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Education in the Vision of Swami Vivekananda

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educational philosophy of swami vivekananda essay

Introduction

Swami Vivekananda (1863 – 1902), a great thinker and reformer of India, embraces education, which for him signifies ‘man-making’, as the very mission of his life. In this paper, which purports to expound and analyze Vivekananda’s views on education, an endeavor has been made to focus on the basic theme of his philosophy, viz. the spiritual unity of the universe. Whether it concerns the goal or aim of education, or its method of approach or its component parts, all his thoughts, we shall observe, stem from this dormant theme of his philosophy which has its moorings in Vedanta.

Vivekananda realizes that mankind is passing through a crisis. The tremendous emphasis on the scientific and mechanical ways of life is fast reducing man to the status of a machine. Moral and religious values are being undermined. The fundamental principles of civilization are being ignored. Conflicts of ideals, manners and habits are pervading the atmosphere. Disregard for everything old is the fashion of the day. Vivekananda seeks the solutions of all these social and global evils through education. With this end in view, he feels the dire need of awakening man to his spiritual self wherein, he thinks, lies the very purpose of education.

The Goal or Objective of Education Vivekananda points out that the defect of the present-day education is that it has no definite goal to pursue. A sculptor has a clear idea about what he wants to shape out of the marble block; similarly, a painter knows what he is going to paint. But a teacher, he says, has no clear idea about the goal of his teaching. Swamiji attempts to establish, through his words and deeds, that the end of all education is man making. He prepares the scheme of this man-making education in the light of his over-all philosophy of Vedanta. According to Vedanta, the essence of man lies in his soul, which he possesses in addition to his body and mind. In true with this philosophy, Swamiji defines education as ‘the manifestation of the perfection already in man.’ The aim of education is to manifest in our lives the perfection, which is the very nature of our inner self. This perfection is the realization of the infinite power which resides in everything and every-where-existence, consciousness and bliss (satchidananda). After understanding the essential nature of this perfection, we should identify it with our inner self. For achieving this, one will have to eliminate one’s ego, ignorance and all other false identification, which stand in the way. Meditation, fortified by moral purity and passion for truth, helps man to leave behind the body, the senses, the ego and all other non-self elements, which are perishable. He thus realizes his immortal divine self, which is of the nature of infinite existence, infinite knowledge and infinite bliss.

At this stage, man becomes aware of his self as identical with all other selves of the universe, i.e. different selves as manifestations of the same self. Hence education, in Vivekananda’s sense, enables one to comprehend one’s self within as the self everywhere. The essential unity of the entire universe is realized through education. Accordingly, man making for Swamiji stands for rousing mans to the awareness of his true self. However, education thus signified does not point towards the development of the soul in isolation from body and mind. We have to remember that basis of Swamiji’s philosophy is Advaita which preaches unity in diversity. Therefor, man making for him means a harmonious development of the body, mind and soul.

In his scheme of education, Swamiji lays great stress on physical health because a sound mind resides in a sound body. He often quotes the Upanishadic dictum ‘nayamatma balahinena labhyah’; i.e. the self cannot be realized by the physically weak . However, along with physical culture, he harps on the need of paying special attention to the culture of the mind. According to Swamiji, the mind of the students has to be controlled and trained through meditation, concentration and practice of ethical purity. All success in any line of work, he emphasizes, is the result of the power of concentration. By way of illustration, he mentions that the chemist in the laboratory concentrates all the powers of his mind and brings them into one focus-the elements to be analyzed-and finds out their secrets. Concentration, which necessarily implies detachment from other things, constitutes a part of Brahmacharya, which is one of the guiding mottos of his scheme of education. Brahmacharya, in a nutshell, stands for the practice of self-control for securing harmony of the impulses. By his philosophy of education, Swamiji thus brings it home that education is not a mere accumulation of information but a comprehensive training for life. To quote him: ‘Education is not the amount of information that is put into your brain and runs riot there undigested, all your life.’ Education for him means that process by which character is formed, strength of mind is increased, and intellect is sharpened, as a result of which one can stand on one’s own feet .

Method or Procedure Having analyzed the goal or objective of education, the next question that naturally arises is about the method of imparting education. Here again, we note the Vedantic foundation of Swamiji’s theory. According to him, knowledge is inherent in every man’s soul. What we mean when we say that a man ‘knows’ is only what he ‘discovers’ by taking the cover off his own soul. Consequently, he draws our attention to the fact that the task of the teacher is only to help the child to manifest its knowledge by removing the obstacles in its way. In his words: ‘Thus Vedanta says that within man is all knowledge even in a boy it is so and it requires only an awakening and that much is the work of a teacher.’ To drive his point home, he refers to the growth of a plant. Just as in the case of a plant, one cannot do anything more than supplying it with water, air and manure while it grows from within its own nature, so is the case with a human child. Vivekananda’s method of education resembles the heuristic method of the modern educationists. In this system, the teacher invokes the spirit of inquiry in the pupil who is supposed to find out things for himself under the bias-free guidance of the teacher.

Swamiji lays a lot of emphasis on the environment at home and school for the proper growth of the child. The parents as well as the teachers should inspire the child by the way they live their lives. Swamiji recommends the old institution of gurukula (living with the preceptor) and similar systems for the purpose. In such systems, the students can have the ideal character of the teacher constantly before them, which serves as the role model to follow.

Although Swamiji is of the opinion that mother tongue is the right medium for social or mass education, he prescribes the learning of English and Sanskrit also. While English is necessary for mastering Western science and technology, Sanskrit leads one into the depths of our vast store of classics. The implication is that if language does not remain the privilege of a small class of people, social unity will march forward unhampered.

Fields of Study Vivekananda, in his scheme of education, meticulously includes all those studies, which are necessary for the all-around development of the body, mind and soul of the individual. These studies can be brought under the broad heads of physical culture, aesthetics, classics, language, religion, science and technology. According to Swamiji, the culture values of the country should form an integral part of the curriculum of education. The culture of India has its roots in her spiritual values. The time-tested values are to be imbibed in the thoughts and lives of the students through the study of the classics like Ramayana, Mahabharata, Gita, Vedas and Upanishads. This will keep the perennial flow of our spiritual values into the world culture.

Education, according to Swamiji, remains incomplete without the teaching of aesthetics or fine arts. He cites Japan as an example of how the combination of art and utility can make a nation great.

Swamiji reiterates that religion is the innermost core of education. However, by religion, he does not mean any particular kind of it but its essential character, which is the realization of the divinity already in man. He reminds us time and again that religion does not consist in dogmas or creeds or any set of rituals. To be religious for him means leading life in such a way that we manifest our higher nature, truth, goodness and beauty, in our thoughts, words and deeds. All impulses, thoughts and actions which lead one towards this goal are naturally ennobling and harmonizing, and are ethical and moral in the truest sense. It is in this context that Swamiji’s idea of religion, as the basis of education should be understood. We note that in his interpretation, religion and education share the identity of purpose.

Why religion forms the very foundation of education becomes clear in his following words: ‘In building up character, in making for everything that is good and great, in bringing peace to others, and peace to one’s own self, religion is the highest motive power, and, therefore, ought to be studied from that standpoint. Swamiji believes that if education with its religious core can invigorate man’s faith in his divine nature and the infinite potentialities of the human soul, it is sure to help man become strong, yet tolerant and sympathetic. It will also help man to extend his love and good will beyond the communal, national and racial barriers.

It is a misinterpretation of Vivekananda’s philosophy of education to think that he has overemphasized the role of spiritual development to the utter neglect of the material side. Vivekananda, in his plan for the regeneration of India, repeatedly presses the need for the eradication of poverty, unemployment and ignorance. He says, We need technical education and all else which may develop industries, so that men, instead of seeking for service, may earn enough to provide for them-selves, and save something against a rainy day. He feels it necessary that India should take from the Western nations all that is good in their civilization. However, just like a person, every nation has its individuality, which should not be destroyed. The individuality of India lies in her spiritual culture. Hence in Swamiji’s view, for the development of a balanced nation, we have to combine the dynamism and scientific attitude of the West with the spirituality of our country. The entire educational program should be so planned that it equips the youth to contribute to the material progress of the country as well as to maintaining the supreme worth of India’s spiritual heritage.

Another important aspect of Swamiji’s scheme of education is women’s education. He realizes that it if the women of our country get the right type of education, then they will be able to solve their own problems in their own way. The main objective of his scheme of female education is to make them strong, fear-less, and conscious of their chastity and dignity. He observes that although men and women are equally competent in academic matters, yet women have a special aptitude and competence for studies relating to home and family. Hence he recommends the introduction of subjects like sewing, nursing, domestic science, culinary art, etc which were not part of education at his time.

Conclusion The exposition and analysis of Vivekananda’s scheme of education brings to light its constructive, practical and comprehensive character. He realizes that it is only through education that the uplift of masses is possible. To refer to his own words: Traveling through many cities of Europe and observing in them the comforts and education of even the poor people, there was brought to my mind the state of our own poor people and I used to shed tears. When made the difference? “Education” was the answer I got.’

He states it emphatically that if society is to be reformed, education has to reach everyone-high and low, because individuals are the very constituents of society. The sense of dignity rises in man when he becomes conscious of his inner spirit, and that is the very purpose of education. He strives to harmonize the traditional values of India with the new values brought through the progress of science and technology.

It is in the transformation of man through moral and spiritual education that he finds the solution for all social evils. Founding education on the firm ground of our own philosophy and culture, he shows the best of remedies for today’s social and global illness. Through his scheme of education, he tries to materialize the moral and spiritual welfare and upliftment of humanity, irrespective of caste, creed, nationality or time. However, Swami Vivekananda’s scheme of education, through which he wanted to build up a strong nation that will lead the world towards peace and harmony, is still a far cry. It is high time that we give serious thought to his philosophy of education and remembers his call to every-body-‘Arise, awake, and stop not till the goal is reached.’

Courtesy and Copyright Prabuddha Bharata

  • Sudipta D Roy
  • swami vivekananda
  • Education in India

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Swami Vivekananda’s Philosophy of Education | Meaning & Principles

Contents in the Article

Swami Vivekananda’s Philosophy of Education | Meaning & Principles

Vivekananda’s Philosophy of Education

Vivekananda’s philosophy of education is a reflection of his general philosophy of life. His main contention is that education is the manifestation of divinity already existing in man. He believes that knowledge resides within the individual himself. He simply discovers or realizes it. In fact, his educational philosophy is built upon the bed rocks of Vedanta. Vivekananda also criticized the existing system of education.

Meaning of Education

He considers education as something which is a part of human life. On one side he interprets education as the manifestation of the perfection and on the other side the essence of education as he contends, is concentration of mind, not the collection of facts. His greatest concern was the masses and he wanted them to equip for struggle for life. He observes, “The education which does not help the common mass of people to equip themselves for life, which does not bring out strength of character, a spirit is that which enables on to stand on his own legs”.

Main features or Principles of Education

Following are the basic philosophy or principles of education of Swami Vivekananda-

  • The Child does his own Growing Self Education- He thinks that each one of us is naturally growing. This means that growth is a natural process. He says, “Men must themselves. The child teaches himself. Your duty is to afford opportunities and to remove obstacles.” He compares the child with a plant. Here he sounds a warning against the traditional harsh system of education.
  • Education should be according to the tendencies of the Child- The teaching should be adjusted according to the needs of children. These needs should be determined in terms of the tendencies inherent in children and not according to what the parents or teachers think. Vivekananda advised the teachers to come down to the level of students, their mental abilities and so on.
  • Concentration as the essence of Education- Vivekananda observed “To me the very essence of education is concentration of mind, not the collecting of facts. If I has to do my education over again, and had any voice in the matter, I would not study facts at all. I would develop the power of concentration and detachment, and then with a perfect instrument I could collect facts at will.” Concentration is the only valid method to attain knowledge and education.
  • Brahmacharya- Vivekananda recommends Brahmacharya ( continence ) and Saraddha (external faith) to be the best techniques and tools of concentration. He believes that by observing strict Brahmacharya all learning can be mastered within a very short time.”
  • Universal Education- Vivekananda was a champion of universal education i.e., education for all. He observes, “No amount of policies would be of any avail until the masses in India are once more well educated, well fed and well cared for.” He further says, “India lives in cottage, education must reach there”.
  • National System of Education- Vivekananda was an ardent advocate of a national system of education. In this ‘Rousing call to the Nation’, he emphasized a system of education which must be based on our national needs, problems, aspiration and general role of the country in the World perspective. His nationalism is connected with the general upliftment of the people. In a way, he laid the foundations of education for the masses.
  • Women education- Vivekananda was an ardent advocate of women education. He believes that the uplift of the women must come first and then the real good come about the country. There can be hope of well-being of the country unless the condition of women is improved. He wanted to give a type of education that may make women selfless, fearless and brave. Not only it, he also wanted to give woman an education which may form character and may increase the strength of mind. Women should be taught history, housekeeping, art and duties of home life and principles which develop an ideal character. These subjects should be taught with the help of modern science.
  • Religious Education- Vivekananda himself was a saint. He believed that religion is the innermost core of education and education is also incomplete without religious training. Therefore, religion must be a living experience with oneself and true religious education should be imparted to children.

From these, Swami Vivekananda expressed education is the manifestation of the perfection already present in man. In every individual, these are certain dormant power which is inborn. By education, it can develop these powers. So that education is the process of self-development and book learning is no education.

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Educational Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda

Educational Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda  was one of the greatest spiritual leaders of the modern world, a great lover of humanity where unconditional love extended to all people without any distinction of caste, class, creed, race, regions or religion.

Moral and Religious Education

Religious education is a vital part of a sound curriculum.  Vivekananda  considered the  Gita , the  Upanishads  and the Vedas as the most important curriculum for religious education. For him, religion is self realization. It is not only for the individual’s development, but also for the transformation of total mankind. He pleaded for unity of world religion. To Vivekananda, ethics and religion are one and the same. God is always on the side of goodness. the moral and religious education develops the self-confidence among the young men and women.

Motivation and Learning

The essential characteristics of the educational philosophy of Swami Vivekananda are  idealism ,  naturalism  and  pragmatism .

Swami Vivekananda  showed that no man is inferior to the other; no class has got special qualification over the other. the Vedantic spirit of oneness makes the individual identity with the community and serve it with a service motive without any personal gain. Swami Vivekananda maintained that individual liberation is incomplete without the total liberation of mankind.

Swami Vivekananda

For  Swami Vivekananda , the welfare of all is based on promoting freedom and equality of all. Thus, his concept of equality fosters fellowship and unity among individuals and nations. Swami Vivekananda laid emphasis on social unity for social economic upliftment of the people.

A builder of modern India

Vivekananda’s influence on modern India can be seen in its development of socialist ideas, its new emphasis on mass uplift and mass participation, and its growing identification of mass welfare with genuine patriotism. He also had the same firm belief in hindus and Muslims working together for the development of the Indian nation. He wanted Hindu-Muslim unity based not only on the religion of Hindu Vedanta and Islamic democracy; he also wanted it to be built upon his basis of common interests. 

Vivekananda recognized the difficulty of poor children in rural areas in attending primary school’s even if they were available and in their vicinity, as they would be required to help their parents in their work and enable them to earn their miserable livelihood. He therefore, talked of the need for taking education to where the children could conveniently gather and at the same time which would not cut into their work.

Vivekananda  believed that education should aim at developing the mind rather than stuff it with bookish knowledge and that it would be easier for a stimulated mind to acquire knowledge on its own and digest it properly.

Today of course, everyone is for women’s education and giving them their rightful place, but in actual fact, women’s education in rural India is still at a low level, while as regards the inclusion of spirituality in their education, it is still to be accomplished. Secularism, mass uplift and mass power, women’s liberation, abolition of untouchability, inclusion of social service as a part of religion worship, Hindu-Muslim unity, universal literacy and informal education- all these constitute the contribution of Swami Vivekananda’s to the building of modern India.

Vivekananda's Philosophy of Life

The real education according to Swami Vivekananda is that which prepares the individual for struggle for existence. education prepares a man for social service, to develop his character and finally imbibes in with the spirit and courage of a lion. Education is a tool of liberation from the darkness and ignorance. Teaching and learning are part of the process. The teacher only guides, suggests, points out and help the students. the teacher only motivates and encourages the students to find out the hidden treasure of knowledge.

Indian nationalism was the basic foundation of his philosophy of education and philosophy of Vedanta and Upanishads. He was against the system of the contemporary education system which turned men into slaves, capable of slavery and nothing else. He emphasized that the aim of education being life-building, man-making, character-building. Swami Vivekananda stressed education for democracy and national development. education was a powerful instrument to achieve these developmental qualities in the people.

Vivekananda's means of Education

According to Vivekananda, the means for education is love. Love and character buildings are the best means for education. love in the minds of the educator is the real source of his influence upon the education. The true education, gives the growth and expansion of personality. he wanted that the education for total human development was the main vision. The child should be taught through love, fellow feelings and love for human beings. Education must help the individual to recognize his cultural heritage and to use it in the struggle of life. Education is a lifelong process towards the fullest development of human personality, self-discovery, self-perfection, self-awareness and self-manifestation.

Vivekananda and Aims of Education

Swami Vivekananda

Vivekananda wanted all round development of education to heart and mind, to strengthen character and national consciousness, to help in the cultivation of strength and energy, nurture the brain and intellect and stir feelings of kindness and sympathy. 

According to Vivekananda, education is a process in which the young minds will receive strength, energy and vigorous character. Through this process, the individual will mould themself into a complete perfect human being of their life. All knowledge comes from the human soul. Man manifests knowledge, discovers it with himself, which is pre-existing through eternity. Education is a man making and nation making process. The prime aim of education is to achieve the full perfection already present in the child. According to Vivekananda, all the material and spiritual knowledge are already present in the individuals mind, but it is covered by certain ignorance.

Women Education

Vivekananda considered women to be the incarnation of power and asked men to respect them in every way possible. He insists that men and women are equally competent not only in the academic matters, but also must have an equal companion in the home and family. The ideal women in Indian is the mother, the mother first and the mother last.

Education should spread to every household in the country, to playgrounds and agricultural fields. If the children do not come to the school, the teacher should reach them. Vivekananda favored education for different sections of society, rich and poor, young and old, male or female. from the analysis of Vivekananda’s scheme of education, the uplift of the masses is possible only through education. His view on education bring to light his constructive, practical and comprehensive character. Through education, he tries to materialize the moral and spiritual welfare and upliftment, irrespective of caste, creed, nationality and time. He said, purity, patience and perseverance help overcome all obstacles.

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REFLECTION AND RELEVANCE OF TEACHING AND PHILOSOPHY OF SWAMI VIVEKANANDA IN THE PRESENT EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

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Swami Vivekananda, the considerable and talented soul, cherished and respected in East and West as a profound friar, savant second to none. Although Vivekananda did not compose any book on

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To make a man complete with all kinds of values including moral and religious value by the study on educational thought of Swami Vivekanand . This study finds the way to get the inner-self which resides in everything and everywhere by eliminating one’s ego to finally reach the manifestation of perfection through education. In the said research, a study of thoughts of Swami Vivekananda was conducted. Keywords:- Values, Man making, awakening, arise, awake

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born. Swamiji would have had the same message if he was alive today, he would have used a different language but am sure his tonality and his enthusiasm would have been the same. He propagated Karma Yoga as the best Yoga for the youth. Today's youth wants quick buck. Vivekananda's politics and economics are all to be found in his social philosophy. And in this domain we encounter Vivekananda as the messenger of modern materialism. Kant is the father of modern materialism for the west. Vivekananda is the father of modern materialism for India. India, like Europe, was in need of a man who could say with all honesty he could command that Prakriti was no less sacred than Purusa and that the pursuit of material science and material prosperity was as godly as that of the science and activities bearing on the soul. Vivekananda had been a rationalist and a deist, though he fancied that he was a theist. His early religious associations were with the Brahmo-Samaj.Ramkrishna Paramahasa attracted; however; many members of the Brahmo-Samaj by his great psychic powers and more particularly by his passionate love of God. Real freedom is achieved not through war, but through peace. War or renunciation or isolation has a place no doubt in the scheme of life, but only a temporary place as a means to the attainment of the ultimate end which is not perpetuation of the inevitable conflict of evolution. Freedom, again, is one. Freedom from the domination of our passions and appetites is the first step in the realization of the ideal. Freedom from the fear of brother-man is the next step. Freedom from the domination of any external authority must follow next. In this way from personal freedom, through social freedom including political freedom, man must attain his real freedom. And when he attains it, he realizes, finally, that he and his God are one. This is really the message of his Master to the modern world. I think that Vivekananda greatest service is the development in his teaching of the finest features of Indian culture.Vivekananda said that there was the power of Brahman in every man that Narayana (i.e. God) wanted to have our service through the poor. Gospel showed the path of infinite freedom from man's tiny egocentric self beyond the limits of all selfishness. This was no sermon relating to a particular ritual, nor was it a narrow injunction to be imposed upon one's external life. This naturally contained in it protest against untouchability-not because that would make for political freedom, but because that would do away with the humiliation of man-a curse which in fact puts to shame the self of us all. Vivekananda's gospel marked the awakening of man in his fullness and that is why it inspired our youth to the diverse courses of liberation through work and sacrifice.

Swami Vedatitananda

Why cannot a system of Education be developed based on Swami Vivekananda's ideas of Education, as yet? When will such a system develop? This article explores these questions:

Lessons for today's students from the childhood and youth of Swami Vivekananda; a translation of a booklet by Rev Swami Purushottamanandaji Maharaj.

International Journal of Advance Research and Innovative Ideas in Education

umesh kapri

ravi khangai

With excessive obsession of secularism, religion and spirituality is often neglected from the curriculum. Progress of science and technology had given us many things that are capable of providing us with physical comfort. But has it really lead to aggregate addition in happiness for humanity? In the above context, the present paper is an attempt of exploring the Vivekananda’s concept of knowledge and education. Through the writings/utterance of Vivekananda one can have glimpses of concept about knowledge and education during ancient Indian tradition. Probably Vivekananda internalised the wisdom of the ancient Indian sages developed through the ages.

isara solutions

International Res Jour Managt Socio Human

Swamiji's thoughts on education is an education in itself; responding to these thoughts, however, needs a strong character, and to respond to them collectively needs a stronger national character. According to Swamiji, education does not mean a load of information that is inserted by force into the mind of a child. He was against the system of the contemporary educational system which fans greed, turned men into slaves, capable of slavery and nothing else. In India spiritualism was the basic foundation of education based on the philosophy of Vedanta and Upanishads. Education needs to be life-building, man-making, and character-making. The process of education is like growing a plant from a tiny seed. Care is needed during the developing stages. The role of parents and teachers is of utmost importance for the support and guidance. In this respect, Swamiji's ideas are extremely relevant and needed today. Vivekananda not only proposed high ideals of education but also suggested sound methods for achieving them. The purpose of teaching is to awaken the inner self. Once awakened, anyone will take care of themselves. Man-making education is the need of the day to ward off the social evils.

International Journal of Applied Research

Education plays an important role in the development of nation and life of every person, especially in globalized competitive environment as we know it today. India is a country with varied and rich cultural heritage. Numerous great educationists came with their individual ideas and philosophy of education to place education system in a perfect frame in the 19 th century. Among all, Swami Vivekananda (12 th January, 1863-4 th July, 1902) was the most influential and renowned personality, educationist, and reformer of India with his ideas and philosophy of education. His thoughts and teaching ideas still influences our education and all aspects of life. Swami ji believed in the philosophy of Vedanta, which believes that the goal of human life is to achieve "oneness with the Creator". Vivekananda was not only a great supporter of Vedanta but also, he had given Vedanta a practical form. Swami Vivekananda is one of the most famous philosophers and educational thinkers in the history of Indian education. He forced a truly men-making education system. Such an education, he says, the manifestation of perfection is already in man. Swami Vivekananda always believed that development a nation is possible with a quality education. Quality education give a safe passport for a comfortable life, because it guarantees a good job, higher education opportunities at prestigious Institutions and many good progressive things. One of the most important Swami Vivekananda's themes is the issue of building strong character in youth. According to him, the development of a good personality in each man is necessary in the case of nation building. He says "The creation of man means the harmonious development of body, mind, and soul but modern India has put tremendous emphasis on the scientific and mechanical ways of life which is fast reducing man to the status of a machine. Moral and religious values are being diluted. The fundamental principles of civilization are being disregarded. While according to Swami Ji aim of education should be to help a human being grow from the human to being human and social animal to the divine state, through self-effort, selfrealization, and proper training. Modern India needs to work in the field of producing genuine human beings. We can establish a developed society through the complete education system which was suggested by Swami Vivekanand. The present thematic paper aim to highlight Swamiji's ideas of education. It tries to analyse the relevance and need of his educational ideas in the light of the twenty first century education system in India.

Dr.S. SANTHI

Education, according to Swamiji, is incomplete without the teaching of aesthetics or fine arts. He cites Japan as an example of how the combination of art and utility can make a nation great. To be religious for him means leading life in such a way that we manifest our higher nature, truth, goodness and beauty, in our thoughts, words and deeds. All impulses, thoughts and actions which lead one towards this goal are naturally ennobling and harmonizing, and are ethical and moral in the truest sense. He says, We need technical education and all else which may develop industries, so that men, instead of seeking for service, may earn enough to provide for themselves , and save something against a rainy day. He feels it necessary that India should take from the Western nations all that are good in their civilization. He says for the development of a balanced nation, we have to combine the dynamism and scientific attitude of the West with the spirituality of our country. The entire educational program should be so planned that it equips the youth to contribute to the material progress of the country as well as to maintaining the supreme worth of India's spiritual heritage.

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educational philosophy of swami vivekananda essay

Social philosophy of Swami Vivekananda

by Baruah Debajit | 2017 | 87,227 words

This study deals with Swami Vivekananda’s social philosophy and his concept of religion. He was the disciple of the 19th-century Indian mystic Ramakrishna. Important subjects are discussed viz., nature of religion, reason and religion, goal of religion, religious experience, ways to God, etc. All in the context of Vivekananda....

Chapter 6.8 - Conclusion (Swami Vivekananda’s concept of Education)

From the above discussion of Vivekananda’s concept of education it has been seen that according to Vivekananda education is the discovery of the inner self. Education is not information giving in an artificial manner. It is a development from within. Education is spontaneous and positive. For Vivekananda, education is not the amount of information put into one’s brain which may be there undigested all one’s life. It is rather a life building assimilation of ideas. So he says that if a student has assimilated five ideas and made them as his character, then he has more education than any man who has got by heart the whole library. Education is not identical with information. Vivekananda was very pragmatic in his idea of education. For him real education is that which enables one to stand on one’s one legs. Not only this, it should also help us building a good moral character.

Vivekananda emphatically advocated the spread of universal mass education. It is because he knew that real India lives in her cottages and without mass education, desirable socio-economic changes in our country are not possible. The root cause of all our evils is the poverty of the people and Education is the sole remedy for improving the condition of the poor in the country. Education must reach every home. Vivekananda is an ardent lover of the masses and he desired sincerely to improve their wretched condition through education. He was thus a true nationalist and a great practical saint. He favored a casteless society through casteless education.

Vivekananda championed the cause of women’s education and their emancipation. He was greatly impressed to see the women of the progressive countries like America, England and Japan working with men and, thereby, immensely contributing to national advancement. He was at the same time greatly pained at the miserable condition of women in India. Vivekananda sincerely believed that a nation could rise only by paying proper respect to women and raising their status.

Vivekananda was in favor of the ideal of chastity for women. To him, Sita is a symbol of purity. Indian women, therefore, must be taught to follow the ideal of Sita. He had full faith in the Indian culture and virtues of our domestic living. He favoured women’s education on Indian lines and not on western lines. His idea of women’s education included ideal of lives of great Indian women, such as Sita, Sabitri, Ahalya Bai and Mira Bai. He also wanted to make Indian women fearless and brave to face successfully the realities of life. He recommends the valor and heroism of queen of Jhansi for Indian women he also recommends a modest curriculum for them which includes history, puranas , house-keeping, sewing and other domestic arts. Ideal women must learn the duties of home life. He also favoured science education and training in ethical and spiritual life. He, of course, discarded blind imitation of the west. India is unique-its education must be unique too. Here a synthesis of past and present, East and West is needed.

A teacher is to suggest and not teach. Vivekanada laid emphasis on selfteaching or self-learning. The living fire is already in the mind of the student. Knowledge is within. It is inherent in the mind of the individual. Sir Isaac Newton discovered the Law of Gravitition. The law was already in nature. The falling of the apple only suggested and the light already in the mind of Newton began to work. Vivekananda was a staunch supporter of freedom in education because he believes it is the first requisite of development. Hence no teacher should exert any kind of pressure of his pupils. Education must be based on the needs of the child.

He regards the child as the pivotal point of education. He is the store house of knowledge. Knowledge resides within him. Vivekananda lays emphasis on the discovery of inner knowledge. Until the inner teacher opens, all outside teaching is vain. He attaches great importance to the personal life and character of the teacher. A teacher must be dedicated to his profession and teach with devotion, with purity of mind and heart. The teacher must have love and sympathy for his students. A teacher can never teach sympathy. Without real sympathy we can never teach well.

So far as the method of learning is concerned he laid emphasis on concentration as the only method of attaining knowledge. Through the practice of Raj- yoga the mental urges may be controlled. Vivekananda considers concentration the key to the treasure-house of knowledge. Vivekananda believes that Brahmacharya is necessary for developing the power of mind and helps power of retention. It gives higher mental power. Vivekananda also lays emphasis on the importance of discussion and contemplation as methods of education.

As regards medium of education, Vivekananda strongly advocated the mothertongue. He was out and out a nationalist and, naturally, he championed the cause of national education through mother-tongue. He wanted to Indianise Indian education. He was a revivalist of Indian cultural traditions and values. Vivekananda pleaded that education must develop a strong sense of patriotism and nationalism in the minds of the students.

His great contribution in the field of education include self-knowledge, selfreliance, concentration, universal mass education, physical education, man-making education, character building education, education through the medium of mother tongue, religious and moral education, value education, selfless dedicated teachers etc. Vivekananda gave to the world a dynamic educational vision and an intensely efficacious educational philosophy of life values. He was a philosopher who felt, valued and experienced life in every detail. His teachings are linked up with their stress on cultivation of purity and strength. He spoke of natural and harmonious development of the latent powers in man. His clarion call to the world was unmistakable and unambiguous. A nation may conquer nature, control the elements, and develop the utilitarian aspects of life, yet the highest type of civilization is found in those individuals who have learned to conquer the self.

The following points can be mentioned as important in his concept of education-

1. Vivekananda’s Philosophy of education ultimately aims at the cultivation of the soul.

2. Vivekananda’s Philosophy of education aims at the education of the ‘whole man’. His education starts with a proper study of the physical and psychical parts which are ultimately grounded in the soul or in the real. His education aims at the integrated development of all the aspects of the individual’s life beginning from his birth to end. So, it is coextensive with life

3. The Vedantic concept of unity in diversity gives out the idea of a society consisting of different groups and subgroups of people who must work together with a spirit of cooperation with a view to make the society a better and happier place in which there is ample scope for self-realization. To strengthen this unity of life in a society, every section or group of a community must be aware of this unity. To achieve this as one of its aims, education wants to enlighten the women and the general masses, which form the major section of society, through proper training in culture, tradition and science. Thus the women’s education and mass education occupy an important place in Vivekananda’s Philosophy of education.

4. According to Vedanta , Reality is one. This oneness of Reality brings out, as its correlate, the idea of unity of all men living throughout the world. It is one of the functions of education to interpret man’s social nature, and his social relationship and thereby to promote unity of mankind at large. To achieve this end in actual fact, Swami Vivekananda gave emphasis, simultaneously, both on national and international education.

5. Swami Vivekananda’s Philosophy of education is replete with national feelings and sentiments, with the improvement of character and moral consciousness, with the cultivation of strength and energy, with the culture of brain and intellect and finally with the feelings of kindness and sympathy. He wanted his all-round education.

Thus we may conclude that Vivekananda’s concept of education is comprehensive. There is not even one point which has been escaped from Vivekananda’s notice so far as his concept of education is concerned. We in India need such a type of education through which one can stand on one’s own legs; one becomes physically, mentally and spiritually strong. Such a citizen is really very beneficial for any society.

Article published on 01 May, 2020

Essay on Swami Vivekananda for Students and Children

500+ words essay on swami vivekananda.

Born as Narendranath Dutta on 12 th January 1863 in the holy and divine place of Kolkata, Swami Vivekananda was a great Indian saint. He was a figure with “high thinking and simple living”. He was a great pious leader, a philosopher, and also a devout personality with great principles.  His eminent philosophical works comprise of “Modern Vedanta” and “Raj Yoga”. He was a principal disciple of “Ramkrishna Paramhansa” and was an initiator of Ramkrishna Math and Ramkrishna Mission . He thus spent his whole life in the dispersion of the values embedded in the great Indian culture.

essay on swami vivekananda

Childhood Days

Swami Vivekananda , the son of Shri Vishwanath and mother Bhuvneshwari Devi was called by the name “Narendranath Dutta” in the early days. Narendra was a child of unquestioned expertise and intellectual capability who used to take grasp of all his school teachings at first sight.

This excellence was recognized by his Gurus and thus was named “Shrutidhar” by them. He possessed manifold talents and skills comprising of swimming, wrestling which were a part of his schedule. Influenced by the teachings of Ramayana and Mahabharata, he had bottomless respect for religion. “Pavan Putra Hanuman” was his ideal for life.

Narendra was a lover of heroism and mystical by nature. Despite his upbringing in a spiritual family, he owned an argumentative personality in his infancy. His entire beliefs were assisted by an apt rationale and judgment behind them. Such a quality made him even put a question on the existence of the Almighty. He thus visited several saints and asked each one “have you seen God?”His spiritual quest left unanswered until he met “Ramkrishna Paramhansa”.

Meeting with Ramkrishna Paramhansa and Harmonization of Indian Culture

Swami Vivekananda met Ramkrishna Paramhansa for the first time when the latter visited his friend’s residence in Kolkata. Conscious of the supernatural powers of Swami Vivekananda called him to Dakshineshwar. He had a deep insight that Swamiji’s birth was a boon to mankind for the upliftment of the universe. Fulfillment of his spiritual inquisitiveness made he finally acknowledge Ramkrishna Paramhansa in the figure of his “Guru”. He was moved from darkness to illumination by his “Guru”. As his deep gratitude and reverence for his Guru made him travel all the four directions for the diffusion of his Guru’s teachings.

Swamiji won the hearts of everyone by his incredible speech at Chicago by addressing the audience as “Sisters and Brothers of America”

Vivekananda quoted these words” I am proud to belong to a religion which has taught the world both tolerance and universal acceptance. We believe not only in universal tolerance but we accept all religions as true.” Thus, he set forward the worth of Indian religion exhibiting the values of universal acceptance, oneness, and harmony despite multiplicity in cultures.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose once said,” Swamiji harmonized the East and the West, religion, and science, past and the present and that is why he is great.” He played a prominent role in ending India’s cultural remoteness from the rest of the world.

A figure of highest ideals and great thoughts, Swamiji was an inspiration for the Youth of India.  Through his teachings he wanted to fill the young brains with the powers of self-realization, character formation, to recognize inner strengths, service to others, an optimistic outlook, tireless efforts and a lot more.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Other Great Works by Swami Vivekananda

His famous quotations include, “Arise, awake and stop not till the goal is reached.” He also added that anything making a child physically, intellectually and spiritually weak must be rejected as a poison. He also emphasized on an education that leads to character formation.

His establishment of “Ramkrishna Math” and “Ramkrishna Mission” was a sign of “Guru Bhakti”, his sacrifice, austerity, and service of the poor and the downtrodden people of India. He was also a founder of Belur Math.

He spread the message of divinity and the true aims of scriptures. This great patriotic monk of the Mother Earth took his last breath on 4 th July 1902 at Belur Math.

Swamiji carried the messages of the rich and varied heritage of Indian culture and Hinduism, non-duality, selfless love, and service towards the nation. His mesmerizing personality with the highest virtues illuminated the young minds. His teachings aroused the realization of the power of the soul in them.

Thus, we celebrate his “Avtaran Divas” 12 th January, as the National Youth Day with great zeal and enthusiasm.

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Essay on Swami Vivekananda

Students are often asked to write an essay on Swami Vivekananda in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda, originally named Narendranath Datta, was born on January 12, 1863, in Kolkata. He was a bright student and was interested in a wide range of subjects.

Meeting with Ramakrishna Paramhansa

In his youth, Vivekananda met Ramakrishna Paramhansa, who became his guru. This meeting was a turning point in his life, shaping his spiritual and philosophical beliefs.

Vivekananda’s Teachings

Vivekananda emphasised the importance of self-realisation and service to mankind. He believed that serving others was the same as worshipping God.

World’s Parliament of Religions

In 1893, Vivekananda represented India at the World’s Parliament of Religions in Chicago. His speech there won him many followers.

Vivekananda’s teachings continue to inspire millions around the world. His birthday, January 12, is celebrated as National Youth Day in India.

Also check:

  • Paragraph on Swami Vivekananda
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250 Words Essay on Swami Vivekananda

Introduction.

Swami Vivekananda, born as Narendranath Datta, was a pivotal figure in the spiritual enlightenment of the world. His teachings and philosophy continue to inspire millions around the globe.

Early Life and Spiritual Awakening

Born in Kolkata in 1863, Vivekananda was a prodigious child with a keen intellect. His spiritual quest led him to Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, a saint who became his mentor. The teachings of Paramahamsa, emphasizing the unity of all religions, deeply influenced Vivekananda.

World Parliament of Religions

In 1893, Vivekananda’s speech at the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago marked a significant turning point. He introduced Hinduism to the western world, emphasizing its universal values and tolerance. His words, “Sisters and Brothers of America,” resonated with the audience, establishing an immediate bond of brotherhood.

Teachings and Contributions

Vivekananda’s teachings transcended religious boundaries, focusing on human development and service. He believed in the potential of every individual and stressed the importance of self-confidence. His philosophy of Vedanta advocates the divine nature of the soul and the unity of existence.

Vivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission, institutions that continue to serve society by promoting education, healthcare, and social service. His life and teachings remain a beacon of light, guiding individuals towards spiritual growth and social service.

In conclusion, Swami Vivekananda was not just a spiritual leader, but a humanitarian who believed in the inherent potential of every individual. His teachings continue to inspire and guide millions, fostering a sense of unity and mutual respect among diverse cultures.

500 Words Essay on Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda, born as Narendranath Datta, was a key figure who played a significant role in introducing the Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the Western world. He is also known for his contribution to the concept of nationalism in colonial India.

Early Life and Education

Vivekananda was born on January 12, 1863, in Kolkata. He was an intellectual from a young age, demonstrating a keen interest in a broad range of subjects such as philosophy, religion, history, social sciences, and arts. His education at the Presidency College, Kolkata and later at the Scottish Church College, further instilled in him a sense of rational thinking and religious inquiry.

Association with Ramakrishna Paramahansa

Vivekananda’s spiritual quest led him to Ramakrishna Paramahansa, a saint in Dakshineswar. Ramakrishna’s teachings, rooted in the unity of God and service to humanity, deeply influenced Vivekananda. He became one of the most devoted disciples of Ramakrishna, who often regarded Vivekananda as his spiritual heir.

Formation of Ramakrishna Mission

After Ramakrishna’s death, Vivekananda played a pivotal role in organizing the monastic order, Ramakrishna Math, and the service-oriented organization, Ramakrishna Mission. These establishments aimed at serving humanity and promoting spiritual harmony, drawing from the teachings of Ramakrishna Paramahansa.

Philosophy and Teachings

Vivekananda’s philosophy was a harmonious blend of the East and the West. He propagated the essence of Vedanta’s philosophy, emphasizing the unity of existence and the divinity of the soul. He advocated for the development of a character that combined the best of both spiritual insight and physical prowess, a concept he termed as “Jnana Karma Sanyasa.”

Impact on the West

Vivekananda’s speech at the Parliament of World’s Religions in Chicago in 1893 marked a significant milestone in his life and the global recognition of Hinduism. His message of tolerance, universal acceptance, and the essence of Hindu philosophy resonated with the audience. He spent several years in the USA and Europe, disseminating the teachings of Hindu philosophy and yoga.

Vivekananda’s influence was not limited to spiritual teachings; he also made significant contributions to social reforms. He propagated the idea of ‘Daridra Narayana,’ which means serving the poor as a way to serve God. His teachings continue to inspire millions, fostering interfaith understanding and promoting global peace.

In conclusion, Swami Vivekananda was a spiritual luminary, an ardent disciple, a compelling orator, and a social reformer. His teachings and philosophy, deeply rooted in Indian spiritual tradition yet universal in their appeal, continue to inspire and guide individuals on their spiritual and personal growth journeys.

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Essay on Swami Vivekananda

essay on swami vivekananda

Here we have shared the Essay on Swami Vivekananda in detail so you can use it in your exam or assignment of 150, 250, 400, 500, or 1000 words.

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Essay on Swami Vivekananda in 150-200 words

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Essay on Swami Vivekananda in 500-1000 words

Swami Vivekananda, born Narendranath Datta on January 12, 1863, in Kolkata, India, was a renowned Hindu monk, philosopher, and social reformer. He played a pivotal role in reviving Hindu spirituality and spreading the teachings of Vedanta in the late 19th century.

Vivekananda was deeply influenced by his guru, Sri Ramakrishna, and dedicated his life to promoting religious harmony, social welfare, and spiritual enlightenment. He firmly believed in the inherent divinity of every individual and emphasized the importance of self-realization and the pursuit of knowledge.

Swami Vivekananda’s famous speech at the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago in 1893 brought him international recognition. He passionately spoke about the universality of religions and the need for tolerance and understanding among different faiths.

Vivekananda established the Ramakrishna Mission and the Ramakrishna Math, which continue to serve society through various educational, medical, and social welfare initiatives. His teachings on selflessness, service, and the harmony of religions continue to inspire millions worldwide.

Swami Vivekananda’s life and teachings remain a beacon of light, guiding individuals towards spiritual growth and social upliftment. His messages of unity, tolerance, and self-realization continue to resonate with people from all walks of life, inspiring them to lead purposeful and meaningful lives.

Essay on Swami Vivekananda in 300-400 words

Swami Vivekananda, born as Narendranath Datta on January 12, 1863, in Kolkata, India, was a philosopher, scholar, and spiritual leader who played a significant role in the renaissance of Hinduism and the spread of Vedanta philosophy in the late 19th century.

Vivekananda was deeply influenced by his guru, Sri Ramakrishna, and dedicated his life to the pursuit of spiritual enlightenment and the welfare of humanity. He firmly believed in the universality of religions and preached the message of harmony, tolerance, and unity among people of different faiths.

One of Swami Vivekananda’s most notable contributions was his participation in the World Parliament of Religions held in Chicago in 1893. His powerful speech, beginning with the famous words “Sisters and brothers of America,” captivated the audience and introduced the world to the rich spiritual traditions of India. Vivekananda’s message emphasized the idea that all religions lead to the same ultimate truth, and that the essence of religion lies in the realization of one’s own divine nature.

Vivekananda’s teachings emphasized the importance of self-realization, self-discipline, and selfless service to humanity. He believed that every individual has the potential to realize their true nature and manifest their inherent divinity. He encouraged individuals to cultivate a strong character, moral values, and a sense of duty towards society.

Swami Vivekananda’s profound impact is evident in the establishment of the Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission, which continue to serve humanity through various educational, healthcare, and social service initiatives. These organizations strive to alleviate suffering and uplift the underprivileged, guided by Vivekananda’s principles of selfless service and universal love.

Vivekananda’s teachings continue to inspire millions of people around the world. His writings and speeches on Vedanta philosophy, spirituality, and social reform are widely read and studied. His message of tolerance, unity, and self-realization is especially relevant in today’s world, where there is a growing need for understanding and harmony among diverse cultures and religions.

Swami Vivekananda’s legacy is a testament to his deep wisdom, compassionate heart, and unwavering commitment to humanity. He left an indelible mark on the world, inspiring generations to embrace their inherent divinity, serve others selflessly, and strive for a better society. His teachings continue to guide individuals toward spiritual growth, moral values, and the realization of their highest potential.

Title: Swami Vivekananda – The Enlightened Monk and Spiritual Luminary

Introduction :

Swami Vivekananda, born Narendranath Datta on January 12, 1863, in Kolkata, India, was a renowned Hindu monk, philosopher, and social reformer. He played a pivotal role in reviving Hindu spirituality and spreading the teachings of Vedanta in the late 19th century. Vivekananda’s message of universal harmony, tolerance, and self-realization continues to inspire millions worldwide. His life and teachings have left an indelible mark on the world, igniting a spiritual revolution and fostering a sense of national pride and self-confidence among Indians.

Early Life and Spiritual Quest

Narendranath Datta was born into a middle-class Bengali family, with a rich cultural and intellectual background. From an early age, he displayed extraordinary intelligence and a deep inclination toward spiritual matters. His encounter with Sri Ramakrishna, a saintly figure and his spiritual guru, marked a turning point in his life. Ramakrishna recognized Narendranath’s spiritual potential and became his guiding light.

Vivekananda’s Quest for Knowledge

Under the guidance of Sri Ramakrishna, Narendranath embarked on a relentless quest for knowledge and spiritual enlightenment. He delved deep into the scriptures, studying the works of the great Hindu philosophers and mystics. He also explored other religious traditions and philosophical schools, seeking a synthesis of knowledge that would transcend religious boundaries.

The World Parliament of Religions

In 1893, Swami Vivekananda attended the World Parliament of Religions held in Chicago, which catapulted him to international fame. His famous speech, beginning with the words “Sisters and brothers of America,” captivated the audience and introduced the world to the rich spiritual traditions of India. Vivekananda emphasized the idea that all religions lead to the same ultimate truth and that the essence of religion lies in the realization of one’s own divine nature.

Teachings and Philosophy

Swami Vivekananda’s teachings emphasized the practical application of spirituality in everyday life. He stressed the importance of self-realization, self-discipline, and the cultivation of a strong character. He believed that each individual has the potential to manifest their inherent divinity and contribute to the welfare of society. Vivekananda emphasized the importance of service to humanity, stating that “service to mankind is the true worship of the divine.”

Vivekananda’s teachings also emphasized the unity of all religions and the need for religious tolerance and harmony. He urged people to rise above sectarianism and embrace the universal principles of love, compassion, and unity. Vivekananda’s philosophy of Vedanta emphasized the oneness of all existence and the inherent divinity within every individual.

Legacy and Impact

Swami Vivekananda’s impact on the world is immeasurable. His teachings continue to inspire millions of people, both in India and around the globe. He founded the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission, institutions that continue to serve humanity through various educational, healthcare, and social service initiatives. These organizations promote spiritual growth, social welfare, and the upliftment of the underprivileged.

Vivekananda’s teachings on education were particularly influential. He believed in imparting a holistic education that nurtures both the intellect and the character of individuals. His ideas on education laid the foundation for the establishment of educational institutions that combine academic excellence with moral and spiritual development.

Conclusion :

Swami Vivekananda, the enlightened monk and spiritual luminary, remains an inspiration for millions worldwide. His teachings on self-realization, service to humanity, and the unity of religions continue to guide individuals on their spiritual journeys. Vivekananda’s life exemplified the highest ideals of selflessness, courage, and dedication to the welfare of society. His philosophy of Vedanta and his message of universal love and tolerance are as relevant today as they were during his lifetime. Swami Vivekananda’s legacy lives on, inspiring individuals to seek spiritual enlightenment, cultivate noble values, and work towards the betterment of humanity.

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