. People of different religions and communities come together and celebrate festivals with love and brotherhood. Diwali , Holi , Dussehra , Raksha Bandhan, Christmas, Ramzan, Guru Nanak Jayanti, Ganesh Chaturthi and many more festivals are celebrated here. Each festival has its religious and cultural importance. Different festivals are celebrated with different customs and traditions. The national festivals of India are, Independence Day (celebrated on 15th of August), Republic Day (celebrated on 26th January) and Gandhi Jayanti (celebrated on 2nd October). National holiday is declared on these national festivals. People in India mostly wear ethnic outfits during festive season and love to team them up with traditional jewelry.

  • Indian Food

With the diversity in religion and culture, a wide range of Indian food and multiple cuisines is no surprise. Indian food comprises of several ingredients and is prepared with varied cooking techniques and styles. Variety of spices and herbs are used to cook food in India. Multiple cuisines like Chinese, Punjabi, Gujarati, Thai, Mexican, Chinese and South Indian are popular in India. The aromas and flavors of Indian food are unique and praised across the world.

  • Indian Dance and Music

Indian art of dance includes many classical forms like Bharatnatayam, Kathak, Kuchipudi, Manipuri, Kathakali and Odissi. Its folk dance forms include bhangra, Garba, Bihu, Ghoomar, Lavani and Dekhni.

Other than dance, the music of India is also popular. The diverse forms of music in India include classical, folk, religious, Bollywood, rock, ghazals and pop music. It is the land of Lord Krishna well-known for playing flute. The legends like Mian Tansen, M.S. Shubhalakshmi, Pt. Ravi Shankar, S. Balachandra, Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammad Rafi, Zakir Hussain, A.R. Rehman and many more are popular in India to create music.

Thus, Indians live life to the fullest and be it culture, festivals, tradition, food, music or dance – there is a wide variety in every sphere. People here celebrate different festivals, enjoy different food, perform various forms of arts and have various colours of life.

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Gujarati Culture, Dress and Food - The Heart and Soul of Gujarat

The diverse and vibrant state of Gujarat has a significant contribution to the cultural aspect of India. The sheer simplicity and amiability of Gujaratis have made them a flourishing community. The state of Gujarat boasts a vibrant art, architecture, culture, and heritage; all of which is quite evident in the day-to-day lives of the locals. The diversity exhibited by Gujarat is a result of the various ethnic groups constituting Gujarat's population; including Indic and Dravidian groups. 

1. Art and Culture of Gujarat

gujarati culture

Dance Forms 

gujarat culture

  • Dandiya Raas is performed by both men and women and utilizes the movement of bamboo sticks, known as Dandiyas. It has ancient roots and was believed to be played by the beloved Gopis of Lord Krishna.
  • Garba is usually performed by the females in a circular formation. It is performed with reverence of the feminine form of the divinity.
  • Garbi is traditionally performed by only the men and incorporates the use of instruments like dhol and manjiras.
  • Padhar is mainly performed by the rural communities near Nal Lake.

2. Customs and Traditions of Gujarat

3. languages and religions.

  • Although Gujarati is the mother tongue of the natives of Gujarat, many other languages are widely spoken throughout the state. Gujarati is an Indo-Aryan language derived from Sanskrit and is the 26th most widely used language in the world. Gujarati has about 11 different dialects, spoken in various parts of the state.
  • Since the state of Gujarat shares its border with Maharashtra , Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan ; a small section of its population speak the native languages of the neighbouring states, namely Marwari, Marathi, Hindi along with Urdu and Sindhi.
  • The natives of Kutch-a semi-arid region in Gujarat-speaks Kachchi language, which is quite an important language of the area.

4. Fairs and Festivals

gujarat culture, gujarati culture

The fairs and festivals of Gujarat showcase the real vibrancy and colours of its diverse culture. Thousands of people flock to Gujarat to witness the extravaganza during festivals like Navratri Mahotsav, Deepawali, Rathyatra and Kite festival. There are some fairs as well that are organized in the state every year, namely- Shamlaji Melo, Bhadra Purnima Fair, and Mahadev Fair. The Rann Utsav is a major festival and witnesses an exquisite carnival of music, dance and natural beauty.

5. Food of Gujarat

gujarati culture food

A traditional and authentic Gujarati meal consists of dal, roti, rice, vegetables, salad, chaas, farsan followed by a sweet dish. Gujarati cuisine is quite similar to that of Maharashtra, and most of the Gujaratis are vegetarian. Some of the famous Gujarati delicacies include dhokla, fafda, khandvi, dhal Dhokli, Undhiyu, handvo, Ganthia, dal Wada, khakhra, and Thepla. In Gujarati dishes, the flavors are a blend of sweet, spicy and sour tastes. Each region of the state has a distinctive flavor associated with its local food. A typical Gujarati dinner includes bhakri-shak or khichdi-kadhi. The Gujaratis are noted for their sweet tongue, and hence every meal is followed by a sweet dish or sometimes even jaggery.

6. Cultural Dresses of Gujarat

gujarati cultural dress

  • Patola Silk or popularly known as 'Queen of all silks' forms a major part of traditional Gujarati attire. Gujarati brides are adorned with silk and zari woven sarees of Gharchola and Panetar.
  • The traditional attires often incorporate tie-dye or traditional block prints.
  • The region of Kutch has a distinctive traditional outfit adorned by women known as Abhas. Chania Cholis are a popular choice of outfit during the festive season of Navratri Mahotsav.
  • Men also wear unique attire known as Kediya dress during the Navratri season.
  • A prevalent Gujarati trend is the silver Pachchikam jewellery that originated in Kutch.
  • 7. Gujarati Engagement and Wedding Ceremony

Engagement Ceremony

Wedding ceremony.

Gujarati Culture Engagement and Wedding

The wedding ceremony in the Gujarati culture is probably the most awaited event for the couple and its family but for all the guests as well. Like every Indian wedding, the rituals go back to the Vedic times, and the ceremonies kick off with the ( Varghodo ) wedding procession, that goes from the groom's house to the bride's house where the ceremonies take place. On arrival, the groom is welcomed by the bride's family ( Swagatam ) after which the bride's father performs a ritual involves him handing over his daughter to the groom ( Kanya Daan ) in front of the guest. After this, the rituals ( Ganesh Puja ) commences, this is known as the Vivaan. During the Vivaan, the couple performs the Mangal Phera where they go around the sacred fire and go through the most important part of the ritual, the Saptapadi or the seven sacred steps. The religious part of the ceremony comes to a close with the holy thread ( Mangalsutra ) being tied around the neck of the bride by the groom and he places the red dot ( tika ) on the wife's forehead, as a declaration of her new married status (Suhaag). The ceremony comes to a close when the couple goes to the groom's parents who will bless the couple ( Aashirvaad ).

8. Gujarati Cinema

Gujarati Culture Cinema

This post was published by Shelly Mehandiratta

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